Family:
Rosaceae Juss.
Genus:
Prunus L.

Prunus africana (Hook.f.) Kalkman

This species is accepted, and its native range is Ghana to Ethiopia and S. Africa, Comoros, Madagascar.

[FZ]

Rosaceae, E. J. Mendes. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
A much-branched evergreen tree c. 10 (up to 25) m. high, or rarely a shrub 3–5 m. tall, entirely glabrous except for the flowers.
Morphology General Bark
Bark dark brown to grey, rugged.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate; lamina (4)6–11(15) x 2–4(5·5) cm., elliptic, lanceolate-elliptic or oblong-lanceolate, glabrous, coriaceous or subcoriaceous, the apex obtuse to subacuminate, the base broadly cuneate to rarely rounded, margins coarsely crenate-serrate to subentire with dark glandular dots in the incisions (the most proximal gland on one or both margins of the leaf sometimes conspicuous); petiole 1–2 cm. long, channelled, often reddish; stipules ± linear, 1·5–2·0 cm. long, caducous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes usually solitary, 2–5(8) cm. long, 7–15-flowered, arising from the axils of scales at the base of lateral shoots which may also produce leaves in their upper part; peduncle usually 5–10 mm. long; pedicels (3)5–7(10) mm. long; bracts triangular, small, soon caducous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth (4)5(6)-merous, sometimes irregularly so.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-tube ± cyathiform, (3·0)3·5–4·0(5·0) mm. in diameter at the mouth, rather fleshy, glabrous outside, usually hairy inside; calyx-lobes 1–1·5 mm. long, triangular, glabrous except for the ciliate apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals up to 2 mm. long, creamy-white, elliptic to oblong, reflexed, hairy abaxially especially towards their margins and sometimes adaxially also.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 25–35; filaments c. 1·5 mm. long, glabrous; anthers didymous, 0·5–1·0 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary ± ovoid, sparsely longhaired; style c. 1·5 mm. long, sparsely haired; stigma peltate, slightly 2-or 3-lobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 5–8 x 8–12 mm., transversely ellipsoid, broader than long, slightly didymous and thus appearing as if 2-locular, dry, usually glabrous, red to purplish-brown.

[FTEA]

Rosaceae, R. A. Graham. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1960

Morphology General Habit
A fine evergreen tree with somewhat pendulous branches, up to 36 m. tall (rarely a shrub to 4.5 m. tall), glabrous except for the flowers.
Morphology General Bark
Bark dark brown to grey, longitudinally fissured; branchlets smooth with lenticels 1–2 mm. long, their rims eminently labial.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves matt or shining, thick and leathery, elliptic-oblong, ovate, or obovate, commonly three times as long as broad and up to 15 × 5.2 cm., acute or obtuse or shortly acuminate, basally shortly cuneate to rounded, crenate-serrate with many shallow serratures each with a black, readily caducous, terminal cusp.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules ± linear, 1.5–2.0 mm. long, caducous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a congested or open, erect, spreading or pendulous, sometimes rather fleshy raceme 3.5–8.0 cm. long, arising singly or in fascicles of 2–4 from axils on the new growth of the preceding year, and sometimes branched from near the base, 7–15-flowered; pedicels (3–)5–7(–11) mm. long, usually ± rigid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-tube 3.5–5.5 mm. in diameter at the mouth, glabrous and often rather fleshy outside; inner receptacle surface often villous; calyx-lobes deltoid, 1.5 mm. long, acute, glabrous or with scattered hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5, creamy-white, spathulate, ± 2 mm. long, ciliate to villous, often revolute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments (1.5–)2 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Style 2 mm. long, usually with at least a few hairs and often villous; stigma 2- or obscurely 3-lobed; ovary ± ovoid, often villous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupe red to dark reddish-brown when ripe, rounded-ellipsoid, up to 0.7 cm. long, 1.1 cm. in diameter, and appearing as if bilocular, the hardened remains of the style persistent as a cusp.
Figures
Fig. 6.
Habitat
Upland rain-forest and riverine forest, or on termite-hills in Brachystegia woodland; 900–3000 m.
Distribution
K1 K3 K4 K5 K6 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T7 T8 U1 U2

[FWTA]

Rosaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petioles red.

Native to:

Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Comoros, Ethiopia, Free State, Ghana, Gulf of Guinea Is., Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Prunus africana (Hook.f.) Kalkman appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Nov 1, 2008 Cheek, M. [13485], Cameroon K000518722
Jun 1, 2004 Biye, E. [112], Cameroon K000746449
Jan 1, 2004 Etuge, M. [4710], Cameroon K000212801
Feb 1, 2002 Cheek, M. [7591], Cameroon K000109642
Feb 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [4373], Cameroon K000109639
Feb 1, 2002 Cheek, M. [7358], Cameroon K000109641
Feb 1, 2002 Cheek, M. [7254], Cameroon K000109643
Feb 1, 2002 Cheek, M. [7600], Cameroon K000109644
Feb 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [1678], Cameroon K000109640
Feb 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [2281], Cameroon K000337848
Feb 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [3484], Cameroon K000337849
Jun 1, 1964 Mann G. [1207], Cameroon K000107420 Unknown type material
Jun 1, 1964 Mann G. [1207], Cameroon K000107419 Unknown type material
Jun 1, 1964 Rutherford-Smith, R. [103], Zimbabwe K000049608
Jun 1, 1964 Chase, N.C. [1762], Zimbabwe K000049607
Apr 1, 1964 Tiku, D.A. [FHI 22232], Cameroon K000107416
Kwatha, R.B. [239], Malawi K000049601
Banda, E.A. [2088], Malawi K000049595
Balaka, J.L. [1197], Malawi K000049597
Chapman, J.D. [9357], Malawi K000049596
Kaunda, K. [83], Malawi K000049599
Chase, N.C. [6198], Zimbabwe K000049609
Chase, N.C. [8442], Zimbabwe K000049605
Goldsmith, B. [66/66], Zimbabwe K000049606
Chase, N.C. [7853], Zimbabwe K000049615
Müller, T. [1672], Malawi K000049602
Maitland, T.D. [495], Cameroon K000107414
Brunt, M.A. [978], Cameroon K000107418
Chase, N.C. [6198], Zimbabwe K000049613
Chase, N.C. [7853], Zimbabwe K000049614
Mann, G. [2165], Cameroon K000107415
Thomas, D.W. [2945], Cameroon K000107413
Timberlake, J. [s.n.], Malawi K000614827
Müller, T. [505], Mozambique K000049604
Timberlake, J. [5269], Mozambique K000613998
Tawakali, E.J. [347], Malawi K000049600
Müller, T. [1543], Malawi K000049603
Biegel, H.M. [2410], Zimbabwe K000049610
Pardy, A.A. [29/56], Zimbabwe K000049612
Timberlake, J. [s.n.], Malawi K000614826
Nachamba, W. [74], Malawi K000049598
Davies, R.M. [2503], Zimbabwe K000049611
Milne-Redhead, E. [10877], Tanzania Pygeum africanum 11659.000

First published in Blumea 13(1): 33 (1965)

Accepted by

  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Pankhurst, R. in Pankhurst, R. (2007-2013). Rosaceae database [IOPI].
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1978). Flora du Rwanda 1: 1-413. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Graham, R.A. (1960). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Rosaceae: 1-61.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1978). Flora du Rwanda 1: 1-413. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.

  • Flora Zambesiaca

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  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

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  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
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  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

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  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

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