Cenchrus orientalis (Rich.) Morrone

First published in Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 106: 128 (2010)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is N. Africa to Caucasus and Indian Subcontinent. It is a perennial or rhizomatous geophyte and grows primarily in the subtropical biome.

Distribution

Native to:

Afghanistan, Algeria, Bangladesh, East Himalaya, Egypt, Gulf States, India, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon-Syria, Morocco, Myanmar, Nepal, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Sinai, Socotra, Sri Lanka, Tadzhikistan, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkmenistan, West Himalaya

Introduced into:

Cuba, Greece, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Leeward Is., Marianas, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southwest, New Guinea, Spain, Trinidad-Tobago

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6. Scientific Data 8: 215.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • (2019). https://doi.org/10.2436/20.1502.01.18. epublication.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Bor, N.L. (1968). Flora of Iraq 9: 1-588. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
  • Fedtschenko, B.A. & al. (1932). Flora Turkmenii 1: 1-340. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad.
  • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
  • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand. Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Ovczinnikov, P.N. (ed.) (1957). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 1: 1-547. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
  • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 1960 McNeill [439], Turkey Pennisetum orientale K000731175 No
Jan 1, 1960 Davis [D28512], Turkey Pennisetum orientale K000731176 No
Jan 1, 1960 McNeill [350], Turkey Pennisetum orientale K000731174 No
Jan 1, 1957 Polunin, O. [3983], Nepal Pennisetum orientale K000731209 No
Jan 1, 1957 Stainton. [7032], Nepal Pennisetum orientale K000731207 No
Jan 1, 1957 Polunin, O. [5206], Nepal Pennisetum orientale K000731208 No
s.coll. [s.n.], India Pennisetum orientale K000245386 Unknown type material Yes
Bove, N. [19], Egypt Pennisetum orientale K000244610 Yes
Fischer [s.n.], Iran Pennisetum orientale K001056144 Yes
Davis [19619], Turkey Pennisetum orientale K000731171 No
Koul, K.K. [K109], India Pennisetum orientale K000731199 No
s.coll [206], India Pennisetum orientale K000731205 No
Karimi [9497], Iran Pennisetum orientale K000731185 No
Davis [37948], Turkey Pennisetum orientale K000731173 No
Collenette, I.S. [5242], Saudi Arabia Pennisetum orientale K000731187 No
Coode, M.J.E. [721], Turkey Pennisetum orientale K000731170 No
Koelz, W. [21005], India Pennisetum orientale K000731204 No
Stewart, R.R. [9615], Pakistan Pennisetum orientale K000731201 No
Muhammad, R. [94-1], Pakistan Pennisetum orientale K000731194 No
s.coll [3720], Iraq Pennisetum orientale K000731181 No
s.coll. [s.n.], India Pennisetum orientale K001056143 Yes
Podlech, D. [17856], Afghanistan Pennisetum orientale K000731191 No
Sinclair, I.W.J. [5600], Bhutan Pennisetum orientale K000731206 Yes
Pag [10186E], Iran Pennisetum orientale K000731182 No
Collenette, I.S. [4401], Saudi Arabia Pennisetum orientale K000731186 No
Dixon, S. [125/99], Pakistan Pennisetum orientale K000731200 No
Fawzi Karim [2363], Jordan Pennisetum orientale K000731177 No
Kralik [s.n.], Algeria Pennisetum orientale K000731195 No
Stewart, R.R. [21446], Pakistan Pennisetum orientale K000731202 No
Soder, I. [338], Iran Pennisetum orientale K000731184 No
Stocks, J.E. [s.n.], Pakistan Pennisetum orientale K001056145 Yes
Koelz, W. [11750], Afghanistan Pennisetum orientale K000731190 No
s.coll [SC94/14], Oman Pennisetum orientale K000731188 No
Podlech, D. [17781], Afghanistan Pennisetum orientale K000731193 No
Podlech, D. [17564], Afghanistan Pennisetum orientale K000731192 No
Schimper, W. [115], Egypt Pennisetum sinaicum K000731189 No

Sources

  • GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images