Cenchrus purpureus (Schumach.) Morrone

First published in Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 106: 129 (2010)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Sahara to Tropical Africa, Aldabra, Arabian Peninsula. It is a perennial or rhizomatous geophyte and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome. It is used as animal food, a medicine and invertebrate food, has environmental uses and social uses and for fuel and food.

Distribution

Doubtfully present in:

Saudi Arabia

Native to:

Aldabra, Algeria, Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Oman, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Alabama, Andaman Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, California, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Fiji, Florida, French Guiana, Galápagos, Gilbert Is., Guatemala, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, India, Jamaica, Jawa, Kazan-retto, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Madeira, Malaya, Maluku, Marianas, Marshall Is., Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Morocco, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Zealand North, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niue, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Ogasawara-shoto, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Rodrigues, Réunion, Samoa, Society Is., Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Taiwan, Texas, Thailand, Trinidad-Tobago, Tubuai Is., Uruguay, Venezuela, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, Windward Is.

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6. Scientific Data 8: 215.
  • Middleton, D.J. & al. (eds.) (2019). Flora of Singapore 7: 1-525. Singapore Botanic Gardens.

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Kew Backbone Distributions

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  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
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  • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
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Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
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  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • FPI (2021). Food Plants International. https://fms.cmsvr.com/fmi/webd/Food_Plants_World?homeurl=https://foodplantsinternational.com/plants/
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  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/
  • Willis, K.J. (ed.) (2017). State of the World’s Plants 2017. Report. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Zollinger, H. [2367] Pennisetum macrostachyum K000290601 isotype Yes
Jun 1, 2004 Gosline, G. [282], Cameroon Pennisetum purpureum K000746240 No
Jun 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [4487], Cameroon Pennisetum purpureum K000107927 No
Jun 1, 2001 Cable, S. [894], Cameroon Pennisetum purpureum K000107887 No
Feb 1, 1996 Patterson, C. [6], Cameroon Pennisetum purpureum K000107946 No
Jan 1, 1996 Marsden, J. [27], Cameroon Pennisetum purpureum K000731226 No
Jan 1, 1994 Thomas, D.W. [9899], Cameroon Pennisetum purpureum K000510853 No
Jan 1, 1994 Cheek, M. [5208], Cameroon Pennisetum purpureum K000510856 No
Jan 1, 1993 Casas, F. [11465], Equatorial Guinea Pennisetum purpureum K000731232 No
Jan 1, 1993 Carvalho [4539], Equatorial Guinea Pennisetum purpureum K000731233 No
Jan 1, 1981 Friis, I. [170], Sudan Pennisetum purpureum K000731236 No
Jan 19, 1977 Lowe, J. [2956], Cameroon Pennisetum purpureum K000731227 No
Oct 1, 1962 Brunt, M. [592], Cameroon Pennisetum purpureum K000731228 No
Oct 1, 1931 Brown [836], Ghana Pennisetum purpureum K000281313 Yes
Gossweiler, J. [5896], Angola Pennisetum purpureum K000281292 holotype Yes
Vogel, Nigeria Pennisetum purpureum K000281312 syntype Yes
Vogel, Nigeria Pennisetum purpureum K000281311 syntype Yes
Vogel, Equatorial Guinea Pennisetum purpureum K000281310 syntype Yes
Chipp. [1011], Ghana Pennisetum purpureum K000281314 Yes
Smitinand, T. [6124], Thailand Pennisetum purpureum K000688365 No
Folli, D.A. [2619], Brazil Pennisetum purpureum K001106086 Yes
Paciornik, E.F. [32], Brazil Pennisetum purpureum K001106088 Yes
Irwin, H.S. [14139], Brazil Pennisetum purpureum K001106089 Yes
Imaguire, N. [3358], Brazil Pennisetum purpureum K001106090 Yes
Eiten, G. [2899], Brazil Pennisetum purpureum K001106094 Yes
Hatschbach, G. [15856], Brazil Pennisetum purpureum K001106095 Yes
Pilz, G.E. [2628], Nigeria Pennisetum purpureum K000731218 No
Brummitt, R.K. [10553], Malawi Pennisetum purpureum K000731244 No
Aslte, W.L. [2131], Zambia Pennisetum purpureum K000731251 No
Hepper, F.N. [1852], Nigeria Pennisetum purpureum K000731225 No
Wild, H. [2656], Mozambique Pennisetum purpureum K000731239 No
Blair Rains, A. [204], Nigeria Pennisetum purpureum K000731219 No
Ward, J.F. [48], Nigeria Pennisetum purpureum K000731223 No
Wild, H. [3367], Zimbabwe Pennisetum purpureum K000731253 No
Harrison, M.N. [489], Sudan Pennisetum purpureum K000731237 No
Hepper, F.N. [1323], Nigeria Pennisetum purpureum K000731229 No
Crook, A.O. [P68], Zimbabwe Pennisetum purpureum K000731254 No
Richards, H.M. [9416], Zambia Pennisetum purpureum K000731248 No
Gutzwiller [773], Congo Pennisetum purpureum K000731231 No
Eiten, G. [7391], Brazil Pennisetum purpureum K001106091 Yes
Robinson, E.A. [601], Zambia Pennisetum purpureum K000731250 No
Saadou, M. [2372], Niger Pennisetum purpureum K000731213 No
Van der Ben, D. [586], Congo Pennisetum purpureum K000731234 No
Gilliland, H.B. [189], Zimbabwe Pennisetum purpureum K000731255 No
Banda, E.A. [3341], Malawi Pennisetum purpureum K000731240 No
Sorensen, Th. [2633], Thailand Pennisetum purpureum K000688366 No
Strang, H.E. [189], Brazil Pennisetum purpureum K001106096 Yes
Mitchell, B.L. [2627], Zambia Pennisetum purpureum K000731249 No
Baldwin, J.T. Jr. [10145], Liberia Pennisetum purpureum K000731217 No
Smith, P.P. [972], Zambia Pennisetum purpureum K000731252 No
Deighton, F.C. [3272], Sierra Leone Pennisetum purpureum K000731216 No
Latilo [FHI66276], Nigeria Pennisetum purpureum K000731220 No
Kivu, L. [679], Congo Pennisetum purpureum K000731235 No
De Witte [3977], Congo Pennisetum purpureum K000731230 No
FNH [8005], Côte d'Ivoire Pennisetum purpureum K000731215 No
Lawlor, D.W. [625], Nigeria Pennisetum purpureum K000731222 No
Phiri, R. [62], Zambia Pennisetum purpureum K000731246 No
Irwin, H.S. [5748], Brazil Pennisetum purpureum K001106093 Yes
Jackson, J.K. [358], Sudan Pennisetum purpureum K000731238 No
de Lemos, F. [23], Mozambique Pennisetum purpureum K000731243 No
Lawesson, J.E. [5427], Senegal Pennisetum purpureum K000731210 No
Strid, A. [2460], Zambia Pennisetum purpureum K000731247 No
Saadou, M. [2273], Niger Pennisetum purpureum K000731214 No
Yeates [250/89], Mali Pennisetum purpureum K000731211 No
Salubeni, A.J. [1958], Malawi Pennisetum purpureum K000731245 No
Salubeni, A.J. [3885], Malawi Pennisetum purpureum K000731241 No
Smith, S. [2936], Brazil Pennisetum purpureum K001106087 Yes
Brass, L.J. [17100], Malawi Pennisetum purpureum K000731242 No
Lowe, J. [4309], Brazil Pennisetum purpureum K001106092 Yes
Gwynne [1107B], Seychelles Pennisetum purpureum K000731256 No

Sources

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
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    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
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    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
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    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
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    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
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    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
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    • Copyright applied to individual images
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    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0