Piptolepis schultziana Loeuille & D.J.N.Hind

This species is accepted, and its native range is Brazil (Minas Gerais: Serra do Cipó).


Loeuille, B., Semir, J., Hind, D.J.N. et al. 2012. Kew Bulletin 67: 11. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-012-9325-0

According to available information Piptolepis schultziana can be scored, using IUCN conservation criteria (IUCN 2001), as Endangered (EN), since its area of occurrence is smaller than 5,000 km2, its area of occupancy is smaller than 500 km2, and it is known from no more than five localities EN (criteria B1a, B2a).
Endemic to Brazil (Minas Gerais).
Campos rupestres, amongst rocks.
Morphology General Habit
Shrub to 1.5 m
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, simple, slightly imbricate, patent to ascending, shortly petiolate; petioles pad-like 1.7 – 3.4 mm long; blade narrow elliptic to wide elliptic, more rarely ovate or obovate, 1 – 1.8 × 0.4 – 0.7 cm, glabrescent, shiny and green, black glandular dotted adaxially, light green, densely velutinous abaxially, hairs simple, uniseriate, midrib prominent beneath, sunken above, venation brochidodromous, margins entire, fringed when young, apex obtuse, base attenuate to obtuse
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Florets 17 – 29, hermaphrodite, fertile; corolla actinomorphic, 5-lobed, lilac to whitish, corolla tube 4.4 – 7.9 × 0.4 – 1.2 mm, glandular-punctate, corolla throat 1.6 – 2.3 × 0.9 – 1.3 mm, corolla lobes 1.1 – 3.7 × 0.4 – 0.6 mm, apices acute, mamillose; apical anther appendages acute, more than twice as long as wide, anther base long-sagittate; style 0.95 – 1.4 cm long, style shaft glabrous throughout except for pubescent upper c. 0.8 mm beneath style arms, style arms 2.1 – 2.9 mm long, short pubescent outside throughout length, style base glabrous, lacking basal node
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Capitulum
Capitula homogamous, discoid, sessile, often surrounded by foliage leaves, terminal on upper branches; involucre campanulate, 7.5 – 10 × 5 – 7 mm; phyllaries 5-seriate, weakly imbricate, outer phyllaries widely trullate, 2.25 – 5 × 0.6 – 2 mm, apex acute, tomentose to subvillous, rarely glabrescent, stramineous, inner phyllaries linear to lanceolate, 6.6 – 8.8 × 0.95 – 2.1 mm, apex obtuse to acute, glabrescent, stramineous, apical portion brownish, deciduous; receptacle flat, naked
Morphology Stem
Stems well-branched, slightly flattened, furrowed, yellowish green tomentose when young, becoming cylindrical and greyish brown with age, leaf scars triangular, distinctive on leafless portions of stem
Piptolepis schultziana combines characteristics of both of Schultz-Bipontinus’s sections, possessing larger leaves and solitary capitula, so it is not assigned to any section and indicates the need for further studies in the genus before proposing a new infrageneric classification. P. schultziana can be confused with P. buxoides, but that species has narrower leaves (3 – 4 mm vs 4 – 7 mm) and fewer florets per capitulum (12 – 13 vs 17 – 29). To date, P. schultziana is known only from the northwestern extension of Serra do Cipó and south of the Planalto de Diamantina. This species is named after the German physician and botanist, Carl Heinrich Schultz (1805 – 1867), name often written as Carl Heinrich Schultz Bipontinus, who described the genus Piptolepis in 1863.

Native to:

Brazil Southeast

Piptolepis schultziana Loeuille & D.J.N.Hind appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2013 Loeuille, B. [72], Brazil K000965286
Jan 1, 2012 Pirani, J.R. [4179], Brazil K000965288
Jan 1, 2012 Glaziou, A.F.M. [19552], Brazil K000965287
Loeuille, B. [20], Brazil K000965285
Loeuille, B. [76], Minas Gerais K001092363 isotype

First published in Kew Bull. 67: 12 (2012)

Accepted by

  • A synopsis of Lychnophorinae (Asteraceae: Vernonieae) (2019). Loeuille, B., Semir, J. & Pirani, J.R. Phytotaxa 398: 1-139.
  • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.


Kew Bulletin

  • Baker, J. G. (1873). Compositae I. Vernoniaceae. In: C. F. P. von Martius† & A. W. Eichler (eds), Flora Brasiliensis 6(2): 5 – 180. Fried. Fleischer, Münich, Vienna, Leipzig.
  • Beauverd, G. (1913). Contribution à l’étude des Composées (suite VIII). Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève, Ser. II, 5: 239 – 244.
  • Candolle, A. P. de (1836). Vernoniaceae. ProdromusSystematis Naturalis RegniVegetabilis…, v. 5, p. 9 – 103. Treutel et Würtz, Paris.
  • Hind, D. J. N. (2003). Flora of Grão-Mogol, Minas Gerais: Compositae (Asteraceae). Bol. Bot. Univ. São Paulo 21(1): 179 – 234.
  • IUCN (2001). IUCN Red List Categories: version 3.1. Prepared by the IUCN Species Survival Commission. IUCN, Gland and Cambridge. http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/categories-and-criteria/2001-categories-criteria [accessed June 2010].
  • Jeffrey, C. F. & Hind, D. J. N. (1994). The typification of Piptolepis Sch. Bip. (Compositae), nom. cons. Taxon 43: 94 – 96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  • Lessing, C. F. (1829). De synantherisherbariiregiiberolinensisdissertatio prima. Vernonieae. Linnaea 4: 240 – 356.
  • McNeill, J., Barrie, F. R., Burdet, H. M., Demoulin, V., Hawksworth, D. L., Marhold, K., Nicolson, D. H., Prado, J., Silva, P. C., Skog, J. E., Wiersema, J. H. & Turland, N. J. (eds) (2006). International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (Vienna Code). Regnum Veg. 146.
  • Robinson, H. (2006) [2007]. Vernonieae. In: J. Kadereit & C. Jeffrey (vol. eds) The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, series ed.): Vol. 8: Asterales. 149 – 174. Springer. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.
  • Saint-Hilaire, A. (1833). Voyage dans le District des Diamants et sur le Littoral du Brésil, vol. 1. Librairie Gide, Paris.
  • Schultz-Bipontinus, C. H. (1863) [1864]. Lychnophora Martius! und einigebenachbarteGattungen. Jahresber. Pollichia 20/21: 321 – 439.

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

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    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0