Vachellia nilotica (L.) P.J.H.Hurter & Mabb.

First published in D.J.Mabberley, Plant-book, ed. 3: 1021 (2008)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Dry parts of Africa, Arabian Peninsula, Indian Subcontinent to Myanmar. It is a scrambling shrub or tree and grows primarily in the desert or dry shrubland biome. It is used as animal food, a medicine and invertebrate food, has environmental uses and social uses and for fuel and food.

Distribution

Doubtfully present in:

Morocco

Native to:

Algeria, Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Djibouti, East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf States, India, Iran, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Libya, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, West Himalaya, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Andaman Is., Argentina Northeast, Bahamas, Bolivia, California, Cuba, Ecuador, Galápagos, Gulf of Guinea Is., Iraq, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Madagascar, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Southwest, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Northern Territory, Peru, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rodrigues, South Australia, Trinidad-Tobago, Western Australia, Windward Is.

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Classification

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PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Gosline, G., Bidault, E., van der Burgt, X., Cahen, D., Challen, G., Condé, N., Couch, C., Couvreur, T.L.P., Dagallier, L.M.J., Darbyshire, I., Dawson, S., Doré, T.S., Goyder, D., Grall, A., Haba, P., Haba, P., Harris, D., Hind, D.J.N., Jongkind, & al. (2023). A Taxonomically-verified and Vouchered Checklist of the Vascular Plants of the Republic of Guinea. Nature, scientific data 10, Article number: 327: [1]-[12].
  • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
  • Zhu, X.Y., Zhang, R.P. & He, Y.L. (eds.) (2021). An inventory of legume species diversity of Myanmar: 1-297. China Minzu university press.

Kew Species Profiles

  • Burkill, H. M. (1995). The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa : Volume 3 Families J – L. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 857 pp.
  • Ellery, K. & Ellery, W. (1997). Plants of the Okavango Delta: a Field Guide. Tsaro Publishers Durban. vi, 225 pp.
  • Fagg, C. W. & Greaves, A. (1990). Acacia nilotica 1869-1988. CABI/OFI Annotated Bibliography No. F42. CAB International, Wallingford, Oxon, UK 77 pp.
  • Sheik, M. I. (1989). Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Del. Its Production, Management and Utilization. Pakistan. Regional wood energy development programme in Asia, GCP/RAS/111/NET Field document no. 20, FAO, Bankok 10200, Thailand. 45 pp.
  • Spicer, N., Barnes, R. & Timberlake, J. (2007). Acacia Handbook. DFID Forestry Research Programme, U.K.
  • Timberlake, J., Fagg, C. & Barnes, R. (1999). Field Guide to the Acacias of Zimbabwe. CBC Publishing, Harare 160 pp.
  • Tybirk, K. (1989). Flowering, pollination and seed production of Acacia nilotica. Nordic Journal of Botany 9: 375-381.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots'. Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Bhellum, B.L. (2012). Flora exotica of Jammu and Kashmir (List- I). Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 36: 33-45.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Flora Zambesiaca 3(1): 1-153. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe. Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (2007). Flora of the Sultanate of Oman. volume 2. Crassulaceae - Apiaceae. Scripta Botanica Belgica 36: 1-220.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánes, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
  • Leroy, J.-F. & Mackee, H.S. (eds.) (1983). Flore de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et Dépendances 12: 1-139. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée. Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-List: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Singh, A. (2012). Exotic flora of the Chandauli district Uttar Pradesh, India: an overview. Indian Journal of Forestry 35: 79-84.
  • Townsend, C.C. (1974). Flora of Iraq 3: 1-662. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • de Lourdes Rico-Acre, M. (2007). A checklist and synopsis of American species of Acacia (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae): 1-207. CONABIO, México D.F.

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • FPI (2021). Food Plants International. https://fms.cmsvr.com/fmi/webd/Food_Plants_World?homeurl=https://foodplantsinternational.com/plants/
  • GRIN (2021). Germplasm Resources Information Network from the United States Department of Agriculture. https://www.ars-grin.gov/
  • IUCN (2021). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-2. https://www.iucnredlist.org.
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Aug 31, 2023 Jessinau, S.; Setimane, V.; Sitiven, X., Campira, N., Tome. A.; Tsamba , A.; Benjemane, F. [SJ002] Mozambique K009001528 No
Jun 22, 2022 Jatoi, S.A.; Sultan, A.; Hanan.; Mujahid. [MAP-II-229] Pakistan K009000318 No
Jan 1, 2018 Jaeger, P. [s.n.] Mali Acacia nilotica K001331977 Yes
Jan 1, 2010 Moseley [s.n.] Cabo Verde Acacia nilotica K001088760 Yes
Jan 1, 2010 Hooker, J.D. [145] Cabo Verde Acacia nilotica K001088761 Yes
Sep 23, 2008 Crawford, F. [107] Namibia Acacia nilotica K000450404 No
Jun 18, 1996 Hepper, F.N. [3814] Mali Acacia nilotica K000386464 Yes
Oct 1, 1982 Merril, E.D. [11203] Philippines Acacia nilotica K000295857 No
Jan 1, 1965 de Beer, J.S. [515] Botswana Acacia nilotica K000489592 No
Jan 1, 1965 de Beer, J.S. [525] Botswana Acacia nilotica K000489591 No
Jan 1, 1965 Drummond, R.B.; Seagrief [5181] Botswana Acacia nilotica K000489587 Yes
Jan 1, 1957 Lugard, E.J. [28] Botswana Acacia nilotica K000489583 Yes
Jan 1, 1957 Lugard, E.J. [30] Botswana Acacia nilotica K000489584 Yes
Jan 1, 1957 Gossweiler, J. [11030] Angola Acacia nilotica K001276649 Yes
Jan 1, 1957 Schweinfurth, G. [927] Sudan Acacia nilotica K000244224 Unknown Type Material Yes
Jan 1, 1957 Burke; Zeyher [s.n.] South Africa Acacia nilotica K000244435 Unknown Type Material Yes
Jan 1, 1957 Burke [270] South Africa Acacia nilotica K000244434 Unknown Type Material Yes
Jan 1, 1957 Schweinfurth, G. [1998] Acacia nilotica K000244223 Unknown Type Material Yes
Jan 1, 1957 Krauss [69] South Africa Acacia nilotica K000244433 Type Yes
Jan 1, 1957 Krauss [69] South Africa Acacia nilotica K000244432 Type Yes
Jan 1, 1953 Senegal Acacia nilotica K000267507 Type Yes
Benjamin, C. [CEB-02-024] Mali Acacia nilotica K001614054 Yes
Hepper, F.N. [8348] Egypt Acacia nilotica K000966906 No
Davey, J.T. [259] Mali Acacia nilotica K000386466 Yes
unknown [488] Senegal Acacia nilotica K000232641 Unknown Type Material Yes
Long, D.G.; Rae, D.A.H. [425] Botswana Acacia nilotica K000489585 Yes
Tweedie, E.M. [2030] Kenya Acacia nilotica K:SPC-00735.000 No
Senegal Acacia nilotica K000232643 Unknown Type Material Yes
Timberlake, J. [4955] Mozambique Acacia nilotica K000545305 Yes
Allen, A. [316] Botswana Acacia nilotica K000489588 Yes
Friis, I.; et al. [13873] Ethiopia Acacia nilotica K001259661 Yes
Madsen, J.E. [6085] Burkina Faso Acacia nilotica K000386462 Yes
Davey, J.T. [21] Mali Acacia nilotica K000386467 Yes
Long, D.G.; Rae, D.A.H. [425] Botswana Acacia nilotica K000489586 Yes
Maydell, H.R., von [22] Burkina Faso Acacia nilotica K000386461 Yes
Smith, P.A. [2569] Botswana Acacia nilotica K000489590 Yes
Madsen, J.E. [6085] Burkina Faso Acacia nilotica K000386463 Yes
Smith, P.A. [171] Botswana Acacia nilotica K000489589 Yes
Russell, P.; Tennant, J. [CV15] Cabo Verde Acacia nilotica K001259652 Yes
Davey, J.T. [44] Mali Acacia nilotica K000386465 Yes
Heudelot [s.n.] Senegal Acacia nilotica K000232642 Unknown Type Material Yes

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • International Legume Database and Information Service

    • International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Kew Species Profiles

    • Kew Species Profiles
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Wood Anatomy Microscope Slides

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/