Dicliptera paniculata (Forssk.) I.Darbysh.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Africa, Arabian Peninsula, Indian Subcontinent to S. China and Indo-China, Philippines.

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca Acanthaceae (part 2) by Iain Darbyshire, Kaj Vollesen and Ensermu Kelbessa

Morphology General Habit
Erect to straggling annual herb with a short taproot, stems 60–180(260) cm tall, much-branched, 6-angular with prominent pale ridges, ridges pale-hispid or rarely glabrous, young stems often with short eglandular and capitate glandular hairs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves often falling before or during flowering/fruiting, ovate or lanceolate, 1.5–10 × 0.8–4.5 cm, base rounded to shortly attenuate, apex acute to acuminate, apiculate, surfaces hispid particularly margin and veins beneath, rarely largely glabrous; lateral veins (3)5–7 pairs; petiole 2–22 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary and terminal, compounded into a very lax 20(40) cm pseudopanicle on largely bare upper branches; peduncles wiry, with short eglandular (often aculeolate) hairs and sparse to dense capitate glandular hairs, sometimes also pilose; main axis bracts linear-lanceolate, 2–4.5(5.5) mm long; cymule peduncles (3.5)8–22(38) mm long, apex often abruptly bent; cymule bracts green, pairs highly unequal, ratio 1.2–2.5 : 1, larger bract subulate or linear-lanceolate, 7–17.5 × 0.7–1.7 mm, apiculate, margin narrowly hyaline towards base, external surface with or (when young) without minute eglandular and glandular hairs, often also with capitate glandular hairs, only midrib prominent, midrib usually aculeolate, margin sparsely ciliate; bracteoles as bracts but 3.5–7 mm long, margin hyaline.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx lobes 2–3.5 mm long, ciliate, with occasional minute glandular hairs externally, margin hyaline.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 9–14 mm long, pink or mauve, rarely white, with purple guidelines, eglandular-pubescent externally; tube 4–6 mm long; lip held in upper position oblong, 4.5–8 × 1.5–3 mm, palate puberulous at mouth; lip held in lower position elliptic, 4.5–7 × 2.5–4 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Staminal filaments 3.5–7 mm long, sparsely hairy; anther thecae 0.5–0.75 mm long, superposed and somewhat oblique.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary largely glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 8–12.5 mm long, eglandular-pubescent, with scattered short-stalked glands; placental base inelastic.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 1.8–2.5 mm in diameter, tuberculate particularly towards rim, tubercles short, minutely hooked.
Distribution
Widespread in tropical Africa from Cape Verde and Senegal to Somalia, south to Namibia and South Africa, and likely to occur in the Caprivi Strip; also in Arabia, India and Thailand.
Ecology
Open to dense woodland, thicket and wooded grassland, often in riverine fringes or on lakeshores, frequently on disturbed ground; 250–1100 m.
Conservation
Conservation notes: Widespread and often common; Least Concern.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb, up to 35–120 cm tall or more; stems erect, sharply 6-angled, sparsely to densely hairy with up to 2 mm long spreading hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades narrowly ovate with prominent veins, at least up to 40 x 14 mm, subglabrous, apex acuminate, base attenuate; petiole up to c. 2–12 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Primary inflorescences arranged in lax axillary cymes spread along the stems, the entire plant looking like a lax inflorescence; leaves of the inflorescence gradually smaller towards the apex of the branches, uppermost ones narrowly triangular-subulate with a thin white margin, c. 4–5 x 0.5 mm; bracts markedly unequal, linear-subulate, up to c. 12 mm, enlarging up to c. 15–20 mm in fruit; bracteoles lanceolate-subulate, up to c. 7 mm long, about as long as calyx
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx subglabrous; lobes linear-subulate with a thin white margin, up to c. 6–7 x 1 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Flowers pink, c. 12–14 mm long; tube c. 5 mm long; lips up to c. 7 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 8–9 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds with shortly-stalked small papillae concentrated to the edge.
Distribution
N1; C2; S1–3; widespread in tropical Africa from Egypt and West Africa south to South Africa, and from tropical Arabia east to India and Indo-China.
Ecology
Altitude range 50–1310 m.

[FWTA]

Acanthaceae, H. Heine. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Erect branched herb, 2-4 ft. high, with stems several-angled
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Narrow pink or pale purple flowers 1/3-1/2 in. long.

Native to:

Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Gulf States, India, Kenya, Laccadive Is., Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Thailand, Uganda, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

English
Lady flower

Dicliptera paniculata (Forssk.) I.Darbysh. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 2016 Hooker, J.D. [171], Cape Verde K001134308 Yes
Nov 1, 2008 Bingham [13067], Zambia K000191277 No
Nov 1, 2008 Crawford, F. [166], Namibia K000450267 No
Bidgood, S. [6382], Tanzania K000468043 No
Bolle, C. [s.n.], Cape Verde K001134307 No
Cardoso, J. [248], Cape Verde K001134306 No
Schweinfurth [795 bis] K001134305 Yes
Jansen, P.C.M. [3548], Ethiopia K000662590 No
Hooker, J.D. [s.n.], Cape Verde K001134304 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2457] Justicia bicalyculata K001116073 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2457], India Justicia bicalyculata K001116077 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2457], India Justicia bicalyculata K001116078 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2457] Justicia bicalyculata K001116074 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2457] Justicia bicalyculata K001116082 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2457] Justicia bicalyculata K001116083 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2457] Justicia bicalyculata K001116084 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2457] Justicia bicalyculata K001116075 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2457] Justicia bicalyculata K001116079 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2457] Justicia bicalyculata K001116076 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2457] Justicia bicalyculata K001116080 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2457] Justicia bicalyculata K001116081 Yes
Kotschy [161], Eritrea Peristrophe paniculata K000379035 Yes
Bent, J.T. [s.n.], Eritrea Peristrophe paniculata K000379036 Yes
Lely, H.V. [415], Nigeria Peristrophe paniculata K000379040 holotype Yes
Kotschy [161], Eritrea Peristrophe paniculata K000379037 Yes
Shuter [2018], India Peristrophe paniculata K000884464 Yes

First published in Kew Bull. 62: 122 (2007)

Accepted by

  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2010). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Acanthaceae (Part 2): 287-756.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 2: 1-429. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
  • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Sikarwar, R.L.S. (2014). Angiosperm diversity assessment of Chitrakootthe legendary place of Vindhyan range, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 38: 563-619.

Not accepted by

  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2011). Flora of China 19: 1-884. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis). [Cited as Peristrophe paniculata.]

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • in F.T.E.A., Acanthaceae 2: 716, fig.91:11 (2010).
  • in Kew Bull. 62: 122 (2007).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Ananda Rao, T. & Ellis, J.L. (1995). Flora of Lakshadweep islands off the Malabar coast, peninsular India, with emphasis on phytogeographical distribution of plants Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 19: 235-250.
  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Barooah, C. & Ahmed, I. (2014). Plant diversity of Assam. A checklist of Angiosperms and Gymnosperms: 1-599. Assam science technology and environment council, India.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2010). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Acanthaceae (Part 2): 287-756.
  • Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2015). Flora Zambesiaca 8(6): 1-314. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hara, H., Stearn, W.T. & Williams, H.J. (1982). An Enumeration of the Flowering Plants of Nepal 3: 1-226. Trustees of British Museum, London.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lê, T.C. (2005). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 3: 1-1248. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Quézel, P. (1958). Mission Botanique au Tibesti: 1-357. Université d'Alger.
  • Rechinger, K.H. (1966). Flora Iranica 24: 1-9. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2011). Flora of China 19: 1-884. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

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