Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia (Bale Mountains) to N. Tanzania.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium


Lamiaceae (Labiatae), A.J. Paton, G. Bramley, O. Ryding, R.M. Polhill, Y.B. Harvey, M. Iwarsson, F. Willis, P.B. Phillipson, K. Balkwill, C.W. Lukhoba, D.F. Otieno, & R.M. Harley. Clinopodium, O Ryding. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

Types: Tanzania, Kilimanjaro, between the Mue R. [Muëbach] and vegetation limit, Meyer 234 (B†, holo.); neotype, selected by Ryding (2006): Tanzania, Kilimanjaro, near Peter’s Hut, Hedberg 1245 (UPS!, neo., BR, EA!, K!, LD, S, isoneo.)
Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb, prostrate to ascending
Morphology Stem
Young stems with long spreading hairs, intermixed with much shorter eglandular hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate, the petiole 0.3–0.5 times as long as the blade; blade subcircular, ovate or ovate-triangular, up to 4–10 × 4–10 mm, margin crenate, apex rounded to subacute, base rounded, truncate, slightly cordate or cuneate-attenuate, with sessile glands on the underside only
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence lax or mostly with the verticils crowded in the apical part; cymes 1flowered
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx often purple, indistinctly or sometimes distinctly sigmoid, strongly 2lipped, 3.5–4.8 mm long; posterior lip lobed along 30–80 of its length, central lobe 0.9–1.9 times as long as broad; two lobes of anterior lip 1–1.5 times longer than the lateral lobes of the posterior lip (both measured from their common sinus)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 5–9 mm long, purple, pink or rarely white, only slightly 2-lipped
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
All stamens apparently fertile; anthers divaricate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets ellipsoid, rounded at the apex, 0.8–0.9 × 0.7–0.8 mm, apparently not mucilaginous when wet.
Upland moor, heath zone, grassland or on bare ground, often near streams or on other moist ground, often in shade; 2900–4400 m
Least concern; widespread.
Range: Ethiopia (Bale Mts) Flora districts: U3 K3 K4 T2

Native to:

Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda

Clinopodium kilimandschari (Gürke) Ryding appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Dec 1, 2012 Hemp [5479], Tanzania K000735705
Gilbert, C.R. [695], Kenya K000334078
Townsend, C.C. [2226], Kenya K000334075
Allt, G. [34], Kenya K000334082
Rob, E. [1384], Kenya K000334079
Hedberg, O. [1815], Kenya K000334081
Volkens, G. [1194], Tanzania K000193408 Unknown type material
Hedberg, O. [264], Kenya K000334080
Tweedie [3], Kenya K000334077
Hedberg, O. [1245], Tanzania K000193407 Unknown type material
Pelley, S.L.E. [3452], Kenya K000334076

First published in Kew Bull. 61: 430 (2006)

Accepted by

  • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R., Harvey, Y., Iwarsson, M., Willis, F., Phillipson, P., Balkwill, K., Lukhoba, C., Otiend, D & Harley (2009). Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-430.


Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Ryding, O. (2006). Revision of Clinopodium simense group (Labiatae) Kew Bulletin 61: 419-432.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • K.B. 61: 430 (2006).

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.