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This species is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to N. Tanzania.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Type
N2, Mt "Ahl" near "Meid", Hildebrandt 1531 (B holo., destr., BM K iso.).
Morphology General Habit
Tree or shrub, up to at least 8 m tall; bark dark, fissured
Morphology Leaves
Leaves (4–)6–18-foliolate, glabrous; rhachis up to 10 cm long, winged; leaflets opposite to alternate, ovate to obovate or oblong-lanceolate, sessile, obtuse to retuse at the apex, entire, leathery, reddish when young
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers with ovary c. 0.6 mm in diam. Drupes subglobose, c. 4 mm in diam., apiculate, red. Male flowers with c. 5 stamens; anthers c. 1.5 mm long Flowers reddish or yellowish, in subcapitate sometimes branched 1–5 cm long inflorescences
Distribution
N1–3; Eritrea, S Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, N Tanzania
Ecology
Altitude range 900–2060 m.
Vernacular
Hais, heis, xamar (Somali, the tree); mirkud, murkut (Somali, the gum).
Note
The species is very closely related to P. lentiscus in the Mediterranean region.

[FTEA]

Anacardiaceae, J. O. Kokwaro (University of Nairobi). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1986

Morphology General Habit
Glabrous evergreen spreading tree 5–15 m. high or more, rarely a shrub, often multi-stemmed; bole up to 0.6 m. in diameter; bark brown-black; twigs and leaves turpentine-scented when crushed; sometimes with reddish crenate leaf-galls or ‘witches’ broom’ stem-galls up to 30 cm. long.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves up to 10 cm. long, parinnate, with the lower leaflets subopposite to alternate, one of the terminal pair occasionally aborting thus making the leaf appear imparipinnate; rachis narrowly winged; leaflets (2–)3–9 pairs, usually 3–4 paired in the Flora area oblong to oblong-lanceolate or ovate, 1–5 cm. long, 0.5–1.5(–2) cm. broad, sessile, usually entire, apex obtuse to emarginate, base cuneate, coriaceous, conspicuously reddish when young.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences compact spikes or racemes 1–5 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers yellowish or purplish; bracts ovate, ± 2 mm. long; bracteoles ± 5, 0.7–1 mm. long, sometimes ciliate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4–6.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupe obliquely globose, 4–5 mm. in diameter, apiculate, green turning red, with mango-like smell when crushed.
Figures
Fig. 7.
Habitat
Upland dry evergreen forest (often with Juniperus) or associated bushland and wooded grassland; 1500–2500 m.
Distribution
K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 T2 U1

[FSOM]
Use
P. aethiopica yields a gum that is of some economic importance and that is also exported.

Native to:

Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda

Pistacia aethiopica Kokwaro appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1950 Hildebrandt, J.M. [1531], Somalia Pistacia lentiscus var. emarginata K000423268 isotype

First published in Kew Bull. 34: 755 (1980)

Accepted by

  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Kokwaro, J.O. (1986). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Anacardiaceae: 1-59.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 2, (1999) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Kokwaro in Kew Bulletin 34: 755 (1980).

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0