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This species is accepted, and its native range is India (Maharashtra).

[KBu]

Malpure, N.V. & Yadav, S.R. 2009. Chlorophytum gothanense, a new species of Anthericaceae from the Western Ghats of India. Kew Bulletin 64: 739. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-009-9165-8

Conservation
Only known from the type locality therefore considered Data Deficient (DD) until more material is found from other locations.
Cytology
The somatic chromosome count of the species is 2n=28.
Distribution
India.
Ecology
Growing in the crevices on open exposed lateritic plateaus; 965 m. The common associates are HabenariaheyneanaLindl., H. panchganiensisSantapau & Kapadia, Hedyotis spp., Hypoxisaurea Lour., Impatiens acaulisArn., I. balsamina L., I. tomentosaHeyne ex Wight & Arn., Sonerilascapigera Hook., Neanotislatifolia (Dalzell) Deb & R. M. Dutta, Lepidagathis spp., etc.
Morphology General Habit
Perennial tuberous herbs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 5 – 11, all radical, sessile, imbricate at base; leaf lamina 7 – 37 × 1.5 – 3 cm, lanceolate to lorate or ensiform, slightly falcate, subcoriaceous, channelled, 14 – 18 veined, apex acute-acuminate, margins hyaline
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white, 2.4 – 2.6 cm across, bracteate, pedicellate, usually in alternate clusters, each consisting of 1 – 3 flowers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 6, 0.7 – 1.0 cm long, spreading, erect; filaments 0.4 – 0.5 cm long, white, linear throughout, equal or shorter than the anthers, glabrous; anthers 0.4 – 0.5 cm long, yellow, 2-celled, dehiscing by longitudinal slits
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 2 – 3 mm broad, sessile, green, globose; style 1.2 – 1.3 cm long, spreading, declinate; stigma minutely papillose at apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth segments 6, in two whorls of 3 each, divergent in flower, outer perianth segments 1.2 – 1.4 × 0.3 – 0.4 cm, ovate-elliptic, 5-nerved, white, apex acute Inner perianth segments 1.3 – 1.4 × 0.3 – 0.4 cm, lanceolate, flat, 5-nerved, white, apex obtuse
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsules green, brown to black at dehiscence, triquetrous to 3-sulcate, 0.7 – 0.9 × 0.6 – 0.8 cm, obcordate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Floral bracts large, subtending many smaller bracts, 0.7 – 1.0 × 0.3 – 0.4 cm, persistent, acute with triangular base, margins hyaline; pedicels 0.9 – 1.3 cm long, whitish, jointed at the middle, nodding in flower, disarticulating at the joint, lower part of the pedicel cylindric, persistent, 0.6 – 0.8 cm long, elongating in fruit up to 1.3 cm, part above the joint cylindric, falling of with the flower or fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Scape
Scape 1(2), to 35 cm long, unbranched, usually longer than leaves, without sterile bracts in the lower portion
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 1 – 4 in each cell, 2.3 – 4 mm across, orbicular, discoid, black
Morphology Roots
Root tubers 5 – 13, stalked, elliptic, fusiform, up to 15 cm long
Note
The specific epithet gothanense refers to Gothane plateau in Ratnagiri District of Maharashtra State from where the species was first collected. Chlorophytumgothanense is similar to C. borivilianumSantapau & R. R. Fern. but differs in the characters listed in Table 1.
Phenology
Flowering July – Sept.; fruiting Aug. – Sept.
Type
India, Maharashtra, Ratnagiri, Gothane (17°05.355′ N, 3°45.534′ E), 23 July 2005, Malpure 2 (holotypus CAL; isotypi BSI, K, Shivaji University Herbarium).

Native to:

India

Chlorophytum gothanense Malpure & S.R.Yadav appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Kew Bull. 64: 739 (2009 publ. 2010)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Bulletin

  • Awas, Tesfaye & Nordal, I. (2007). Benishangul Gumuz Region in Ethiopia: a centre of endemism for Chlorophytum — with a description of C. pseudocaule sp. nov. (Anthericaceae). Kew Bull. 62: 129 – 132.
  • Bjora, C. S., Hoell, G., Kativu, S. & Nordal, I. (2008). New taxa of Chlorophytum (Anthericaceae) from southern tropical Africa with notes on their sister group relationships. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 157: 223 – 238.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  • Conran, J. G. (1998). Anthericaceae. In: K. Kubitzki, (ed.), Families & Genera of Vascular plants. Monocotyledones. Vol III. Springer, Berlin.
  • Govaerts, R. (2006). World Checklist of Asparagaceae. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.kew.org/wcsp/ accessed 20 October 2008; 08:30 IST.
  • Hooker, J. D. (1892). The Flora of British India. Vol. VI, L. Reeve & Co. London.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S. K., Nayar, M. P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae IndicaeEnumeratio: Monocotyledonae. Flora of India Series 4. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Mabberley, D. J. (2000). The Plant Book. Ed. 2. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Nordal, I., Kativu, S. & Poulsen, A. D. (1997). Anthericaceae. In: R. M. Polhill (ed.), Flora of Tropical East Africa. A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam.
  • Poulsen, A. D. & Nordal, I. (1999). Two new species of Chlorophytum from central Africa. Kew Bull. 54: 941 – 949.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  • Sardesai, M. M., Gaikwad, S. P. & Yadav, S. R. (2006). A new species of Chlorophytum (Anthericaceae) from Western Ghats, India. Kew Bull. 61: 269 – 271.
  • Sharma, B. D., Karthikeyan, S. & Singh, N. P. (1996). Flora of Maharashtra State: Monocotyledones. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Yadav, S. R., Potdar, G. G., Anil Kumar, Otaghvari, A. M. & Anand Sonkar (2008 publ. 2009). Eriocaulonepedunculatum, a new species of Eriocaulaceae from the Western Ghats, India. Kew Bull. 63: 503 – 505.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Bulletin
Kew Bulletin
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0