Family:
Rubiaceae Juss.

Uncaria guianensis (Aubl.) J.F.Gmel.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Trinidad to S. Tropical America. It is used as a medicine.

[UPFC]
Distribution
Biogeografic region: Amazonia, Andean, Guiana Shield, Pacific. Elevation range: 20–750 m a.s.l. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Amazonas, Antioquia, Bolívar, Caquetá, Chocó, Cundinamarca, Guaviare, Norte de Santander, Santander, Vaupés.
Habit
Shrub, Liana, Climbing.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, native grassland, artificial - terrestrial.
Vernacular
Bejuco de anzuelo, Espinosa, Garabato, Uña de águila, Uña de gato

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 20 - 750 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena, Pacífico, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Arbusto, trepadora, liana
Conservation
No Evaluada

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
bejuco de anzuelo, bejuco mercade, buenamigo, cacho de venado, donguaudú, jalapatrás, mercader, uña de gato

[UPFC]
Use Medicines
Medical uses.

Native to:

Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela

Uncaria guianensis (Aubl.) J.F.Gmel. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 2008 Zappi, D.C. [1386], Mato Grosso K000578810 Yes
Jan 1, 2008 Zappi, D.C. [1386], Mato Grosso K000404953 Yes
Mar 1, 2007 Projeto Flora Cristalino [352], Mato Grosso K000447968 Yes
Dec 1, 2004 Spruce, R. [4851], Peru K000006441 Yes
Apr 28, 1979 Spruce, R. [3221], Venezuela K000006439 Yes
Apr 10, 1945 Bolivia K001436345 Yes
Oct 15, 1921 n/a K001436340 Yes
Feb 1, 1912 Bolivia K001436346 Yes
May 12, 1911 Venezuela K001436333 Yes
Dec 1, 1853 Spruce, R. [3221], Venezuela K000006440 Yes
Jan 1, 1842 n/a K001436341 TYPE Yes
Milliken, W. [325], Brazil K001049394 Yes
Ferreira, C.A.C. [5527], Brazil K001049396 Yes
Lewis, G.P. [1664], Brazil K001049400 Yes
Ule, E. [8938], Brazil K001049401 Yes
Pires, J.M. [50749], Brazil K001049406 Yes
Prance, G.T. [5575], Brazil K001049410 Yes
Froes, R. [1772], Brazil K001049418 Yes
Philcox, D. [4712], Brazil K001049424 Yes
Prance, G.T. [5855], Bolivia K001049415 Yes
Cid Ferreira, C.A. [4856], Brazil K001049412 Yes
Ferreira, C.A.C. [5825], Brazil K001049398 Yes
Harley, R.M. [24718], Brazil K001049395 Yes
Henderson, A. [427], Brazil K001049408 Yes
Pruski, J. [3453], Brazil K001049399 Yes
Milliken, W. [2306], Brazil K001049409 Yes
Carniello, M.A. [411], Brazil K001049393 Yes
Amaral, I.L. [1153], Brazil K001049420 Yes
Ratter, J.A. [5841], Brazil K001049397 Yes
Black, G.A. [54/16516], Brazil K001049403 Yes
Campbell, D.G. [P22453], Brazil K001049407 Yes
Amaral, I.L. [378], Brazil K001049417 Yes
Prance, G.T. [5184], Brazil K001049416 Yes
Lima, A. [58-3135], Brazil K001049404 Yes
Burchell [9670], Brazil K001212270 Yes
Thomas, W. [3997], Brazil K001049411 Yes
Santos, R.R. [1679], Brazil K001049422 Yes
Berg, C.C. [18675], Brazil K001049423 Yes
Hamilton, W.D. [232], Brazil K001049402 Yes
Burchell [8458], Brazil K001049419 Yes
Prance, G.T. [6439], Brazil K001049413 Yes
Teixeira, L.O.A. [410], Brazil K001049421 Yes
Philcox, D. [4225], Brazil K001049414 Yes
Ducke, A. [1125], Brazil K001049405 Yes
Peru K000110809 Yes
Peru K000110810 Yes
Peru K000110811 Yes
Peru K000110812 Yes
Peru K000110813 Yes
Peru K000110814 Yes
Peru K000110815 Yes
Peru K000110816 Yes
Peru K000110817 Yes
Peru K000110818 Yes
Peru K000110819 Yes
Venezuela K001436332 Yes
Venezuela K001436334 Yes
Venezuela K001436335 Yes
Venezuela K001436336 Yes
n/a K001436337 Yes
Saldias, M.; Mostacedo; Guillen; Jardim; Ramos [3003], Bolivia K001436338 Yes
n/a K001436339 Yes
Bolivia K001436342 Yes
Bolivia K001436343 Yes
Bolivia K001436344 Yes
Bolivia K001436347 Yes
Peru K001436348 Yes
Peru K001436350 TYPE Yes
Peru K001436351 Yes
Peru K001436352 Yes
Peru K001436353 Yes
Peru K001436354 Yes
Peru K001436355 Yes
Peru K001436356 Yes

First published in Syst. Nat. ed. 13[bis]: 370 (1791)

Accepted by

  • Berry, P.E., Yatskievych, K. & Holst, B.K. (eds.) in Steyermark, J., Berry, P.E., Holts, B.K. (eds). (2004). Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana 8: 1-874. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
  • Delprete, P.G. & Cortés-B., R. (2006 publ. 2007). A synopsis of the Rubiaceae of the states of Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, with a key to genera, and a preliminary species list. Revista de Biologia Neotropical 3: 13-96.
  • Delprete, P.G. (2010). Rubiaceae. Flora dos estados de Goiás e Tocantins 40: 1-1610. Universidade Federal de Goiás.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Mendoza, H., Ramirez P., B.R. & Jimenez, L.C. (2004). Rubiaceae de Colombia: guia ilustrada de generos: 1-351. Instituto de Investigacion de Recursos Biologicos Alexander von Humboldt, Bogota, Colombia.
  • Williams, R.O. & Cheeseman, E.E. in Williams, R.O. (1928). Rubiales. Flora of Trinidad and Tobago 2(1): 1-48. Government Printing Office, Port-of-Spain.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Delprete, P.G. & Cortés-B., R. (2006 publ. 2007). A synopsis of the Rubiaceae of the states of Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, with a key to genera, and a preliminary species list. Revista de Biologia Neotropical 3: 13-96.
  • Delprete, P.G. (2010). Rubiaceae. Flora dos estados de Goiás e Tocantins 40: 1-1610. Universidade Federal de Goiás.
  • Ruhsam, M. (2005). Survey of all the Rubiaceae specimens at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
  • GRIN (2021). Germplasm Resources Information Network from the United States Department of Agriculture. https://www.ars-grin.gov/
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humbodlt (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Copyright applied to individual images

  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0