Family:
Rubiaceae Juss.
Genus:
Spermacoce L.

Spermacoce ocymoides Burm.f.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Asia to SW. Pacific. It is has social uses and as a medicine.

[FTEA]

Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

Morphology General Habit
A weak erect, decumbent or procumbent annual herb, usually ± well-branched, 3–40 cm. tall, with fine fibrous roots; stems with sparse to fairly dense crisped hairs on the ± wing-like prominent angles.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades elliptic to elliptic-lanceolate, 0.4–3.6 cm. long, 0.25–1.6 cm. wide, rounded to ± acute at the apex, concavely narrowed into the petiole at the base, glabrous on both surfaces save for short marginal hairs or ± pubescent on the main nerve beneath; petiole 0–8 mm. long, with scattered hairs; stipules with base 2 mm. long, bearing ± 7 fimbriae 1–3 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in small few-flowered clusters at many of the nodes, attaining 3–6 mm. in diameter in the fruiting state; stipule-like bracteoles with fimbriae 1.8–2 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-tube transversely oblong, 0.5 mm. long; lobes 2(–4), 0.6–0.8 mm. long, ciliate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white; tube 0.3 mm. long; lobes triangular, 0.35 mm. long, 0.3–0.4 mm. wide, with a few short hairs inside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers situated just above the sinuses of the corolla-lobes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Style ± 0.2 mm. long; stigma 0.2 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit oblong, 1 mm. long, 0.8 mm. wide, 0.5–0.7 mm. thick, compressed, finely transversely wrinkled and very shortly pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds chestnut-brown, oblong-ellipsoid, 0.7–0.8 mm. long, 0.4 mm. wide, 0.3–0.35 mm. thick, strongly reticulate with raised ribs, the foveae elongated in the direction of the short axis.
Figures
Fig. 50/19, p. 342.
Habitat
Forest paths and leaf-litter, rocky paths in open grassland, also as an epiphyte on planted Raphia palms; 930–1700 m.
Distribution
Senegal to Cameroun, Fernando Po, Principe, St. Tomé, Annobon, Cabinda, Congo (Brazzaville), Zambia and Malawidescribed from Malesia, now widely spread in Solomon Is., Fiji, Samoa, Philippines, India, Madagascar, Mauritius, Central America, West Indies and S. America to Argentina T4 T7 T8 U2 U4

[FWTA]

Rubiaceae, F. N. Hepper & R. W. J. Keay. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
A weak herb, erect or decumbent, 6-9 in. high
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers very small, white
Ecology
Wayside weed.

[UPFC]
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Social
Social uses.

Native to:

Assam, Bangladesh, Fiji, India, Jawa, Laos, Malaya, Maldives, Myanmar, New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vanuatu, Vietnam

Introduced into:

Argentina Northeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Ecuador, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Nigeria, Paraguay, Peru, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zaïre

Spermacoce ocymoides Burm.f. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 2017 Elbert [1911] K001273738 No
Feb 1, 2014 Félix, L.P. [s.n.], Brazil K001068434 Yes
Jan 1, 2009 Luke, W.R.Q. [11543], Tanzania K000545440 No
Wallich, N. [1360], Tamil Nadu K000031835 Unknown type material Yes
Wallich, N. [6185], India K000031836 Unknown type material Yes
Wight, R. [1360] K000031837 Unknown type material Yes
Wight, R. [6186], Tamil Nadu K000031838 Unknown type material Yes
s.coll. [831], India K000031839 Unknown type material Yes
Hohenacker, R.F. [998], India K000975657 Unknown type material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6185] K001123250 Yes
Riedel, L. [s.n.], Brazil K001068433 Yes
Hohenacker, R.F. [999], India K000975656 Yes
Folli, D.A. [3017], Brazil K001068431 Yes
Röttler, J.P. [s.n.], India K000772206 Yes
Röttler, J.P. [s.n.], India K000772207 Yes
Poiteau, P.A. [s.n.], French Guiana K001068432 Yes
Jan 1, 1968 Irwin, H.S. [20131], Brazil Spermacoce tenera K001076150 Yes
Jan 1, 1965 Trinta, Z.A. [760], Brazil Spermacoce tenera K001076151 Yes
Pohl [785], Bahia Spermacoce tenera K000016223 Unknown type material Yes
Pohl [785], Bahia Spermacoce tenera K000016224 isotype Yes
Romero, R. [1872], Brazil Spermacoce tenera K001076149 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 833] Spermacoce tenera K001110022 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 833] Spermacoce tenera K001110021 Yes
Hassler, E. [1005], Paraguay Spermacoce tenera K001076154 Yes
Glaziou, A.F.M. [21512], Brazil Spermacoce tenera K001076153 Yes
Philcox, D. [4855], Brazil Spermacoce tenera K001076152 Yes
Cruse, A.W. [499], Zimbabwe Borreria ocymoides 8533.000 No

First published in Fl. Indica: 34 (1768)

Accepted by

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
  • Mendoza, H., Ramirez P., B.R. & Jimenez, L.C. (2004). Rubiaceae de Colombia: guia ilustrada de generos: 1-351. Instituto de Investigacion de Recursos Biologicos Alexander von Humboldt, Bogota, Colombia.
  • Middleton, J.D. (ed.) (2019). Flora of Singapore 13: 1-654. Singapore Botanic Gardens.
  • Puff, C., Chayamarit, K., Chamchumroon, V. & Esser, H.-J. (2021). Flora of Thailand 15(1): 1-235. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
  • Sarder, N.U. & Hassan, M.A. (eds.) (2018). Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 3: 1-978. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Fosberg, F.R. (1957). The Maldive islands, Indian Ocean Atoll Research Bulletin 58: 1-37.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
  • Middleton, J.D. (ed.) (2019). Flora of Singapore 13: 1-654. Singapore Botanic Gardens.
  • Ruhsam, M. (2005). Survey of all the Rubiaceae specimens at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Sarder, N.U. & Hassan, M.A. (eds.) (2018). Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 3: 1-978. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Burm. f., Fl. Indica: 34 (1768).

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Burkill HM. (1995). The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vols. 1-3. The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vols 1-3.
  • Cámara-Leret, R., & Dennehy, Z. (2019). Information gaps in indigenous and local knowledge for science-policy assessments. Nature Sustainability 2:736-741.
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/
  • Plants for malaria, plants for fever: Medicinal species in Latin America, a bibliographic survey: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0