Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Somalia to S. Tropical Africa, Comoros, Madagascar.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Climbing shrub to several m long; young branches appressed brownish pubescent; older branches with conspicuous round lenticels
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ± leathery; blades elliptic to obovate, 5–10 x 2–5 cm, rounded to obtuse or slightly acuminate at the apex, minutely pubescent on both sides or glabrous, reticulate tertiary venation conspicuous beneath
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence-axes pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 2–3.5 mm long, pubescent outside
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white or cream; tube 8–13 mm long, pubescent in upper part inside, glabrous or sparsely puberulous outside; lobes elliptic to oblong
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens inserted near base of corolla-tube; anthers 1.5–2 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style with a ± cylindrical head
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Berry up to c. 5 cm in diam., yellow or orange when ripe.
Distribution
S1, 3 Kenya, Tanzania and southwards to South Africa, Madagascar and Comoro Is.
Ecology
Altitude range 50–150 m.
Vernacular
Argole (Somali, the plant), mbira, mpira (Somali, the gum), mdube (Somali, the fruit).

[FZ]

Apocynaceae, A. J. M. Leeuwenberg and F. K. Kupicha et al.. Flora Zambesiaca 7:2. 1985

Morphology General Habit
Climbing shrub usually growing over trees and bushes, reaching 6 m. or more.
Morphology Branches
Young branches greyish or rufous appressed-pubescent, tardily glabrescent, older twigs spotted with conspicuous round lenticels.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves thinly to thickly coriaceous, often strongly discolorous when dry, becoming blackish or dark green above and pale green or brown below; petiole 3–8 mm. long, pubescent or glabrous; lamina 5–11·5(13) x 1·8–5(6·5) cm., elliptic or obovate-elliptic, the apex rounded or obtuse, sometimes slightly cuspidate near the apex to form an indistinct acumen, the base rounded to subcordate. Upper leaf surface sparsely pubescent, veins ± level, obscure; lower surface completely glabrous or pubescent on midrib and sometimes also on lateral nerves, reticulation level, very conspicuous in dried leaves.
Morphology Leaves Leaf veins
Venation with lateral nerves well spaced, curving towards leaf apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences elongate panicles, each lateral branch terminating in a dense cymose flower-cluster, axes pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers very sweetly scented, white or creamy-white.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 2–3 mm. long, lobes triangular or ovate, united at base, dorsally densely ferrugineous appressed-pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla tube 8–12 mm. long, slender, slightly inflated just below the middle at the level of the stamens, outer surface sparsely puberulent or glabrous, inner surface pubescent between the anthers and mouth; corolla lobes c. twice as long as tube, asymmetrically elliptic with acuminate apex, long-ciliate with delicate crispate white hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens inserted 2–3 mm. from the base of the corolla tube, anthers subsessile, c. 1·5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary c. 1 mm. long, globose, with a dense ring of appressed pale hairs round the apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style, clavuncle and stigma 1·5–2 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit c. 5 cm. in diameter, yellow or light orange when ripe, with pulpy flesh, edible and delicious.

[FSOM]
Use
The fruits are edible.

Native to:

Burundi, Chad, Comoros, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Somalia, Tanzania, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Mauritius

Ancylobothrys petersiana (Klotzsch) Pierre appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1995 Tchouto (Mbatchou), P. [709], Cameroon K000540788

First published in Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Paris, n.s., 1: 91 (1898)

Accepted by

  • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
  • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 3, (2006) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0