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This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to S. Africa.
Acokanthera oppositifolia

[FZ]

Apocynaceae, A. J. M. Leeuwenberg and F. K. Kupicha et al.. Flora Zambesiaca 7:2. 1985

Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 2–3 mm. long, lobes ovate to lanceolate, weakly imbricate, dorsally pilose and ciliate or glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla tube 9–13·5 mm. long, pubescent or hispid on external surface or rarely glabrous, pilose within above the middle and wrinkled below; lobes ovate-cuspidate, 2–4·6 mm. long, pubescent or glabrous on either side, usually ciliate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers 1·1–1·4 mm. long, visible in the mouth of the corolla tube at anthesis.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 0·6–1 mm. long, ellipsoid, smooth.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit an ellipsoid berry 12–20 mm. long (dry), purple when ripe; seeds 6·5–10 mm. long.
Morphology General Habit
A much-branched evergreen shrub, sometimes scrambling, or small tree, 1–6 m. high; bark brown, deeply fissured; slash cream turning olive green.
Morphology Branches
Young branches with reddish tinge, glabrous, conspicuously angled and ribbed.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves coriaceous, glabrous, smooth or occasionally slightly scabrid; petiole 2–6(7) mm. long; lamina 4·6–10·6 x 1·8–6·7 cm., usually obovate, occasionally elliptic, the apex acute, cuspidate or obtuse, with hard mucro, the base cuneate or rounded; upper surface glossy, with midrib impressed and lateral nerves strongly raised; lower surface mat, all nerves raised, the proximal lateral nerves characteristically reaching the margin without looping to join neighbouring nerves; midrib of lower surface and petiole wrinkled.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences very plentiful, dense, contracted, many-flowered axillary cymes; flowers fragrant, with pink or reddish corolla tube and white lobes.

[FTEA]

Apocynaceae, E.A. Omino. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2002

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree 1–7 m high; bark brown, deeply fissured; slash cream turning olive green.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate; petiole 2–7 mm long; blade elliptic or obovate, 4–13.5 cm long, 1.5–8.4 cm wide, acute, obtuse or rounded at the apex, with a hard spiny mucro, cuneate or rounded at the base, coriaceous, glabrous, sometimes puberulous on young leaves especially beneath on lower nerves; secondary veins prominent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence of dense cymes; bracts ovate, 1.3 mm long, acute at the apex, ciliate; sepals ovate, 2.4–3.5 mm long, 0.9–1.6 mm wide, acuminate to acute at the apex, dorsally pubescent or glabrous, ciliate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Corolla tube pink or red, 12–19 mm long, pubescent or hispid on external surface, rarely glabrous, pilose in the upper half and wrinkled below inside; lobes broadly elliptic, 3.2–4 mm long, 2.5–4 mm wide, acute at the apex, pubescent at the base and mouth of tube, ciliate; stamens slightly exserted, inserted at 12.5–15 mm from the base; anthers ovate up to 1.3 mm long; pistil 13–18 mm long; style 11–16 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit purple, ellipsoid, 12–35 mm long, ± 25 mm in diameter; seeds 6.6–10 mm long.
Figures
Fig. 5/1–4 (p. 16).
Habitat
Dry forest and forest margins, riverine forests and thickets, occasionally in woodland; 1200–2200 m
Distribution
K4 K7 T2 T3 T7

Native to:

Cape Provinces, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Acokanthera oppositifolia (Lam.) Codd appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1980 Battiscombe, E. [425], Tanzania K000233527
Jan 1, 1980 Holmwood [s.n.], Kenya K000233526
Dehn, G. [36/52], Zimbabwe K000233517 isotype
Elliott, C. F. [s.n.] K000233519 syntype
Elliott, C. F. [266] K000233520 syntype
Busse, W. [382] K000233521 syntype
Holmwood [s.n.], Kenya K000233525
Holst, C. [8968], Tanzania K000233524
Hildebrandt, J.M. [2452], Kenya K000233522
Whyte, A. [s.n.], Kenya K000233523
Verdcourt, B. [449], Kenya Acokanthera longiflora 15253.000

First published in Bothalia 7: 448 (1961)

Accepted by

  • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Beentje, Kenya Trees, Shrubs and Lianas p. 475 (1994).
  • Codd in Bothalia 7: 448 (1961)
  • Codd in Flora of Southern Africa 26: 247, t. 36/1 (1963).
  • Kupicha in Flora Zambesiaca 7, 2: 405, t. 91 (1985).
  • Kupicha in Kew Bulletin 37, 1: 53, fig. 1 (1982)

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/