Genus:
Ceriops Arn.

Ceriops tagal (Perr.) C.B.Rob.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Djibouti to KwaZulu-Natal, W. Indian Ocean to W. Pacific, Australia.

[FTEA]

Rhizophoraceae, John Lewis. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1956

Morphology General Habit
Glabrous shrub or small bushy-topped tree up to 6 m. tall; bark grey-brown.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves yellow-green; blade broadly elliptic to obovate, 3–9.5 cm. long, 1.4–4.8 cm. broad, apex rounded, base cuneate; petiole up to 2.5 cm. long (in Africa).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence 4–8-flowered; peduncle ± 1 cm. long; bracteoles deltoid, apex obtuse, 2 mm. long; buds ovoid, pentagonous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-tube ± 1.5 mm. long, reddish brown; lobes 5, pale green, triangular, ± 4 mm. long, extreme apex obtuse or acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5, white, oblong, ± 3 × 1 mm., glabrous, truncate apically and bearing (in our area) 3 distinctly clavate appendages.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disc composed of 5 ± separate lobed elements.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 10; filaments white, 3.0 mm. long; anthers ochre, 0.3 mm. long, basifixed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary pale green; placentae axile, biovulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Hypocotyl extended up to 25 cm. long from fruit, sharply longitudinally ridged, ± swollen subdistally, sharply pointed.
Figures
Fig. 2.
Habitat
Intertidal mud-flats and estuaries. Locally common on shoreward side of mangrove formations below high-water mark, but extending up to a mile inland in creeks; not found elsewhere than saline creeks and mud-flats; sea level
Distribution
and widely ranging in the East (as far as New Ireland, Bismarck Arch., New Guinea) like Rhizophora mucronata, but strictly tropical in the northern hemisphere and only slightly subtropical (on the Australian west coast) in the southern. K7 P T3 T6 Z

[FZ]

Rhizophoraceae, A. R. Torre and A. E. Gonçalves. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree up to 6(15) m. high; branches terete or slightly compressed towards the extremities, smooth, with elliptic to ± deltate or subcircular scars of the petioles of the fallen leaves and annular scars of the fallen stipules; bark brown to grey.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-lamina usually 4–9 x 2–5 cm., elliptic to obovate; apex rounded to refuse; base narrowed into the petiole; midrib rather prominent below; petiole usually 1–3 cm. long; stipules 1–2 cm. long, lanceolate, plicate-involute initially, very acute at the apex and truncate at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences (3)4–8-flowered; principal peduncle up to 1·5 cm. long, very shortly or obsoletely 2–3-forked at the apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 5-merous, subsessile; bracts and bracteoles c. 2 mm. long, ± deltate or ovate-circular, obtuse or subrounded at the apex; flower-buds c. 5 x 4 mm., ellipsoid-ovoid, subpentagonal, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx reddish-brown; calyx-tube c. 2·5 mm. long; calyx-lobes c. 5 mm. long, triangular or ovate-triangular, acute at apex, fleshy, abaxial surface glossy, adaxial surface paler and mat, with a longitudinal thickened ridge.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 3·5 x 2 mm., oblong or obovate-oblong, truncate and bearing 3 distinct very short glandular appendages at the apex, shortly cohering a little below the middle by the uncinate-hairy margins, the base slightly narrower than the apex, white or cream.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk composed of 5, ± separate, 2-lobed elements.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 10; filaments 3–4 mm. long, ± filiform, narrowed and bent at the apex and slightly swollen at the base; anthers 0·5–0·7 mm. long, ovoid-sagittate, acute at the apex, ochraceous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary c. 3 mm. long, ovoid, pale green; style c. 1·5 mm. long, thickened at the base and minutely 3-lobed at the apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds Hypocotyl
Hypocotyl extended up to 26 cm. from the fruit while on the tree, sharply longitudinally ridged, ± swollen subdistally.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree to c. 8 m high
Morphology Leaves
Leaves yellowish green; petiole up to 2.5 cm long; blade obovate, 3–9 x 1.5–5 cm, base cuneate, margin entire, apex rounded to emarginate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences 4–8-flowered; peduncle c. 1 cm long; bracts and bracteoles c. 2 mm long; flowers clearly pentagonal in bud
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Calyx c. 5 mm long, lobes triangular, surrounded by the ± fused persisting bracteoles; petals 5, white, c. 3 x 1 mm, with clavate apical appendages; stamens with c. 3 mm long filaments and c. 0.5 mm long anthers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds Hypocotyl
Hypocotyl up to 25 cm long, sharply longitudinally ridged, swollen distally.
Distribution
S2, 3 widespread along the shores of the Indian Ocean, eastwards to W Polynesia.
Ecology
Sea level.
Note
The species has been described under many names but only one synonym from the Flora area has been included here.

Native to:

Aldabra, Andaman Is., Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cambodia, Caroline Is., China Southeast, Comoros, Djibouti, Hainan, India, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malaya, Maluku, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Myanmar, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicobar Is., Northern Territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Queensland, Seychelles, Solomon Is., Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Tanzania, Thailand, Vietnam, Western Australia

Extinct in:

Taiwan

English
Yellow Mangrove

Ceriops tagal (Perr.) C.B.Rob. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Aug 1, 2014 I Made Maduarta (Pung) [IMM s.n. (E)], Bali K000734816 No
Oct 31, 2012 Stone, B.C. [LAE 53602], Papua New Guinea K000720278 No
Oct 26, 2012 Stone [LAE 10483], Papua New Guinea K000720277 No
Mar 4, 2011 Amin Sigun [SAN 126311], Sabah K000720020 No
Mar 4, 2011 Sundaling [SAN 135377], Sabah K000720023 No
Jun 1, 2008 Bakau, I.R.P.A. et al. [145863], Sabah K000512807 No
Jul 6, 2007 Khairuddin [38359], Malaysia K000442859 No
Jul 6, 2007 Ambriansyah et al. [2625], Indonesia K000442860 No
Nov 23, 2004 Chantaranothai, P. et al. [90/375], Thailand K000228067 No
Nov 23, 2004 Takeuchi, W. [15148B], Papua New Guinea K000228073 No
Nov 23, 2004 Takeuchi, W. [15148B], Papua New Guinea K000350384 No
Nov 1, 1958 Wight, R. [995], India K000075563 Yes
Nov 1, 1958 Wight, R. [2450], India K000075549 Yes
Jun 1, 1957 Teysmann, J.E. [s.n.], Indonesia K000075545 isotype Yes
Jun 1, 1957 Forsten, E.A. [s.n.], Maluku K000075555 Yes
Jan 1, 1955 Barclay [s.n.] K000075556 Yes
Jan 1, 1955 Barclay [s.n.], Papua New Guinea K000075554 holotype Yes
Wight, R. [s.n.], India K000075550 Yes
Cunningham, A. [235], Australia K000075552 Yes
Cunningham, A. [235], Australia K000732755 Yes
Law [s.n.], India Ceriops candolleana K000075548 Yes

First published in Philipp. J. Sci., C 3: 306 (1908)

Accepted by

  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1981). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 2: 1-511. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • George, A.S. (ed.) (1984). Flora of Australia 22: 1-239. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hancock, I.R. & Henderson, C.P. (1988). Flora of the Solomon Islands Research Bulletin Dodo Creek Research Station 7: 1-203.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Nasir, E. & Ali, S.I. (eds.) (1980-). Flora of Pakistan 135- Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Rechinger, K.H. (1990). Flora Iranica 166: 1-3. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Sheue, C.R. & al. (2009). Reevaluating the taxonomic status of Ceriops australis (Rhizophoraceae) based on morphological and molecular evidence Botanical Studies 50: 89-100.
  • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
  • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2007). Flora of China 13: 1-548. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • George, A.S. (ed.) (1984). Flora of Australia 22: 1-239. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Rechinger, K.H. (1990). Flora Iranica 166: 1-3. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Sheue, C.R. & al. (2009). Reevaluating the taxonomic status of Ceriops australis (Rhizophoraceae) based on morphological and molecular evidence Botanical Studies 50: 89-100.
  • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2007). Flora of China 13: 1-548. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by I. Friis [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • C. B. Robinson in Philipp. Jour. Sci. 3: 306 (1908).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 472 (1949).

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Somalia

    Flora of Somalia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Living Collection Database

    Common Names from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Living Collection https://www.kew.org/

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0