Faurea saligna Harv.

First published in London J. Bot. 6: 373 (1847)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is South Sudan to S. Africa. It is a tree and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome.

Descriptions

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/112642574/114795954

Conservation
LC - least concern
[IUCN]

Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 9, Part 3. Polygonaceae-Myriaceae. Pope GV, Polhill RM, Martins ES. 2006.

Type
Type from South Africa.
Morphology General Habit
Small to medium-sized tree up to 17 m high, usually with a slender ± straight trunk to first branch Small to medium-sized tree up to 17 m high, usually with a slender ± straight trunk to first branch.
Morphology Branches
Young branchlets light brown with a grey appressed pubescence, glabrescent Young branchlets light brown with a grey appressed pubescence, glabrescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves glaucous green, upper surface sometimes slightly shiny, lanceolate-elliptic or narrowly lanceolate-elliptic, sometimes slightly falcate, up to 16 cm long and rarely more than 3-3.5 cm broad, usually 5-6 times as long as broad, acute at apex with a mucronate tip, tapering towards the base with a distinct petiole up to 1.5 cm long; midrib distinctly visible above but not prominent, on lower surface yellow and prominent, but secondary venation not obviously visible; surfaces entirely glabrous above except when very young, entirely glabrous beneath or sometimes with a few appressed hairs towards the base of the lamina; petioles pink or red, mostly glabrous or with minute appressed hairs Leaves glaucous green, upper surface sometimes slightly shiny, lanceolate-elliptic or narrowly lanceolate-elliptic, sometimes slightly falcate, up to 16 cm long and rarely more than 3-3.5 cm broad, usually 5-6 times as long as broad, acute at apex with a mucronate tip, tapering towards the base with a distinct petiole up to 1.5 cm long; midrib distinctly visible above but not prominent, on lower surface yellow and prominent, but secondary venation not obviously visible; surfaces entirely glabrous above except when very young, entirely glabrous beneath or sometimes with a few appressed hairs towards the base of the lamina; petioles pink or red, mostly glabrous or with minute appressed hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Spikes up to 14 cm long, terminal; peduncle pubescent with greyish hairs; bracts deltoid, puberulous to pubescent Spikes up to 14 cm long, terminal; peduncle pubescent with greyish hairs; bracts deltoid, puberulous to pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth pink in bud, pale green when expanded but pinkish and brownish at base and apex of tube respectively, 1.2 cm long, tube with a slightly bulbous tip in bud 3-4 mm long, pubescent with greyish appressed hairs, densely so when young Perianth pink in bud, pale green when expanded but pinkish and brownish at base and apex of tube respectively, 1.2 cm long, tube with a slightly bulbous tip in bud 3-4 mm long, pubescent with greyish appressed hairs, densely so when young.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers 2.5-3 mm long Anthers 2.5-3 mm long.
Morphology General Scales
Hypogynous scales variable, ovate-triangular, 1–1.5 mm long. Hypogynous scales variable, ovate-triangular, 1–1.5 mm long.
Ecology
Usually found in Brachystegia woodland or in grassland with scattered trees, often common in these areas and sometimes with F. rochetiana, 700–2000 m.
Note
The flowers of F. saligna are fragrant, smelling of coconut or honey. This species can be distinguished by its normally long narrow glaucous green, mostly entirely glabrous, distinctly petiolate leaves clustered at the ends of erect-spreading branchlets giving the whole tree a willow-like appearance. However, broader leaved specimens occur sporadically throughout the Flora Zambesiaca area, particularly to the north and east of the region.
Distribution
Also in Kenya (one collection), Tanzania, Dem. Rep. Congo, Rwanda, Burundi, Angola and South Africa (former Transvaal, KwaZulu-Natal). Mozambique Malawi Botswana Zimbabwe Zambia BOT N, BOT SE, ZAM N, ZAM W, ZAM C, ZAM E, ZAM S, ZIM N, MAL N, MAL C, MOZ N, MOZ Z, MOZ T, MOZ M, MOZ M
[FZ]

Proteaceae, R.K. Brummitt & Serena K. Marner. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1993

Morphology General Habit
Small to medium-sized tree up to 17 m. high, usually with a slender ± straight trunk to first branch.
Morphology Branches
Young branchlets light brown with a grey appressed pubescence, glabrescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves glaucous green, upper surface sometimes slightly shining, lanceolate-elliptic or narrowly lanceolate-elliptic, sometimes slightly falcate, up to 16 cm. long and rarely more than 3-3.5 cm. broad, usually 5-6 times as long as broad, acute at apex with a mucronate tip, tapering towards the base with a distinct petiole up to 1.5 cm. long; midrib distinctly visible above but not prominent, on lower surface yellow and prominent, but secondary venation not obviously visible; surfaces entirely glabrous above except when very young, entirely glabrous beneath or sometimes with a few minute appressed hairs towards the base of the lamina; petioles pink or red, mostly glabrous or with minute appressed hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Spikes up to 12 cm. long, terminal; peduncle pubescent with greyish hairs; bracts deltoid, puberulous to pubescent Perianth pink in bud, pale green when expanded but pinkish and brownish at base and apex of tube respectively, 1.2 cm. long, tube with a slightly bulbous tip in bud 3-4 mm. long, pubescent without with greyish appressed hairs, densely so when young.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers 2.5-3 mm. long.
Morphology General Scales
Hypogynous scales variable, ovate-triangular, 1-1.5 mm. long.
Figures
Fig. 1/9.
Habitat
Usually in Brachystegia woodland or in grassland with scattered trees; 700-1800 m.
Distribution
K4 T2 T4 T5 T7 T8
[FTEA]

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0