Amphilophium crucigerum (L.) L.G.Lohmann

First published in O.Hokche, P.E.Berry & O.Huber (eds.), Nuevo Cat. Fl. Vasc. Venezuela: 270 (2008)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Mexico to Tropical America. It is a liana and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome. It is used as a medicine.


Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E.

Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia.

bejuco canastilla, bejuco de chapolas, bejuco de cruz, bejuco peinemico, bejuquillo, erizo, garrotillo, peine, peine de mico, peinemico, rallo de mico

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá.

Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 1690 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Pacífico, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Trepadora, liana
Preocupación Menor

Biogeografic region: Amazonia, Andean, Caribbean, Pacific. Elevation range: 0–1690 m a.s.l. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Atlántico, Bolívar, Caquetá, Cauca, Chocó, Cundinamarca, La Guajira, Magdalena, Nariño, Santander, Sucre, Valle del Cauca.
Liana, Climbing.
National Red List of Colombia (2021): Potential LC.
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, native grassland, artificial - terrestrial.
Bejuquillo, Garrotillo, Peine de mico

Bignoniaceae, Sally Bidgood, Bernard Verdcourt, Kaj Vollesen. Cobaeaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2006

Morphology General Habit
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 2–3-foliolate, the terminal one often replaced by a tendril.
Morphology Leaves Leaflets
Leaflets ovate or ± round, 3.3–18 × 2–15 cm, cordate at base, acuminate at apex.
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petioles 3–7 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences terminal, up to 15-flowered.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 8–12 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white with yellow throat, tubular-campanulate, 3.5–6 cm long often with 90° bend in middle of tube.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit oblong to ellipsoid, 24–31 × 5–7.5 cm, echinate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds oblong, ± 7 × 2.5 cm including the extensive hyaline wings.
Native of Mexico to Northern Argentina and Uruguay. Has been grown in Kenya: Nairobi, Karen, 11 Jan. 1973, R.R. Scott in EA 15244.


Use Medicines
Medical uses.

Common Names

Monkey Comb


  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

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  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

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  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants.
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants.
  • Kew Science Photographs

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  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia