Mendoncia Vell. ex Vand.

First published in Fl. Lusit. Bras. Spec.: 43 (1788)
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Mexico to Tropical America, Tropical Africa, Comoros, Madagascar.


Native to:

Angola, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, French Guiana, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Honduras, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Venezuela, Zaïre

Extinct in:



Heterotypic Synonyms

Accepted Species


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POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Magnaghi, E.B. & Daniel, T.F. (2017). Systematics of Mendoncia (Acanthaceae: Thubergioideae) in the Paleotropics. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, ser. 4, 64: 37-94.

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Benoist in Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. 31: 386 (1925), Notulae Syst. 11: 139 (1944).
  • Fl. Lusit. 43, t. 3, f. 22 (1788)

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. 31: 386 (1925)
  • DC., Prodr. 11: 50 (1847)
  • Fl. Lusit. & Bras.: 43, t. 3, fig. 22 (1788)
  • G.P. 2: 1072 (1876)
  • Int. J. Plant Sci. 159: 446 (1998)
  • Notul. Syst. 11: 139 (1944)

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jun 1, 2023 Acevedo-Rdgz, P.; Razafindraibe, H.V.; Pela, A. [14477] Madagascar K001561084 Yes
Oct 1, 2013 Plot Voucher [B 187] Cameroon K000749699 No
Aug 1, 2013 Cable, S. [3884] Cameroon K000109309 Yes
Aug 1, 2013 Cable, S. [3884] Cameroon K000190129 Yes
Aug 1, 2013 Etuge, M. [2769] Cameroon K000109310 Yes
Apr 1, 2012 Antilahimena, P. [2050] Madagascar K000662307 Yes
Jan 1, 1972 Prance, G.T.; Maas, P.J.M.; Kubitzki, K.; Steward, W.C.; Ramos, J.F.; Pinheiro, W.S.; Lima, J.F. [12369] Brazil K001032273 Yes
Santos, R.R. [1807] Brazil K001032365 Yes
Cable, S. [3884] Cameroon K:SPC-61722.000 No
Iharivolana; Havinga, A.M. [Ih 095] Madagascar K001572054 No
Iharivolana; Havinga, A.M. [Ih 110] Madagascar K001572055 No
Havinga, A.M.; Iharivolana [AMH 315] Madagascar K001572072 No
Havinga, A.M.; Iharivolana [AMH 339] Madagascar K001572068 No
Antilahimena, P. [8168] Madagascar K001890795 No
Razafindrahaja, V.; Rasoazanany, H.; Bernard, R.; Felix.; Edmond. [295] Madagascar K001890771 No
Krukoff, B.A. [8441] Brazil K001032371 Yes
Klug, G. [2009] Peru K000533977 Type Yes
Germain, R. [2224] Congo, Democratic Republic of the K000393678 Isotype Yes
Miquel [s.n.] K001032275 Yes
Prance, G. [20766] Brazil K001032300 Yes
Prance, G.T. [20522] Brazil K001032297 Yes
Harley, R.M. [17867] Brazil K001106905 Yes
Prance, G.T. [16312] Brazil K001032277 Yes
Krukoff, B.A. [1747] Brazil K001032280 Yes
Antilahimena, P. [1324] Madagascar K000662306 No
Antilahimena, P.; Razafindrahaja, V.; Rabarison, H.; Ratolojanahary, T. [8611] Madagascar K001890768 No
Havinga, A.M.; Iharivolana [AMH 204] Madagascar K001572070 No
Iharivolana; Havinga, A.M. [Ih 274] Madagascar K001572049 No
Iharivolana; Havinga, A.M. [Ih 352] Madagascar K001572050 No
Havinga, A.M.; Iharivolana [AMH 394] Madagascar K001572056 No
Etuge, M. Cameroon K:SPC-63851.000 No
Prance, G.T. [7806] Brazil K001032276 Yes
Rasoazanany, H.; Antilahimena, P.; Bernard, R.; Razafindraibe, H.; Edmond, F.; Tafita, R. [388] Madagascar K001768948 Yes
Bernard, R.; Rasoazanany, H.; Antilahimena, P.; Razafindraibe, H.; Tafita, F; Tafita, E; Tafita, R. [266] Madagascar K001639443 Yes
Bernard, R.; Rasoazanant, H.; Antilahimena, P.; Felix.; Edmond.; Razafindrahaja, V.; Félix.; Randrimitantsoa, J.; Rabarison, H. [2017] Madagascar K001890791 No
Antilahimena, P.; Bernard, R.; Rasoazanany, H.; Felix.; Edmond.; Razafindraibe, H.; Ratolojanahary, T. [8466] Madagascar K001890784 No
Havinga, A.M.; Iharivolana [AMH 176] Madagascar K001572053 No
Havinga, A.M.; Iharivolana [AMH 200] Madagascar K001572057 No
Acevedo-Rdgz, P.; Razafindraibe, H.V.; Pela, A. [14486] Madagascar K001561086 Yes
Clarke, H.D.; Williams, R.; Perry, C.; Tripp, E.; Kelly, J.; Gittens, D.; Stern, S.R. [10205] Guyana K001590285 Yes
Antilahimena, P.; Bernard, R.; Rasozanany, H.; Edmond, F.; Razafindraibe, H.; Tafita, R. [8508] Madagascar K001769382 No
Bernard, R.; Rasozanany, H.; Antilahimena, P.; Razafindraibe, H.; Edmond, F.; Tafita, R. [1933] Madagascar K001769387 No
Krukoff, B.A. [5574] Brazil K001032369 Yes
Krukoff, B.A. [8289] Brazil K001032368 Yes
Mori, S. [10654] Brazil K001032298 Yes
Lima, J. [777] Brazil K001032278 Yes
Antilahimena, P. [8155] Madagascar K001890796 No
Rasoazanany, H.; Ratolojanahary, T. [60] Madagascar K001890769 No
Razafindragaja, V.; Antilahimena, P. [213] Madagascar K001890772 No
Edwards, K.S.; Roe, T. & Thompson, R. [358] Venezuela K001567277 Yes
Pipoly, J. [6876] Brazil K001032299 Yes
Santos, R.R. [1480] Brazil K001032366 Yes
Lieiras, E. [P17457] Brazil K001032281 Yes
Lleras, E. [16598] Brazil K001032367 Yes
Milliken, W. [1977] Brazil K001032295 Yes
Milliken, W. [2405] Brazil K001032296 Yes
Harley, R.M.; Mayo, S.J.; Storr, R.M.; Santos, T.S.; Pinheiro, R.S. [17867] Brazil K001106904 Yes
Lawrance, A., E. [761] Colombia K000533982 Unknown Type Material Yes
Harley, R.M. [17867] Brazil K001106903 Yes
Krukoff, B.A. [5574] Brazil K001032364 Yes
Steward, W.C. [12758] Brazil K001032370 Yes
Etuge, M. [2769] Cameroon K:SPC-63795.000 No
Taylor, E.L. [1166] Brazil K001032279 Yes
Prance, G.T. [16704] Brazil K001032282 Yes
Etuge, M. [2769] Cameroon K:SPC-63291.000 No
Harley, R.M. [17196] Brazil K001106906 Yes
Krukoff, B.A. [8289] Brazil K001032372 Yes
Sellow [s.n.] Brazil K000533988 Type Yes
Silva, M.N. [340] Brazil K001032274 Yes
Cid Ferreira, C.A. [4520] Brazil K001032294 Yes
Prance, G.T. [29538] Brazil K001032301 Yes


  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants.
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants.