Chusquea elata (Kunth) L.G.Clark

First published in Syst. Bot. 34: 681 (2009)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is S. Ecuador. It is a bamboo and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome.

Descriptions

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
cerbatana, sobretana
[UNAL]

Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms erect; reed-like; 100-1500 cm long; woody. Culm-internodes terete; solid. Lateral branches lacking. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades erect; linear; 80-120 cm long; 20-40 mm wide; coriaceous; stiff. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted; linear, or lanceolate; 15-40 cm long; 3-5 cm wide. Primary panicle branches 2-5 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 3 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 3 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate; 1 mm long; 0.66 length of upper glume; coriaceous; without keels. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume ovate; 1.5 mm long; 0.33 length of adjacent fertile lemma; coriaceous; without keels. Upper glume apex acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets similar; barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 1.5 mm long; 0.5 length of fertile lemma; coriaceous; acute. Lemma of upper sterile floret ovate; 2 mm long. Fertile lemma elliptic; 3 mm long; coriaceous; without keel. Lemma apex acute.
Distribution
South America: western South America.
Reference
Bambuseae. WDC 2012.
[GB]

Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean. Elevation range: 2500–4000 m a.s.l. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Caldas, Cauca, Nariño, Putumayo, Risaralda, Valle del Cauca.
Habit
Herb.
[UPFC]

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/45960/11021481

Conservation
EN - endangered
[IUCN]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 2500 - 4000 m.; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada
[CPLC]

Sources

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0