Amphilophium crucigerum (L.) L.G.Lohmann

First published in O.Hokche, P.E.Berry & O.Huber (eds.), Nuevo Cat. Fl. Vasc. Venezuela: 270 (2008)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Mexico to Tropical America. It is a liana and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome. It is used as a medicine.

Descriptions

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
bejuco canastilla, bejuco de chapolas, bejuco de cruz, bejuco peinemico, bejuquillo, erizo, garrotillo, peine, peine de mico, peinemico, rallo de mico
[UNAL]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 1690 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Pacífico, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Trepadora, liana
Conservation
Preocupación Menor
[CPLC]

Distribution
Biogeografic region: Amazonia, Andean, Caribbean, Pacific. Elevation range: 0–1690 m a.s.l. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Atlántico, Bolívar, Caquetá, Cauca, Chocó, Cundinamarca, La Guajira, Magdalena, Nariño, Santander, Sucre, Valle del Cauca.
Habit
Liana, Climbing.
Conservation
National Red List of Colombia (2021): Potential LC.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, native grassland, artificial - terrestrial.
Vernacular
Bejuquillo, Garrotillo, Peine de mico
[UPFC]

Bignoniaceae, Sally Bidgood, Bernard Verdcourt, Kaj Vollesen. Cobaeaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2006

Morphology General Habit
Climber.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 2–3-foliolate, the terminal one often replaced by a tendril.
Morphology Leaves Leaflets
Leaflets ovate or ± round, 3.3–18 × 2–15 cm, cordate at base, acuminate at apex.
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petioles 3–7 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences terminal, up to 15-flowered.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 8–12 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white with yellow throat, tubular-campanulate, 3.5–6 cm long often with 90° bend in middle of tube.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit oblong to ellipsoid, 24–31 × 5–7.5 cm, echinate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds oblong, ± 7 × 2.5 cm including the extensive hyaline wings.
Note
Native of Mexico to Northern Argentina and Uruguay. Has been grown in Kenya: Nairobi, Karen, 11 Jan. 1973, R.R. Scott in EA 15244.
[FTEA]

Uses

Use Medicines
Medical uses.
[UPFC]

Common Names

English
Monkey Comb

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0