Skip to main content
This variety is accepted, and its native range is Subarctic America to U.S.A.
Cypripedium parviflorum var. pubescens

[C-EM]
Ecology

A plant of rich woods growing in heavy damp humusrich but well-drained soils in partial shade, also on rocky hillsides, along streams, in meadows and clearings, in shallow turfy depressions on treeless limestone barrens and plateau in peaty soil, and in talus of limestone cliffs. It thrives in limestone areas, but the soils are usually neutral to slightly acidic; sea level to 2000 m. Flowers from May to July depending on latitude, habitat, climate, and soils.

General Description

An erect herb 10-80 cm tall, more or less densely glandular hairy throughout, often forming clumps, with short stout creeping rhizomes with fibrous roots. Erect stems terete, leafy above, covered by three more or less pubescent tubular sheaths below. Leaves pleated strongly, many-nerved, three to five (rarely six), elliptic to ovate or ovate-lanceolate, acute to acuminate, 5-20 cm long, 2.1-10 cm wide, somewhat two-ranked, sheathing the stem below, bright green, pubescent above and below on veins, ciliate. Inflorescence one- or two-flowered; rhachis terete, glandular hairy; bracts leaf-like, ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, 2.9-10 cm long, 0.8-4 cm wide, pubescent and ciliate. Flowers medium-sized to large, showy, the sepals and petals yellow or greenish usually suffused and streaked with rusty brown or dull brown, tIle lip yellow with ma.. genta spots and streaks within, the staminode yellow with red spotting; pedicel and ovary 2-3.2 cm long, reddish glandular hairy. Dorsal sepal suberect to porrect, lanceolate, acuminate, 2.5-7(-8.5) cm long, 1.4-3.5 cm wide, often undulate and slightly spirally twisted. Synsepal similar but bidentate at apex, 2.3-8 cm long, 1.4-2.5 cm wide, incurved behind lip and with lateral margins somewhat reflexed. Petals spreading-deflexed at 45 to 60° below horizontal, spirally twisted one to three times, rarely untwisted, linear-tapering, acuminate, 3-7(-9) cm long, 0.5-1 cm wide, pubescent on mid-vein and at base within. Lip ellipsoidal, obovoid or subreniform, with a small mouth, 2-5.2 cm long, 1.5-2.5 cm wide; apical margins incurved, incurved sides with a pleat on each side at the base. Column short, c. 1 cm long; staminode subsessile, concave towards apex, conduplicate, triangular-ovate, blunt, 1-1.2 cm long, 0.7-1 cm wide; filaments extending beyond anthers, subacute.

Distribution

Canada (from the Yukon and British Colombia across to the eastern seaboard and Newfoundland), U.S.A. (from southeastern Alaska, Washington and Oregon across to the eastern seaboard and south to Louisiana, Texas, New Mexico and Arizona). Common in the eastern parts of its range but rarer in the west and south.

Biology

Flowers from May to July depending on latitude, habitat, climate, and soils.

Native to:

Alabama, Alaska, Alberta, Arizona, Arkansas, British Columbia, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Labrador, Louisiana, Maine, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Newfoundland, North Carolina, Northwest Territorie, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Québec, Rhode I., Saskatchewan, Tennessee, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Yukon

Cypripedium parviflorum var. pubescens (Willd.) O.W.Knight appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Dryden, K., USA 62761.000
Dryden, K., USA 62762.000
Baker, W.J. [WJB 753] 63241.011
Fay [18786] 73213.000
Fay [19107] 73616.000
Cypripedium pubescens 20339.000
Cypripedium pubescens 5790.000
Gouldie [s.n.], Canada Cypripedium pubescens K000363724
Drummond [s.n.], USA Cypripedium pubescens K000363740
Adams Fritchey, J.Q. [s.n.], USA Cypripedium pubescens K000363722
Chickering, J.W. [s.n.], USA Cypripedium pubescens K000363723
Schwarz, V.T., USA Cypripedium calceolus var. pubescens 45331.000
Cypripedium calceolus var. pubescens 57352.000

First published in Rhodora 8: 93 (1906)

Accepted by

  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2002). Flora of North America North of Mexico 26: 1-723. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.

Cypripedioideae: e-monocot.org

  • von Willdenow, C.L. Original description of Cypripedium parviflorum var. pubescens. 8, (1906).

Cypripedioideae: e-monocot.org
All Rights Reserved

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/