Monodora grandidieri Baill.

First published in Adansonia 8: 301 (1868)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is S. Somalia to Mozambique. It is a scrambling shrub or tree and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome.

Descriptions

Annonaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree (1.5–)2.5–12 m. tall, usually much branched and occasionally somewhat climbing; bark thin, pale brown or grey, smooth; young branchlets dark, at first greyish pubescent, later glabrous, lenticellate.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades obovate or oblong to oblanceolate, 2–20(–24) cm. long, 1.5–8.2 (–8.7) cm. wide, rounded, apiculate or shortly acuminate at the apex, cordate at the base, thin or sometimes eventually somewhat coriaceous, bluish-green, sometimes glaucous beneath, ± densely softly pubescent on both surfaces or practically glabrous save for ciliate margins; venation reticulate and prominent on both surfaces; petioles 2–3(–5) mm. long, often blackish, pubescent; shoot-buds enveloped in convex imbricate rugulose dark brown coriaceous scales, 4–7(–ll) mm. long, 4(–8) mm. wide, glabrous save for ciliate margins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary, terminal or extra-axillary, appearing with or just before the young leaves, mostly on the older branches; pedicels2–5.7(–7.3) cm. long, slender, pubescent; bracteole ovate, 5–9 mm. long, 7 mm. wide, narrowed at apex, clasping at the base, glabrous above, adpressed pubescent beneath.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals green or red with green veins, lanceolate or narrowly triangular, 1–2 cm. long, 3–5.5 mm. wide, acute, recurved, margins undulate, densely silky, pubescent outside, almost glabrous inside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals whitish or yellowish, often streaked with green, speckled, margined or flushed with red or apricot, the inner sometimes entirely red; outer oblance-olate-spathulate, or linear, (3–)3.7–6.5 cm. long, 0.5–1.8(–2.6) cm. wide, acute or acuminate, recurved, margins undulate, densely pubescent outside, less so inside; inner rounded-sagittate, triangular or rhomboid, 0.7–0.9(–1.6) cm. long, 1.2–1.6 cm. wide, with a prominent claw 0.7–0.9(–1.3) cm. long, erect, ± connivent, pilose towards the apex, pubescent towards the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens white, oblong-cuneiform, ± 1 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary globose or conic, ± 1 mm. long, glabrous save for stigmas.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruiting pedicel 6–8 cm. long; fruit green and white mottled, obovoid, round or ellipsoid, (4–)5–7.5 cm. long, (3.2–)4–4.5 cm. wide, glabrous, but finely rugose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds chestnut, ellipsoid or irregularly ellipsoid, often wedge-like in section, 1.3–2.6 cm. long, 1–1.8 cm. wide, 0.9–1.1 cm. thick.
Habitat
Evergreen forest (particularly Fernandoa, Combretum, Markhamia, Ficus and Adansonia associations on coral), also in rain-forest, evergreen thicket and bushland, Brachystegia, Julbernardia thicket and wooded grassland; 0–900 m.
Distribution
K7 T3 T6 T8 Z
[FTEA]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

Annonaceae, N. K. B. Robson. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree (1.5) 2.5–12 m. high, much-branched, sometimes subscandent.
Morphology Branches
Branches spreading or pendulous, dark purple, buff-pubescent at first, eventually glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate; lamina 7.5–20 (24) x 3.5–8.2 (8.7), obovate to oblanceolate (or oblong when young), obtuse or rounded to apiculate or shortly acuminate at the apex, cordate at the base, membranous or subcoriaceous, bluish-green and concolorous or glaucous below, ± densely and softly pubescent on both sides or almost glabrous, usually with ciliate margin, with nerves and reticulate venation ± prominent on both sides; petiole 2–3 (5) mm. long, often blackish, softly pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary, terminal or extra-axillary appearing with the young leaves; pedicel 2–5.7 (7.3) cm. long, slender, pubescent; bracteole ovate, attenuate, ± amplexicaul, glabrous above, appressed-pubescent below.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals c. 1–2 cm. long, lanceolate or narrowly triangular, acute or attenuate, recurved with undulate margins, ± densely sericeous-pubescent below, almost glabrous above.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals yellow to greenish-white, variously flushed with pink or red to dark brown, or the inner ones wholly reddish, the outer ones (3) 3.7–6.5 cm. long, 0.5–1.8 (2.6) cm. broad in the upper part, oblanceolate or spathulate to linear with a broadened base, acute to acuminate or cuspidate, recurved with undulate margins, more densely pubescent below than above, the inner ones 0.7–0.9 (1.3) x 0.7–1.2 (1.4) cm., sagittate to triangular or rhomboid, acute or acuminate, with a claw 0.7–0.9 (1.3) cm. long, erect, ± connivent, setose-pilose towards the apex, pubescent towards the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 1 mm. long, oblong-cuneiform.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary c. 1 mm. long, globose or conic, glabrous except the stigmas.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 5–7.5 x 4–4.5 cm., obovoid or ellipsoid, finely rugose, not ridged, mottled green and white, glabrous (? or shortly pubescent), pendulous, on an elongate pedicel 6–8 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 2–2.5 cm. long, bean-shaped, smooth, reddish-brown.
[FZ]

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/132683286/133046250

Conservation
LC - least concern
[IUCN]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree, sometimes scandent; young branchlets greyish pubescent
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades obovate to oblanceolate, 2–20 x 1.5–8.2 cm, rounded to shortly acuminate at the apex, cordate at the base, ± densely and softly pubescent on both surfaces; venation reticulate, prominent; petioles 2–3(–5) mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracteole ovate, 5–9 mm long, clasping at the base, persistent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals lanceolate, 10–20 x 3–5.5 mm, pubescent outside
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals whitish or yellowish, speckled, margined or flushed with red; the outer oblanceolate-spatulate (3–)3.7–6.5 cm long, densely pubescent outside; the inner 0.7–0.9(–1.6) cm long, clawed, pilose towards the apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens c. 1 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit obovoid, globose or ellipsoid (4–)5–7.5 cm long, glabrous, finely rugulose.
Distribution
S3; E Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, Malawi
Ecology
Altitude range c. 20–50 m.
[FSOM]

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0