Family:
Rubiaceae Juss.

Oldenlandia pumila (L.f.) DC.

This species is accepted, and its native range is India to Malaya, Jawa.

[FTEA]

Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb, much branched at the base; stems mostly prostrate, 3–17 cm. long, scabridulous on the ribs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades elliptic to elliptic-lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, 0.5–1.6(–3) cm. long, 1–6 mm. wide, acute at the apex, narrowed to the base, minutely sparsely scabrid-setulose above, distinctly scabridulous on the margins, ± glabrous beneath; petioles not developed; stipule-sheath 0.5–2 mm. long, produced at the middle, with 3–5 unequal fimbriae up to 0.8(–1.2) mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers not heterostylous, usually solitary at the nodes, rarely apparently in terminal pedunculate 2–3-flowered cymes, or in axillary 2-flowered cymes; peduncle 3–9 mm. long; pedicels ± 2–3 mm. long, lengthening to 1.1(–1.9) cm. in fruit, sometimes minutely scabridulous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-tube ellipsoid to subglobose, ± 1 mm. long; lobes triangular, 1–1.2(–3) mm. long, 0.5–1 mm. wide, minutely setulose on the margins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white; tube 1 mm. long; lobes ovate, 0.6–0.7 mm. long and wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Style 0.8–1 mm. long, hairy; stigma-lobes 0.7 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule oblong-ovoid, usually distinctly taller than wide, ± 2–3 mm. long, 1.5–2.2 (–2.8) mm. wide, beak 0.2–0.7 mm. tall.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds brown, obtusely broadly conic or ellipsoid, ± 0.3 mm. long, strongly reticulate.
Figures
Fig. 41/32, p. 271.
Habitat
Dried black cotton soil along lake shores (but unknown for Tanzania specimen); 480–990 m.
Distribution
T6 U2 an Asian species (India, Indo-China, W. part of Malesia) introduced into Africa and also found as a weed in Jamaica

Native to:

Andaman Is., Bangladesh, India, Jawa, Malaya, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam

Introduced into:

China Southeast, Christmas I., Fiji, Jamaica, Tanzania, Uganda

Oldenlandia pumila (L.f.) DC. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6200] Hedyotis pumila K001123276 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6200], India Hedyotis pumila K001123278 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6200] Hedyotis pumila K001123274 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6200] Hedyotis pumila K001123275 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6200] Hedyotis pumila K001123277 Yes
Wall cat [6200], India Oldenlandia crystallina K000173186 Yes
Griffith [2912], India Oldenlandia crystallina K000173185 Yes
Griffith [s.n.], India Oldenlandia crystallina K000173183 Yes
Wight [1308], India Oldenlandia crystallina K000173184 Yes

First published in Prodr. 4: 425 (1830)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Backer, C.A. & Bakhuizen van den Brink, R.C. in Backer, C.A. & Bakhuizen van den Brink, R. C. (1965). Flora of Java 2: 1-641. N.V.P. Noordhoff, Groningen, The Netherlands.
  • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Smith, A.C. (1988). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 4: 1-377. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Bremek. in Verh. K. Nederl. Akad. Wet., Afd. Natuurk., ser. 2, 48 (2): 250 (1952).
  • DC., Prodr. 4: 425 (1830).

  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0