Faurea racemosa Farmar

First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1908: 58 (1908)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is S. Malawi, Mozambique (Gúruè Mountains). It is a shrub or tree and grows primarily in the subtropical biome.

Descriptions

Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 9, Part 3. Polygonaceae-Myriaceae. Pope GV, Polhill RM, Martins ES. 2006.

Type
Type:Malawi, Mt. Mulanje, 2130 m, fl. iii.1897, G. Adamson 338 (K, holotype; E).
Morphology General Habit
Tree up to 30 m in height, but not usually more than 15–20 m Tree up to 30 m in height, but not usually more than 15–20 m.
Morphology Branches
Young branches greyish Young branches greyish.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves dark glossy-green, especially on upper surface, narrowly elliptic to broadly lanceolate, up to 10(13) cm long, 3(3.5) cm broad, but mostly smaller, apex acute, ± cuneate at base, margins undulate; midrib red (except on old leaves), midrib prominent beneath; leaves entirely glabrous; petioles 0.5–1 cm long, with short grey appressed hairs when young, glabrescent Young foliage red. Leaves dark glossy-green, especially on upper surface, narrowly elliptic to broadly lanceolate, up to 10(13) cm long, 3(3.5) cm broad, but mostly smaller, apex acute, ± cuneate at base, margins undulate; midrib red (except on old leaves), midrib prominent beneath; leaves entirely glabrous; petioles 0.5–1 cm long, with short grey appressed hairs when young, glabrescent.
Morphology General
Young foliage red
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a dense raceme up to 11 cm long, terminal; peduncle shortly rusty-pubescent; pedicels patent, 2–4(6) mm long, less than 1 mm diameter, shortly rusty-pubescent; lower bracts on flowering raceme deltoid, upper bracts smaller and cupuliform, very shortly rusty pubescent Inflorescence a dense raceme up to 11 cm long, terminal; peduncle shortly rusty-pubescent; pedicels patent, 2–4(6) mm long, less than 1 mm diameter, shortly rusty-pubescent; lower bracts on flowering raceme deltoid, upper bracts smaller and cupuliform, very shortly rusty pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flower buds patent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers 2(3) mm long Anthers 2(3) mm long.
Morphology General Scales
Hypogynous scales triangular, attenuated to the apex, up to 2 mm long. Hypogynous scales triangular, attenuated to the apex, up to 2 mm long.
Ecology
Mainly at edges of mid-altitude and montane forest, but occurs in forest, including Widdringtonia forest, between 1370–2200 m. Also occurs in riparian forest above F. delevoyi.
Note
Although F. racemosa and F. rubriflora both have pedicellate flowers, the flowers of F. racemosa are at least half the size of those of F. rubriflora, are less robust and the perianth is paler in colour. The leaves of F. racemosa are also usually smaller and less coriaceous. F. forficuliflora, with which F. racemosa has been confused in the past, is always a small tree often with sessile flowers, but sometimes with shortly pedicellate flowers like the type specimen. However the perianth in F. forficuliflora is up to twice as long as the perianth in F. racemosa and the species also differ in leaf shape, the leaves of F. forficuliflora often being oblanceolate or obovate. F. forficuliflora is a much more variable species. Only three collections of F. racemosa from Mozambique have been seen and these have less well developed pedicels than those from Malawi, but are the same in all other respects.
Distribution
Not known elsewhere. Mozambique MAL S, MOZ Z Malawi
Morphology General Buds
Flower buds patent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth reddish, white when open, 1.1–1.4 cm long, slender, puberulent. Perianth reddish, white when open, 1.1–1.4 cm long, slender, puberulent
[FZ]

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/108615447/108620152

Conservation
EN - endangered
[IUCN]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0