Chusquea mollis (Swallen) L.G.Clark

First published in Syst. Bot. 34: 681 (2009)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Colombia to Venezuela. It is a bamboo and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome.

Descriptions

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 2400 - 3000 m.; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada
[CPLC]

Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph; knotty. Culms erect; 150-450 cm long. Lateral branches lacking. Leaf-sheaths longer than adjacent culm internode; smooth; glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath oral hairs setose. Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 10-20 mm long; membranous; brown; lacerate. Leaf-blade base with a false petiole. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 20-75 cm long; 20-40 mm wide; coriaceous. Leaf-blade surface pilose; sparsely hairy; hairy adaxially. Leaf-blade margins scabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; lanceolate; 45-80 cm long; contracted about primary branches. Primary panicle branches appressed, or ascending; 10-20 cm long; bearing spikelets almost to the base. Panicle axis pubescent. Panicle branches pubescent. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 2 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 2 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate; 1 mm long; coriaceous; 1-keeled. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume ovate; 1 mm long; coriaceous; 1-keeled. Upper glume apex obtuse.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets similar; barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong; coriaceous. Fertile lemma ovate; 2 mm long; coriaceous; without keel. Lemma surface scaberulous. Lemma apex acute. Palea coriaceous; without keels.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 3. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
Distribution
South America: western South America.
Reference
Bambuseae. Swallen 1996.
[GB]

Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean. Elevation range: 2000–3000 m a.s.l. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Caquetá, Cauca, Norte de Santander, Santander.
Habit
Herb.
[UPFC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 2000 - 3000 m.; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada
[CPLC]

Sources

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0