Hydnoraceae C.Agardh

First published in Aphor. Bot. 88. 1821 [21 Dec 1821] (1821)nom. cons.
This name is a synonym of Aristolochiaceae


  • APG III. (2009). An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161(3): 105-121.
  • Heywood, V.H. (2007). Hydnoraceae. In: V.H. Heywood, R.K. Brummitt, A. Culham and O. Seberg (eds.). P.169. Flowering Plant Families of the World. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Musselman, L.J. & Visser, L.J. (1986). The strangest plant in the World!. Veld and Flora 71: 109-111.
  • Musselman, L.J. (2004). Hydnoraceae. In: Smith, N., Mori, S.A., Henderson, A., Stevenson, D.W. and Heald, S.V. (eds.). Flowering Plants of the Neotropics. Pp. 187-188. The New York Botanical Garden, Princeton University Press, Princeton.
  • Nickrent D.L., Blarer A., Qiu Yin-Long, Soltis D.E., Soltis P.S., and Zanis M. (2002). Molecular data place Hydnoraceae with Aristolochiaceae. American Journal of Botany 89:1809-1817.
  • Nickrent, D. (accessed Nov (2010). Hydnoraceae. In: Parasitic Plants Connection website.  http://www.parasiticplants.siu.edu/Hydnoraceae/index.html
  • Stevens, P. F. (2008). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 9 onwards. http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/
  • Watson, L. and Dallwitz, M.J. (1992) onwards). The Families of Flowering Plants: Descriptions, Illustrations, Identification, and Information Retrieval. Version 3rd March (2009). http://delta-intkey.com

Flora of Somalia

  • Cuf. Enum. 36–38 (1953)
  • Fl. Eth. Er. 2(1): 56–58 (2000)
  • Fl. Trop. E. Afr. (2002).
  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by L. J. Musselman [updated by M. Thulin 2008]
  • Harms in Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam., ed. 2, 16b: 282–295 (1935)

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:


  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0