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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical America.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 600 - 2000 m.; Andes, Pacífico, Valle del Cauca.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
Preocupación Menor

[FWTA]

Labiatae, J. K. Morton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
A tall, erect, aromatic, rather scabrid herb
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers very small, corolla white with mauve marks on the lip
Ecology
A weed of roadsides and cultivated land, often occurring in damp places.

[FTEA]

Lamiaceae (Labiatae), A.J. Paton, G. Bramley, O. Ryding, R.M. Polhill, Y.B. Harvey, M. Iwarsson, F. Willis, P.B. Phillipson, K. Balkwill, C.W. Lukhoba, D.F. Otieno, & R.M. Harley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

Type
Type: origin unknown, West Indies or Sierra Leone, Smeathman s.n. (P-LAM, holo.)
Morphology General Habit
Annual herb, 0.3–2.5 m tall, with strong rather unpleasant smell
Morphology Stem
Stem erect, developing numerous flowering branches above, quadrangular, with short retrorse hairs and sessile glands on the faces and small recurved prickles on the angles
Morphology Leaves
Leaf blades elliptic-lanceolate to ovate, 2.5–10 × 1–4 cm, coarsely serrate, acute at apex, cuneate at base, with tiny rigid hairs especially near margins and along veins beneath; petiole 0.5–4 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences terminal, spike-like, composed of many subsessile overlapping cymes; cymes ± 10–20-flowered, congested, slightly 1-sided; bracts leaf-like, smaller upwards; bracteoles numerous, linear, 3–5 mm long, coarsely ciliate, giving the inflorescence a bristly appearance
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 3.5–4(–7 in fruit) mm long; tube campanulate, becoming elongately urceolate, covered in sessile glands and with long hairs toward apex and around the mouth; lobes linear-subulate, 2–3 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white fading mauve-pink, 3–4 mm long, pubescent distally
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets pale to occasionally dark brown, oblong-ellipsoid, slightly compressed, with a slight median ridge, 1.5–1.6 × 0.9–1.1 mm, smooth.
Ecology
By rivers, lakes and swamps, flood plains, cultivated areas; 25–1050 m
Conservation
Least concern; widely distributed
Note
Several collectors in Uganda and Sudan note that the seeds are used in cooking for their oil.
Distribution
Range: Native of tropical America, possibly Brazilian in origin, now widespread in tropical and South Africa, also elsewhere Flora districts: U1 U 2/U4 U4 T4 T6 T7 T8

Native to:

Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Florida, French Guiana, Galápagos, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Peru, Puerto Rico, Venezuela

Introduced into:

Angola, Benin, Borneo, Botswana, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Lesser Sunda Is., Malawi, Mali, Maluku, Marianas, Niger, Nigeria, Philippines, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Sulawesi, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

Cantinoa americana (Aubl.) Harley & J.F.B.Pastore appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Oct 11, 2012 Zanoni, T. et al. [43901] K000735606
Jun 20, 2012 Bernacci et al. [1736], Brazil K000735455
Jun 1, 2012 Pringle, C.G. [6559], Morelos K000735429 epitype
Jun 1, 2012 Pringle, C.G. [6559], Morelos K000820704 epitype
Apr 24, 2006 Mostacedo [2167], Bolivia Hyptis spicigera K000194395
Mar 29, 2006 Naessany [68], Bolivia Hyptis spicigera K000194337
Jul 27, 1972 Whyte, A. [s.n.], Malawi Hyptis spicigera K000347155 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1964 Eyma, P.J. [3371], Indonesia Hyptis spicigera K000855940
Jan 1, 1927 Wright, C. [3154], Cuba Hyptis spicigera K000488263 isotype
Feb 11, 1918 Elbert, J. [2897], Indonesia Hyptis spicigera K000855939
Milne-Redhead, E. [10475], Tanzania Hyptis spicigera 25457.000
Harley, R.M. [21451], Brazil Hyptis spicigera 52066.000
Lambert [s.n.], Madagascar Hyptis spicigera K000347156
Bojer [s.n.], Madagascar Hyptis spicigera K000347158
Baron, R. [5508], Madagascar Hyptis spicigera K000347157
Riedel, J.G.F. [s.n.], Indonesia Hyptis spicigera K000855938
Bermejos, J. [188], Philippines Hyptis spicigera K000896425
Vidal, S. [3469], Philippines Hyptis spicigera K000896421
Copeland, E.B. [540], Philippines Hyptis spicigera K000896423
Merrill, E.D. [108], Philippines Hyptis spicigera K000896428
Loher, A. [4181], Philippines Hyptis spicigera K000896424
Merrill, E.D. [3293], Philippines Hyptis spicigera K000896426
Vidal, S. [3496], Philippines Hyptis spicigera K000896422
Motley, J. [417], Indonesia Hyptis spicigera K000855937
Whitford, H.N. [s.n.], Philippines Hyptis spicigera K000896427

First published in Phytotaxa 58: 9 (2012)

Accepted by

  • Bramley, G.L.C. (2019). Flora Malesiana 23: 1-444. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Berhaut, J. (1975). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 4: 1-625. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Bramley, G.L.C. (2019). Flora Malesiana 23: 1-444. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (2012). Flora Mesoamericana 4(2): 1-533. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • Harley, R.M. (2012). Checklist and key of genera and species of the Lamiaceae of the Brazilian Amazon Rodriguésia; Revista do Instituto de Biologia Vegetal, Jardim Botânico e Estaçao Biologica do Itatiaya 63: 129-144.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
  • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R., Harvey, Y., Iwarsson, M., Willis, F., Phillipson, P., Balkwill, K., Lukhoba, C., Otiend, D & Harley (2009). Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-430.
  • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R.M., Harvey, Y.B., Iwarsson, M., Otieno, D., Balkwill, K., Phillipson, P.B., Harley, R.M. & Willis, F. (2013). Flora Zambesiaca 8(8): 1-346. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/