Family:
Rubiaceae Juss.

Belonophora coffeoides Hook.f.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

[FZ]

Rubiaceae, D.M.Bridson & B.Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 5:3. 2003

Morphology General Habit
Large shrub or small tree (1.5)3–12 m high.
Morphology Stem
Young stems dark, shiny and wrinkled when dry, older stems covered with pale corky bark.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 6.5–20(27) × 1.7–9(12.5) cm, oblong or oblanceolate-oblong to elliptic-obovate, sharply acuminate at the apex, cuneate at the base, thinly coriaceous, glabrous; venation obscure above; petiole 0.5–1.3 cm long; stipules 1–1.8 cm long, subulate, attenuate from a triangular base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences 3–10-flowered, in dense fascicles up to 1.5 × 2 cm, mostly in the axils of fallen leaves; bracteoles 1 × 1 mm, ovate, ciliate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers scented, ± dimorphic.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx tube 2 mm long; lobes c. 1–2 mm long and wide, elliptic, rounded, usually ciliate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white; tube 9–17(19) mm long; lobes 3–9(11) × 1–4(4.5) mm, finely appressed pubescent outside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers 4.5–5.5 mm long, their tips 1–4(6) mm below the throat.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma borne level with anthers or well below them.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits red, 1.2–1.3(1.7) × 1–1.5 cm; stipe c. 4 mm long.

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

Belonophora coffeoides Hook.f. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Hooker's Icon. Pl. 12: t. 1127 (1873)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Copyright applied to individual images