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This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Zimbabwe to KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique Channel Islands.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium


Rubiaceae, D.M.Bridson & B.Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 5:3. 2003

Morphology General Habit
Shrub 1–3.5 m tall; young branches puberulous, with light brown bark.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves deciduous, borne on young or less often mature stems or on short spurs; blades 2.2–7 × 1–3.4 cm, narrowly elliptic to broadly elliptic in shape, obtuse at the apex or rarely subacuminate, acute at the base, papery to subcoriaceous, usually slightly shiny above, with cellular pattern usually visible (with ×10 lens) on the surface, midrib prominent above, lateral and tertiary nerves apparent or somewhat obscure on both surfaces, marginal nerves apparent on lower surface only; lateral nerves in 4–6 main pairs; domatia with cavities incompletely or completely defined, sparsely pubescent to pubescent or occasionally absent; petiole 1–2.5 mm long; stipules 1.75–3.5 mm long altogether, triangular at the base, aristate above.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 5–9(12)-merous, precocious or sometimes occurring with the leaves; 1(2) single-flowered inflorescences per axil or very occasionally with 2–3 flowers in a fascicled inflorescence; inflorescence stalks often covered with sticky exudate, 1–5 mm long, hidden by cupules or exposed; cupules 2–3, overlapping or not, with short foliar lobes; bracteolar cupule often present, ± truncate but deeply divided; bractlets scale-like, often numerous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx limb shorter than or ± equalling the disk, repand to denticulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla tube 6–12 mm long, 2–4 mm wide at top; lobes 6–13 × 2–7 mm, rounded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit purplish to black when mature (or red fide Palmer & Pitman loc. cit. supr.), 9–11 × 6 mm; whole stalks lengthening to 4–7 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed fawn-coloured, 5–7 × 3–4 mm.

Doubtfully present in:

Northern Provinces

Native to:

KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Swaziland, Zimbabwe

Coffea racemosa Lour. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Mar 1, 1993 Swynnerton, C.F.M. [578], Mozambique K000430916 Unknown type material
Swynnerton, C.F.M. [578], Mozambique K000097912 syntype
White, R.J. [6], Mozambique K000097920

First published in Fl. Cochinch.: 145 (1790)

Accepted by

  • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
  • Davis, A.P., Govaerts, R., Bridson, D.M. & Stoffelen, P. (2006). An annotated taxonomic conspectus of the genus Coffea (Rubiaceae) Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 152: 465-512.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.