Eragrostis episcopulus Lambdon, Darlow, Clubbe & Cope

First published in Kew Bull. 68: 123 (2012)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is St. Helena. It is a perennial and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome.


Native to:


POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Lambdon, P. (2012). Flowering plants & ferns of St Helena: 1-624. Pisces publications for St Helena nature conservation group.

Kew Bulletin

  • Ashmole, P. & Ashmole, M. (2000). St Helena and Ascension Island: A Natural History. Anthony Nelson, Oswestry, Shropshire.
  • Bachman, S., Moat, J., Hill, J. W., de la Torre, J. & Scott, B. (2011). Supporting Red List threat assessments with GeoCAT: geospatial conservation assessment tool. ZooKeys 150: 117 – 126.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  • Baker, I. (2010). The St Helena volcanoes. Southern Cross Publishers, Cape Town.
  • Burkill, H. M. (1985). Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa. Vol. 2. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Clayton, W. D. & Harman, K. T. (2002 onwards). World Grass Species: Synonymy. (Microsoft Access database).
  • Cope, T. A. & Pope, G. V. (1999). Poaceae. In: T. A. Cope (ed.), Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 10(2). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Cronk, Q. B. C. (1986). Conservation of the St Helena Endemic Flora: Priorities for an Integrated Environmental Programme. Report to the World Wide Fund for Nature, U.K. Project No. 118/86., WWF.
  • Cronk, Q. B. C. (1989). The past and present vegetation of St Helena. J. Biogeogr. 16: 47 – 64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  • Cronk, Q. B. C. (2000). The Endemic Flora of St Helena. Anthony Nelson, Oswestry, Shropshire.
  • Davis, S. D., Heywood, V. H. & Hamilton, A. C. (1994). Centres of Plant Diversity. A Guide and Strategy for their Conservation. Volume 1. Europe, Africa, South-West Asia and the Middle East. World Wide Fund for Nature and IUCN — the World Conservation Union, Cambridge.
  • Goergen, E. & Daehler, C. C. (2002). Factors affecting seedling recruitment in an invasive grass (Pennisetumsetaceum) and a native grass (Heteropogoncontortus) in the Hawaiian Islands. Pl. Ecol. 161: 147 – 156.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  • IUCN (2001). IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1. IUCN Species Survival Commission, IUCN, Gland and Cambridge.
  • Ingram, A. L. & Doyle, J. J. (2004). Is Eragrostis (Poaceae) monophyletic? Insights from nuclear and plastid sequence data. Syst. Bot. 29: 545 – 552.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  • Ingram, A. L. (2010). Evolution of leaf blade anatomy in Eragrostis (Poaceae). Syst. Bot. 35: 755 – 765.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  • Lambdon, P. W. & Darlow, A. (2008a). Botanical Survey of Ascension Island and St Helena, 2008. A Report on the Current State of Plant Invasions, and their Implications for Conservation and Management. Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, Sandy.
  • Lambdon, P. W. & Darlow, A. (2008b). Database of the Botanical Survey of St Helena, 2008. St Helena Environmental Information System, Legal and Lands Department, Jamestown, St Helena.
  • Melliss, J. C. (1875). St. Helena: A Physical, Historical and Topographical Description of the Island, Including its Geology, Fauna, Flora and Meteorology. L. Reeve & Co., London.
  • Milton, S. J. (2004). Grasses as invasive alien plants in South Africa. S. African J. Sci. 100: 69 – 74.
  • Poulin, J., Sakai, A. K., Weller, S. G. & Nguyen, T. (2007). Phenotypic plasticity, precipitation, and invasiveness in the fire-promoting grass Pennisetumsetaceum (Poaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 94: 533 – 541.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  • Royal Botanic Gardens Kew (2011). Seed Conservation in the UK Overseas Territories.
  • SAS Institute inc. (2002). SAS/STAT® User’s Guide, Version 9.1. SAS Institute inc., Cary, N.C.
  • Skerman, P. J. & Riveros, F. (1990). Tropical Grasses. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.
  • Solander, D. C. (1783). Plantae Insulae Sanctae Helena. Unpublished manuscript held at the British Museum for Natural History, London.
  • St Helena Government (2011). Tourism Strategy 2012 – 2016. St Helena Government, Jamestown. Available online:
  • Tutin, E. D., Heywood, V. H., Burges, N. A., Valentine, D. H., Walters, S. M. & Webb, D. A. (1980). Flora Europaea, Volume 5: Alismataceae to Orchidaceae (Monocotyledones). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Van den Borre, A. & Watson, L. (1994). The infrageneric classification of Eragrostis (Poaceae). Taxon 43: 383 – 422.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  • Wigginton, M. J. (2012). Mosses and Liverworts of St Helena. St Helena Nature Conservation Group, Pisces Publications, Newbury.
  • Williams, R. O. (1989). Plants on St Helena. Privately published, Jamestown, St Helena.
  • terBraak, C. J. F. & Smilauer, P. (2002). CANOCO Reference Manual: Software for Canonical Community Ordination (version 4.5). Microcomputer Power, Ithaca, N.Y.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Lambdon, P. (2012). Flowering plants & ferns of St Helena: 1-624. Pisces publications for St Helena nature conservation group.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:


  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants.
  • Kew Bulletin

    • Kew Bulletin
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants.