Monodora angolensis Welw.

First published in Apont.: 587 (1859)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Tropical Africa. It is a tree and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome.

Descriptions

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/132680437/133046240

Conservation
LC - least concern
[IUCN]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

Annonaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or tree 3–20 m. tall, with trunk about 40 cm. in diameter; bark nearly black, vertically shallowly furrowed of rugose; branchlets glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades oblong-elliptic, obovate or oblanceolate, (2.5–)4.5–18(–20) cm. long, (1.5–)2–7(–8.5) cm. wide, acuminate at the apex, cuneate or rounded at the base, subcoriaceous or thin, glabrous, glaucous; venation prominent on both surfaces.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary or paired, axillary or extra-axillary, hanging, fragrant; pedicels 1.5–8 cm. long, glabrous; bracteoles round or broadly ovate, 5–10 mm. long and wide, acuminate, amplexicaul, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals green, tinged or speckled with red or purple, ovate-lanceolate, 0.5–1 cm. long, 3–6 mm. wide, subacute, the margins undulate, sometimes ciliate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Outer petals greenish-yellow or orange spotted with red, white or purple at the base or sometimes purple with yellow veining below, yellow-green with purple mottling above, ovate-oblong, 3–6 cm. long, 1.5–3 cm. wide, obtuse or acute, spreading at the base, curved above with undulate margins, glabrous;inner petals white or pink or tinged yellow, sometimes minutely purple mottled along the margins, often with 2 yellow marks at the base, broadly ovate, rounded or ± sagittate, (0.4–)0.6–1.5 cm. long, (0.5–)0.9–1.5(–1.9) cm. wide, the claw (0.3–)0.6–1 cm. long, attenuate, acute or apiculate at the apex, at first usually connivent, later erect, ciliate, pubescent or glabrous on the margins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens almost round, ± 0.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary conical, ± 1 mm. long, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruiting pedicel ± 3–8 cm. long, thick; fruit hanging, globose or ovoid, 5–9 cm. long, 4.5–7 cm. wide, longitudinally ribbed, rugose, glabrous, the pericarp thick and coriaceous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds chestnut, ovoid or irregularly ellipsoidal, 1–1.5 cm. long, 0.8–1 cm. wide, 7 mm. thick, compressed, smooth and shining.
Figures
Fig. 28.
Habitat
Evergreen forest of closed mixed type, also riverine forest; 950–1350 m.
Distribution
Cameroun to Sudan, Zambia and Angola T4 U1 U2 U4
[FTEA]

Annonaceae, N. K. B. Robson. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or tree, 3–20 m. high, almost completely glabrous.
Morphology Branches
Branches dark purple.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate; lamina (4.5) 6.5–18.5 (20) x (2) 2.8–7 (8.5) cm., oblong or elliptic to obovate or oblanceolate, acuminate or cuspidate at the apex, cuneate to ± rounded at the base, subcoriaceous; petiole 2–8 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary or rarely paired, axillary or extra-axillary, pendulous, appearing with the mature leaves, scented; pedicel 1.5–6 (8) cm. long, slender; bracteole 5–10 mm. long, orbicular or ovate, acuminate or apiculate, amplexicaul.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 5–10 mm. long, triangular-lanceolate, subacute, recurved, with ± undulate and sometimes ciliate margins, green or purplish-spotted.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals (outer) greenish-yellow to orange with purplish spots, whitish or pink-flushed towards the base, 3–6 x 1.5–3 cm., ovate or oblong, obtuse to acute or attenuate, widely spreading with undulate margins, the inner ones white or pink, often with two yellow spots at the base of the lamina, (0.4) 0.6–1.1 x (0.5) 0.9–1.5 (1.9) cm., broadly ovate or sagittate, obtuse or cuspidate, with a claw (0.3) 0.7–1.0 cm. long, erect or ± connivent, with margins glabrous or ± pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens c. 0.5 mm. long, oblong or ± orbicular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary c. 1 mm. long, ± conic.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 5–9 x 4.5–7 cm., globose or ovoid-conic, rugose with very prominent longitudinal and reticulate ridges, mottled green and white, glabrous, pendulous, on an elongate pedicel up to c. 8 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds c. 1.3 cm. long, ± flattened-ovoid, smooth, brown.
[FZ]

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0