Phyllogeiton discolor (Klotzsch) Herzog

First published in Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 15: 169 (1903)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Eritrea to S. Africa, Madagascar, SW. Arabian Peninsula. It is a tree and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome.

Descriptions

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Tree up to 20 m tall; bark reticulately fissured; branchlets glabrous to pubescent, with spreading hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with petiole 3–9 mm long; blade elliptic to ovate or oblong, 2–7.5 x 1–4.5 cm, acute to rounded at the apex, cuneate to truncate at the base, glabrous or minutely pubescent near midrib above, glabrous to densely pubescent and slightly paler beneath; stipules 2–4 mm long, with basal parts united and persistent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers yellowish-green on pedicels 2–8(–10) mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 2–3 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals c. 2 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens with filaments c. 2 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style c. 1 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupe 12–20 x 7–11 mm, yellow.
Distribution
N1; C2; S1 Eritrea, Ethiopia and south to South Africa, Madagascar
Ecology
Altitude range 200–1200 m.
Vernacular
Den, dheen (Somali).
[FSOM]

Rhamnaceae, Marshall C. Johnston (University of Texas Herbarium). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1972

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs or trees usually no more than 10 m. tall but reported occasionally to 25 m. and with trunks 5–7 dm. thick; wood very hard and heavy; bark deeply checked and tending to shed in sheets.
Morphology Branches
Younger branches conspicuously lenticellate; branchlets 2–20 cm. long, leafy, glabrous to densely pubescent with short spreading whitish hairs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite or nearly so; earliest (lowest) blades of emerging branchlets smallish, elliptic-obovate and blunt, later ones larger, elliptic to ovate-oblong, acute (2–)3–5(–9) cm. long, (l.5–)2–3.5(–6) cm. wide, at the base cuneate or usually rounded, at the apex blunt to acute, green above and glabrous or minutely pubescent near the midrib, beneath slightly paler and microvesiculate and glabrous to densely pubescent with short whitish hairs, on each side of midrib with 6–8 (–9) secondary nerves; petioles (4–)8–10(–13) mm. long, glabrous to pubes-cent.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules intra-axillary, 2–4 mm. long, subulate, united about half the length, all but the basal 0.5–1 mm. quickly deciduous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary or usually in fascicles of 2–6 in the axils; pedicels 3–5(–7) mm. long in flower, 4–7(–10) mm. in fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 2–3 mm. long, spreading to reflexed at anthe-sis.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 1.8–2.2 mm. long, spreading or weakly arcuate-ascending.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 1 mm. long, bifid a fourth to a third the length.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk free from the ovary though thick near its base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 12–20 mm. long, 7–11 mm. thick, yellow.
Figures
Fig. 10.
Habitat
Widespread in thicket, semi-desert grassland and wooded grassland (less abundant but reaching its largest size in stream-valleys or riverine forests); 0–2000 m.
Distribution
K1 K2 K3 K4 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T8 U1 Yemen, Ethiopia and Somali Republic south to Angola, South West Africa and South Africa
[FTEA]

Rhamnaceae, R. B. Drummond. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

Morphology General Habit
Tree up to 20 m. or more tall with dense rounded crown; bark very rough and tending to exfoliate in large pieces; branchlets pubescent or glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate towards base of shoots, opposite to subopposite distally; lamina 5–11 × 3–6·6 cm., ovate or obovate-elliptic, midrib and 5–8 pairs of secondary nerves extending to leaf margin very prominent beneath and tertiary venation prominent and subparallel in adult leaves, glabrous or sparingly pubescent especially along the nerves above and below; petiole 5–15 mm. long, glabrous or pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers subfasciculate in axillary 1–10-flowered cymes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels up to 9 mm. long.
Morphology General Buds
Flower-bud 3 mm. in diam., glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals deltate, 2 mm. long, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 1·5–2 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 1·5–2 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk enveloping the ovary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 2-locular, 1 seed per loculus; styles either 0·5 mm. long and notched at the top or 1·5 mm. long and markedly 2-fid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupe yellow, up to 2 × 0·8 cm., ellipsoid, edible.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds c. 10 × 4 mm., compressed.
[FZ]

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/146205371/146205373

Conservation
LC - least concern
[IUCN]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

Uses

Use
The fruits are edible.
[FSOM]

Common Names

English
Bird Plum, Brown ivory

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Plants and People Africa

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    • © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/