Family:
Rubiaceae Juss.
Genus:
Spermacoce L.

Spermacoce latifolia Aubl.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Tropical America. It is used as a medicine.

[FTEA]

Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

Morphology General Habit
Straggling or prostrate annual herb 10–60 cm. long with bright pale yellow green stems and foliage; stems branched or unbranched, square with angles slightly to distinctly winged, glabrous or with sparse to fairly dense short hairs on the angles or stems hairy all over.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades often red margined, elliptic, 1.2–5 cm. long, 0.8–2.9 cm. wide, acute at the apex, cuneate at the base, pubescent or ± scabrid above with tubercle-based hairs, pubescent beneath or almost glabrescent all over save for the scabrid margins; petiole 0.5–3 mm. long; stipule-sheath 1.5 mm. long, with 5–9 setae 1.5–3.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in axillary clusters ± 8 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-tube pubescent, obconic, 2.5 mm. long; lobes 4, oblong to lanceolate, 1.2–2 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla whitish, blue or pink; tube funnel-shaped, 5 mm. long; lobes ovate-triangular, 1.5 mm. long and wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments exserted ± 1 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Style exserted 2 mm.; stigma-lobes linear, 1 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule ellipsoid or subglobose, 2.5–3 mm. long, wrinkled, hairy.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds yellow brown, ellipsoid, 2–2.8 mm. long, 1.3–1.7 mm. wide, 0.8–1 mm. thick, reticulate-rugulose, with a deep wide ventral excavation.
Figures
Fig. 50/22, p. 342.
Habitat
Grassland; 1140 m.
Distribution
U4 Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast and Ghanaa native of S. America from Central America to Bolivia and West Indies but now a common casual in many parts of the world including India, Ceylon, Nepal, Malay Peninsula, Java and Australia

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 50 - 1600 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba, subarbusto
Conservation
No Evaluada

[UPFC]
Distribution
Biogeografic region: Amazonia, Andean, Orinoquia, Pacific. Elevation range: 50–1600 m a.s.l. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Amazonas, Antioquia, Caquetá, Chocó, Guainía, Meta, Vaupés, Vichada.
Habit
Herb, Subshrub.

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
botoncillo, chupana, fruta de culebra, golondrina, manea blanca

[UPFC]
Vernacular
Botoncillo, Golondrina, Manea blanca, Menea blanca, Totecito

[UPFC]
Use Medicines
Medical uses.

Native to:

Argentina Northeast, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Central American Pac, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Leeward Is., Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela

Introduced into:

Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, Cameroon, Caroline Is., China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Fiji, Florida, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Hainan, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Laos, Liberia, Malaya, Myanmar, Nepal, Northern Territory, Queensland, Samoa, Sierra Leone, South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Uganda, Zaïre

Spermacoce latifolia Aubl. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Feb 1, 2014 Burchell, W.J. [8638], Brazil K001068393
Feb 1, 2014 Lankester, C.H. [s.n.], Brazil K001068333
Feb 1, 2014 Burchell, W.J. [86797], Brazil K001068332
Jan 1, 1854 Venezuela K001435533 TYPE
Jan 1, 1854 Venezuela K001435534 TYPE
Venezuela K001435529
Venezuela K001435530
Venezuela K001435531
Venezuela K001435532
Panama, Ecuador K001435535
Panama, Ecuador K001435536
Panama, Ecuador K001435537
Colombia K001435538
Colombia K001435539
Fosberg, F.R. [21215], Colombia K001435540
Fosberg, F.R. [21215], Colombia K001435541
Colombia K001435542
Colombia K001435543
Colombia K001435544
Peru K001435545
Peru K001435546
Peru K001435547
K001435604
May 1, 2011 Assunção, P.A.C.L. et al. [1912], Brazil Borreria latifolia K000174856
Jan 1, 2008 Zappi, D.C. [1235], Mato Grosso Borreria latifolia K000578079
Sep 15, 2005 Silva [14888], Brazil Borreria latifolia K000036489
Mar 1, 1994 Coradin, L. [6598], Bahia Borreria latifolia K000016517
Harley, R.M. [25993], Bahia Borreria latifolia K000016516

First published in Hist. Pl. Guiane: 55 (1775)

Accepted by

  • Beaman, J.H. & Anderson, C. (2004). The Plants of Mount Kinabalu 5: 1-609. Natural history publications (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia.
  • Das, S.C., Rashid, M.H., Rahman, M.A. & Wilcock, C.C. (2004). Notes on the Rubiaceae 2: five new records for Bangladesh Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy 11: 9-17.
  • Delprete, P.G. & Cortés-B., R. (2006 publ. 2007). A synopsis of the Rubiaceae of the states of Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, with a key to genera, and a preliminary species list Revista de Biologia Neotropical 3: 13-96.
  • Delprete, P.G. (2010). Rubiaceae Flora dos estados de Goiás e Tocantins 40: 1-1610. Universidade Federal de Goiás.
  • Delprete, P.G., Smith, L.B., Klein, R.M. (2005). Flora Ilustrada Catarinense 2: 349-842. Herbário "Barbosa Rodrigues", Atají, Brasil.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Harwood, R. & Dessein, S. (2005). Australian Spermacoce (Rubiaceae: Spermacoceae). I. Northern Territory Australian Systematic Botany 18: 297-365.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
  • Mendoza, H., Ramirez P., B.R. & Jimenez, L.C. (2004). Rubiaceae de Colombia: guia ilustrada de generos: 1-351. Instituto de Investigacion de Recursos Biologicos Alexander von Humboldt, Bogota, Colombia.
  • Middleton, J.D. (ed.) (2019). Flora of Singapore 13: 1-654. Singapore Botanic Gardens.
  • Rahman, M.O. (2004). Second list of angiospermic taxa of Bangladesh not included in Hooker's 'Flora of British India' and Prain's 'Bengal Plants': series - II Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy 11: 49-56.
  • Smith, A.C. (1988). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 4: 1-377. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
  • Wiersema, J.H. & al. (2017). A new weed in Florida, Spermacoce latifolia and the distinction between S. alata and S. latifolia (Spermacoceae, Rubiaceae) Castanea 82: 114-131.

Not accepted by

  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (2012). Flora Mesoamericana 4(2): 1-533. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F. [Cited as Spermacoce alata.]
  • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera, C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2014). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 7: 1-840. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis. [Cited as Spermacoce alata.]
  • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2011). Flora of China 19: 1-884. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis. [Cited as Spermacoce alata.]

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Beaman, J.H. & Anderson, C. (2004). The Plants of Mount Kinabalu 5: 1-609. Natural history publications (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia.
  • Borhidi, A. (2006). Rubiáceas de México: 1-512. Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • GBIF (2008- continuously updated). Global Biodiversity Information Facility http://www.gbif.org/.
  • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera, C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2014). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 7: 1-840. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Marhold, K. (ed.) (2012). IAPT/IOPB chromosome data 14 Taxon 61: 1336-1345.
  • Rahman, M.O. (2004). Second list of angiospermic taxa of Bangladesh not included in Hooker's 'Flora of British India' and Prain's 'Bengal Plants': series - II Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy 11: 49-56.
  • Ruhsam, M in Ruhsam, M. (2005). Survey of all the Rubiaceae specimens at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Tanaka, N., Koyama, T. & Murata, J. (2005). The flowering plants of Mt. Popa, central Myanmar - Results of Myanmar-Japanese joint expeditions, 2000-2004 Makinoa 5: 1-102.
  • Wiersema, J.H. & al. (2017). A new weed in Florida, Spermacoce latifolia and the distinction between S. alata and S. latifolia (Spermacoceae, Rubiaceae) Castanea 82: 114-131.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Aubl., Hist. Pl. Guiane Fr. 1: 55, t. 19/1 (1775).

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001435530
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001435541
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001435531
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001435542
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001435540
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001435534
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001435545
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001435535
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001435546
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001435532
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001435543
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001435533
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001435544
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001435538
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001435539
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001435536
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001435547
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001435537
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001435604
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew K001435529
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0