Family:
Rubiaceae Juss.
Genus:
Psychotria L.

Psychotria viridis Ruiz & Pav.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico (Chiapas) to Tropical America. It is used as a medicine and for food.

[UPFC]
Distribution
Biogeografic region: Amazonia, Andean, Guiana Shield, Orinoquia, Pacific. Elevation range: 10–1040 m a.s.l. Cultivated in Colombia. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Amazonas, Antioquia, Caquetá, Chocó, Meta, Putumayo, Valle del Cauca.
Habit
Shrub, Small tree.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, shrubland, wetlands (inland), artificial - terrestrial.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa y cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 10 - 1040 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena, Orinoquia, Pacífico.
Morphology General Habit
Arbusto, arbolito
Conservation
No Evaluada

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
chagropanga

[UPFC]
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.

Native to:

Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guatemala, Haiti, Mexico Southeast, Nicaragua, Panamá, Peru, Venezuela

Introduced into:

Brazil Southeast

Psychotria viridis Ruiz & Pav. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1988 Oersted [9] K000174191 isotype
Oct 3, 1987 Peru K001432474
Apr 2, 1983 Peru K001432472
Aug 26, 1957 Peru K001432505
Plowman, T. [5887], Peru 44575.000
Krukoff, B.A. [5420], Brazil K001200523
Krukoff, B.A. [4699], Brazil K001200527
Krukoff, B.A. [5130], Brazil K001200522
Krukoff, B.A. [5463], Brazil K001200529
Krukoff, B.A. [5420], Brazil K001200524
Krukoff, B.A. [5463], Brazil K001200530
Prance, G.T. [7534], Brazil K001200525
Krukoff, B.A. [4699], Brazil K001200528
Krukoff, B.A. [5130], Brazil K001200526
Peru K001432467
Peru K001432468
Peru K001432469
Peru K001432470
Peru K001432471
Peru K001432473
Peru K001432475
Peru K001432476
Peru K001432477
Peru K001432478
Peru K001432479
Peru K001432480
Peru K001432481
Peru K001432482
Peru K001432483
Peru K001432484
Peru K001432486
Peru K001432487
Killip, E.P. [8362], Colombia K001432488
Callejas, R.; Marulanda, O. [5939], Colombia K001432489
Ecuador K001432490
Ecuador K001432491
Ecuador K001432492
Bolivia K001432493
Bolivia K001432494
Peru K001432495
Peru K001432496
Peru K001432497
Peru K001432498
Peru K001432499
Peru K001432500
Peru K001432501
Peru K001432502
Peru K001432503
Peru K001432504
Peru K001432506
Peru K001432507
Wright, C. [1280], Cuba Psychotria trispicata K000174250

First published in Fl. Peruv. 2: 61 (1799)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Berry, P.E., Yatskievych, K. & Holst, B.K. (eds.) in Steyermark, J., Berry, P.E., Holts, B.K. (eds). (2004). Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana 8: 1-874. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
  • Borhidi, A. (2006). Rubiáceas de México: 1-512. Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest.
  • Borhidi, A. (2012). Rubiáceas de México, ed. 2: 1-608. Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (2012). Flora Mesoamericana 4(2): 1-533. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Delprete, P.G. (2010). Rubiaceae Flora dos estados de Goiás e Tocantins 40: 1-1610. Universidade Federal de Goiás.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera, C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2014). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 7: 1-840. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Mendoza, H., Ramirez P., B.R. & Jimenez, L.C. (2004). Rubiaceae de Colombia: guia ilustrada de generos: 1-351. Instituto de Investigacion de Recursos Biologicos Alexander von Humboldt, Bogota, Colombia.
  • Sant'Ana Melhem, T., das Graças Lapa Wanderley, M., Ehlin Martins, S., Jung-Mendaçolli, S.L., Shepherd, G.J. & Kirizawa, M. (eds.) (2007). Flora Fanerogâmica do Estado de São Paulo 5: 1-476. Instituto de Botânica, São Paulo.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (2012). Flora Mesoamericana 4(2): 1-533. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera, C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2014). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 7: 1-840. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Sant'Ana Melhem, T., das Graças Lapa Wanderley, M., Ehlin Martins, S., Jung-Mendaçolli, S.L., Shepherd, G.J. & Kirizawa, M. (eds.) (2007). Flora Fanerogâmica do Estado de São Paulo 5: 1-476. Instituto de Botânica, São Paulo.

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • FPI (2021). Food Plants International. https://fms.cmsvr.com/fmi/webd/Food_Plants_World?homeurl=https://foodplantsinternational.com/plants/
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001432467
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001432489
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001432500
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001432479
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001432469
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001432502
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001432475
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001432497
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001432487
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001432477
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001432499
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001432481
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001432471
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001432493
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001432483
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001432473
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001432495
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001432491
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001432504
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001432506
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001432478
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001432468
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001432501
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001432503
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001432474
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001432496
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001432486
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001432476
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001432498
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001432488
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001432470
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001432492
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001432482
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001432472
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001432494
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001432484
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001432490
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001432480
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001432505
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001432507

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0