Family:
Rubiaceae Juss.
Genus:
Psychotria L.

Psychotria viridis Ruiz & Pav.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico (Chiapas) to Tropical America. It is used as a medicine and for food.

[UPFC]
Distribution
Biogeografic region: Amazonia, Andean, Guiana Shield, Orinoquia, Pacific. Elevation range: 10–1040 m a.s.l. Cultivated in Colombia. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Amazonas, Antioquia, Caquetá, Chocó, Meta, Putumayo, Valle del Cauca.
Habit
Shrub, Small tree.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, shrubland, wetlands (inland), artificial - terrestrial.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa y cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 10 - 1040 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena, Orinoquia, Pacífico.
Morphology General Habit
Arbusto, arbolito
Conservation
No Evaluada

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
chagropanga

[UPFC]
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.

Native to:

Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guatemala, Haiti, Mexico Southeast, Nicaragua, Panamá, Peru, Venezuela

Introduced into:

Brazil Southeast

Psychotria viridis Ruiz & Pav. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 1988 Oersted [9] K000174191 isotype Yes
Oct 3, 1987 Peru K001432474 Yes
Apr 2, 1983 Peru K001432472 Yes
Aug 26, 1957 Peru K001432505 Yes
Plowman, T. [5887], Peru 44575.000 No
Krukoff, B.A. [5420], Brazil K001200523 Yes
Krukoff, B.A. [4699], Brazil K001200527 Yes
Krukoff, B.A. [5130], Brazil K001200522 Yes
Krukoff, B.A. [5463], Brazil K001200529 Yes
Krukoff, B.A. [5420], Brazil K001200524 Yes
Krukoff, B.A. [5463], Brazil K001200530 Yes
Prance, G.T. [7534], Brazil K001200525 Yes
Krukoff, B.A. [4699], Brazil K001200528 Yes
Krukoff, B.A. [5130], Brazil K001200526 Yes
Peru K001432467 Yes
Peru K001432468 Yes
Peru K001432469 Yes
Peru K001432470 Yes
Peru K001432471 Yes
Peru K001432473 Yes
Peru K001432475 Yes
Peru K001432476 Yes
Peru K001432477 Yes
Peru K001432478 Yes
Peru K001432479 Yes
Peru K001432480 Yes
Peru K001432481 Yes
Peru K001432482 Yes
Peru K001432483 Yes
Peru K001432484 Yes
Peru K001432486 Yes
Peru K001432487 Yes
Killip, E.P. [8362], Colombia K001432488 Yes
Callejas, R.; Marulanda, O. [5939], Colombia K001432489 Yes
Ecuador K001432490 Yes
Ecuador K001432491 Yes
Ecuador K001432492 Yes
Bolivia K001432493 Yes
Bolivia K001432494 Yes
Peru K001432495 Yes
Peru K001432496 Yes
Peru K001432497 Yes
Peru K001432498 Yes
Peru K001432499 Yes
Peru K001432500 Yes
Peru K001432501 Yes
Peru K001432502 Yes
Peru K001432503 Yes
Peru K001432504 Yes
Peru K001432506 Yes
Peru K001432507 Yes
Wright, C. [1280], Cuba Psychotria trispicata K000174250 Yes

First published in Fl. Peruv. 2: 61 (1799)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Berry, P.E., Yatskievych, K. & Holst, B.K. (eds.) in Steyermark, J., Berry, P.E., Holts, B.K. (eds). (2004). Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana 8: 1-874. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
  • Borhidi, A. (2006). Rubiáceas de México: 1-512. Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest.
  • Borhidi, A. (2012). Rubiáceas de México, ed. 2: 1-608. Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (2012). Flora Mesoamericana 4(2): 1-533. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Delprete, P.G. (2010). Rubiaceae Flora dos estados de Goiás e Tocantins 40: 1-1610. Universidade Federal de Goiás.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera, C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2014). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 7: 1-840. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Mendoza, H., Ramirez P., B.R. & Jimenez, L.C. (2004). Rubiaceae de Colombia: guia ilustrada de generos: 1-351. Instituto de Investigacion de Recursos Biologicos Alexander von Humboldt, Bogota, Colombia.
  • Sant'Ana Melhem, T., das Graças Lapa Wanderley, M., Ehlin Martins, S., Jung-Mendaçolli, S.L., Shepherd, G.J. & Kirizawa, M. (eds.) (2007). Flora Fanerogâmica do Estado de São Paulo 5: 1-476. Instituto de Botânica, São Paulo.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (2012). Flora Mesoamericana 4(2): 1-533. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera, C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2014). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 7: 1-840. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Sant'Ana Melhem, T., das Graças Lapa Wanderley, M., Ehlin Martins, S., Jung-Mendaçolli, S.L., Shepherd, G.J. & Kirizawa, M. (eds.) (2007). Flora Fanerogâmica do Estado de São Paulo 5: 1-476. Instituto de Botânica, São Paulo.

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • FPI (2021). Food Plants International. https://fms.cmsvr.com/fmi/webd/Food_Plants_World?homeurl=https://foodplantsinternational.com/plants/
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0