Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is W. India.

[KBu]

Sardesai, M., Gaikwad, S., & Yadav, S. (2006). A New Species of Chlorophytum (Anthericaceae) from Western Ghats, India. Kew Bulletin, 61(2), 269-271. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/20443273

Distribution
Rare, sparsely distributed in the dry hilly tracts of Kolhapur Distr. in Maharashtra and Belgaum and Dharwar districts of Karnataka. INDIA. Nesari (Kolhapur Distr.) 6 May 1998, Sardesai 1578 (holotype CAL; isotypes BLAT, BSI, K, Shivaji University Herbarium); Karnataka, Gokak (Belgaum Distr.) 15 May 2001, Sardesai 2328 (Shivaji University, Herbarium).
Ecology
The species grows in sandy soils on granite gneiss rocks in scrub forests in open ground around trees and shrubs; c. 600 m. The typical trees and shrubs of the association are Alangium salvifolium Wangerin, Catunaregam spinosa (Thunb.) Tirveng., Chloroxylon swietenia DC., Cipadessa baccifera Miq. and Strychnos potaturum L.f. Common herbaceous associates include Blepharis repens Roth, Chlorophytum laxum R. Br., Cyanotis tuberosa Schult. f. var. tuberosa, Dipcadi montanum Baker, Drimia wightii Lakshmin., Indigofera aspalathoides Vahl ex DC. var. uniflora (Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb.) M. R. Almeida, Microchloa indica (L.f.) P. Beauv, Oropetium roxburghianum (Steud.) S. M. Phillips, O. thomaeum Trin., Scilla hyacinthina Macbride, Sida cordifolia L. and Waltheria indica L. etc.
Morphology General Habit
Perennial herbs with numerous, sessile, non-tuberous, evenly thickened, fleshy, fasciculate, up to 45 cm long, 0.4 - 0.8 cm thick, cylindrical, unbranched, horizontal roots
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 6- 13, all radical, sessile, imbricating at base; leaf lamina 8 - 40 x 1 - 3 cm, lanceolate to lorate or ensiform, slightly falcate, gradually narrowed at apex, glabrous and glaucous green above, glabrous and glaucous-white beneath, subcoriaceous, chanelled, 14- 18-veined, margins hyaline
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers green, 0.8 - 1.2 cm across, bracteate, pedicellate, usually in alternate or subopposite clusters of 2 - 4 flowers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 6, 7.5 - 8 mm long, erect; filaments 5-6 mm long, white, twice or more longer than anther, papillose; anthers 1.8 - 2.5 mm long, yellow, 2-celled, dehiscing by longitudinal slits
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 1.5 - 1.7 mm long, 1.7- 1.9 mm broad, sessile, green, elliptic-obovate; style 6 - 7 mm long; stigma minutely papillose at apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Inner perianth segments 7.5 x 2.7 mm, elliptic-lanceolate, 3-nerved, dark green throughout the middle, margins greenish-white, minutely hairy at the apex Perianth segments 6, in two rows of 3 each, divergent and recurved during blooming, outer perianth segments 7.5 x 1.5 mm, oblique, broadly lanceolate, 3-nerved, dark green throughout the middle, margins greenish-white, minutely hairy at the apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsules green, triquetrous, 0.3 - 0.5 x 0.4 - 0.6 cm, obcordate, papery when dry
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Floral bracts 0.8 - 2.8 x 0.2 - 0.6 cm, green, persistent, linear-lanceolate, acuminate, margins hyaline; pedicels 0.8 - 1 cm long, green, terete, jointed above the middle, nodding in flower, erect and up to 1.5 cm long in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Scape
Scape usually single, very rarely two, up to 70 cm long, with 2 - 4 branches, sometimes unbranched, longer than leaves, with 2 - 4 sterile bracts in the lower unbranched portion, laxly flowered
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds many, 2 - 2.3 mm across, discoid, black.
Note
Chlorophytum kolhapurense resembles C. bharuchae R. Ansari & Hemadri but differs in its glaucous-white leaves with non-undulating margins, the emergence of the scapes before the leaves, 2 - 4 flowered nodes, smaller flowers, a greenish-white, strongly recurved, 3-nerved perianth, with green in the middle throughout and papillose filaments. The specific epithet kolhapurense refers to Kolhapur Distr. of Maharashtra State from which the species was first collected.
Phenology
Flowering April -June; fruiting July.
Type
India, Maharashtra, Nesari, 6 May 1998. Sardesai 1578 (holotypus CAL; isotypi BLAT, BSI, K, Shivaji University Herbarium).

Native to:

India

Chlorophytum kolhapurense Sardesai, S.P.Gaikwad & S.R.Yadav appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Kew Bull. 61: 269 (2006)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Bulletin

  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S. K, Nayar, M. P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumerado: Monocotyledonae. Flora of India Series 4, 1 - 435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Nordal, I., Kativu, S. & Poulsen, A. D. (1997). Anthericaceae. In: R. M. Polhill (ed.), Flora of Tropical East Africa. 67 pp. A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Bulletin
Kew Bulletin
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0