Monodora junodii Engl. & Diels

First published in Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 2: 301 (1899)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is SE. Kenya to E. KwaZulu-Natal. It is a shrub or tree and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome.

Descriptions

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/62587/133041916

Conservation
LC - least concern
[IUCN]

Annonaceae, N. K. B. Robson. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree, (1.2) 2–7 m. high, erect, sometimes virgate.
Morphology Branches
Branches blackish-purple with pale lenticels at first, turning silvery-grey, glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate; lamina 6.5–16.5 (17.5) x 3–5.5 (7) cm., narrowly oblanceolate to obovate or elliptic-oblong, rounded or obtuse to acuminate at the apex, cuneate to rounded at the base, usually ± membranous, glabrous, often with a reddish midrib; petiole 1–6 mm. long, blackish, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary, extra-axillary or in the axils of fallen leaves, pendulous, appearing with the young leaves, scentless; pedicels 0.8–2.0 cm. long (or rarely to 4 cm. long), sparsely pubescent or glabrescent; bracteole 3–9 mm. long, ovate to orbicular, rounded, amplexicaul, glabrescent except for a marginal fringe.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals c. 5–10 (14) mm. long, elliptic to ovate or orbicular, obtuse or rounded, sparsely pubescent, spreading, with plane margins, green.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals yellow or greenish at first, the inner ones with a reddish base, all turning purple-brown, the outer ones 2–3.5 (4.5) x 1.6–2.7 cm., obovate to broadly elliptic or suborbicular, rounded to obtuse or bluntly acuminate, widely spreading with plane margins, sparsely pubescent or puberulous, the inner ones (0.6) 1–1.6 x (0.9) 1.4–2.1 cm., broadly ovate to subhastate, obtuse or rounded to cuspidate, with a claw (0.5) 0.7–1.0 cm. long, erect or ± spreading, pubescent except for the glossy upper side of the claw.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens c. 0.5 mm. long, oblong.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary c. 0.75 mm. long, globose, sparsely pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit c. 4–5 cm. in diam., ± globose, wrinkled or lightly vertically ridged, mottled green-grey and brown, glabrous, reflexed, on a pedicel c. 1–3 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds c. 1.5–2 cm. long, ± flattened-ovoid, smooth, yellow-brown.
[FZ]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

Annonaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree (1.2–)2–7 m. tall; branchlets blackish-purple with pale lenticels, glabrous, later turning grey.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades oblanceolate to obovate or elliptic-oblong, 6.5–16.5(–17.5) cm. long, 3–5.5(–7) cm. wide, rounded to acuminate at the apex, cuneate to rounded at the base, thin, glabrous; venation reticulate and prominent on both surfaces when mature; petioles 1–6 mm. long, glabrous; bud-scales as in 6, M. grandidieri.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary, extra-axillary or in axils of fallen leaves, pendulous, appearing with the young leaves; pedicels 0.8–2(–4) cm. long, pubescent or glabrous; bracteole ovate or round, 3–9 mm. long, 3.5–6 mm. wide, rounded, clasping at the base, glabrescent or ciliate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals green, elliptic, ovate or round, 0.5–1 (–1.7) cm. long, 4–9(–12.5) mm. wide, mostly obtuse, margins not crinkled, sparsely pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals yellow or greenish, at first the inner ones with a reddish base, later all purple-brown; outer obovate to broadly elliptic or rounded, 2–3.5 (–4.5) cm. long, 1.6–2.7 cm. wide, rounded or bluntly acuminate, sparsely puberulous or pubescent, sometimes only on the margins, the margins not crinkled; inner broadly ovate to subhastate, (0.6–)1–1.6 cm. long, (0.9–)1.4–2.2(–3) cm. wide, obtuse to cuspidate, the claw (0.5–)0.7–l cm. long, pubescent or pilose save for inner side of the claw.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens oblong, 0.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary globose, 0.75 mm. long, sparsely pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruiting pedicel 1–3 cm.long; fruit green and brownish mottled, globose, 4–5 cm. in diameter, wrinkled or somewhat vertically ridged, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds pale brown, ellipsoid or ovoid, compressed, 1.5–2 cm. long, 1–1.2 cm. wide.
Habitat
Evergreen forest, woodland; 200–1590 m.
Distribution
T3 T5 T6 T8
[FTEA]

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0