Ephedra somalensis Freitag & Maier-St.

First published in Kew Bull. 58: 417 (2003)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Eritrea to N. Somalia. It is a subshrub or shrub and grows primarily in the desert or dry shrubland biome.

Descriptions

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Type
N2, below “Tabah” gap N of “Erigavo”, Thulin 10986 (UPS holo., K KAS iso.)
Morphology General Habit
Dioecious erect shrub with broom-like branching, up to 90(–200) cm high, with dark brown pith
Morphology Twigs
Twigs usually densely clustered, striate, rough
Morphology Leaves
Leaves paired, 1–2 mm long, united for 1/2–2/3, the sheaths scarious, usually wider than long, papillose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Cones
Female cones shortly pedunculate, 1-“flowered” Male cones sessile, 3–4 mm long with 6–8 “anthers”
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds unknown.
Distribution
N1, 2; Eritrea
Ecology
Altitude range 1300–2030 m.
Vernacular
Geesoriyaad (Somali)
[FSOM]

Forest, F. et al. 2018. Gymnosperms on the EDGE. Scientific Reports 8: 6053. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-24365-4.

Conservation
Ephedra somalensis is rated as Least Concerned (LC) according to IUCN Red List criteria and has received a EDGE score of -8.53, which places it in position 1030 on the EDGE Gymnosperm list. It has a Evolutionary Distinctiveness of 3.96, ranked 966. More information on the EDGE Gymnosperm project here https://www.edgeofexistence.org.
[EDGE]

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/201676/9162281

Conservation
LC - least concern
[IUCN]

Sources

  • EDGE Gymnosperms

    • EDGE of Existence (Gymnosperms)
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0