Linderniella trichotoma (Oliv.) Eb.Fisch., Schäferh. & Kai Müll.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

[FWTA]

Scrophulariaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Slender erect herb like the last (Ilysanthes gracilis) and in similar habitats -in moist pockets in rock outcrops.

[FZ]

Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

Morphology General Habit
Erect, slender annual, (3)6–14 cm. tall; stems simple or branched at base, quadrangular, glabrous or slightly pubescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 2–5 x 0.5–0.75(1) mm., oblong-ovate to linear-ovate, obtuse, entire, opposite, smaller above.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers few, distantly racemose, in axils of bract-like reduced leaves, pedicellate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 4–6 mm. long, slender, somewhat deflexed in fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 1.5–3 mm. long, glabrous, prominently 5-nerved; lobes 0.4–0.5 mm. long, lanceolate, acute, ciliolate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla blue or mauve and white, 4–4.5(9) mm. long, upper lip c. 2.5 x 0.5 mm., oblong, bifid at apex with lobes narrowly acute to acuminate, lower lip 3-lobed, lobes oblong, rounded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2 fertile, posterior filaments c. 0.75 mm. long, staminodes two, 0.2(1) mm. long, 0.1(0.5) mm. wide, oblong, obtuse, papillose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule c. 4 x 1.5 mm,, linear-ellipsoid, acute.

[FTEA]

Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

Type
Lectotype: Sudan, Niamniam country, Nganje on Ibba R., Schweinfurth 3991 (B†, holo.  K!, iso.)
Morphology General Habit
Annual herb, (3–)6–20 cm tall, slender.
Morphology Stem
Stems erect, simple or branched at or towards base, quadrangular, glabrous or slightly pubescent
Morphology Leaves
Leaves oblong-ovate to linear-ovate, 2–5 mm long, 0.5–1 mm wide, apex obtuse, margins entire; leaves smaller above
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers few, distantly racemose, in axils of bract-like reduced leaves; pedicels 4–6 mm long, slender, somewhat deflexed in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 1.5–3 mm long, glabrous, prominently 5-veined; lobes lanceolate, 0.4–0.5 mm long, acute, ciliate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla blue or mauve and white with yellow throat, 4–4.5(–9) mm long; upper lip oblong, ± 2.5 mm long, 0.5 mm wide, bifid at apex with lobes narrowly acute to acuminate; lower lip 3-lobed, lobes oblong, rounded
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2, fertile; posterior filaments ± 1 mm long; staminodes 2, oblong, 0.2(–1) mm long, 0.1(–0.5) mm wide, obtuse, papillose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule linear-ellipsoid, ± 4 mm long, 1.5 mm broad, acute.
Ecology
Wet grasslands surrounding rocky outcrops, and water-filled depressions on rocks; 1200–1500 m
Conservation
Lesat Concern (LC); widespread
Note
Dandy made the combination Lindernia schweinfurthii as the name L. trichotoma had previously been used by Schlechter in 1924 (E.J. 59: 107) for a different species. Engler cited three syntypes with his description of Ilysanthes schweinfurthii and I (D.P.) have chosen Schweinfurth 3991 housed at Kew as the lectotype. Dandy clearly thought L. schweinfurthii and L. madiensis were distinct.
Distribution
Flora districts: U1 U2 U3 U4 K2 K5 T1 Range: West and Central Africa, Sudan, Ethiopia, Zambia

[FTEA]
Use
None recorded on specimens from our area

Native to:

Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

Linderniella trichotoma (Oliv.) Eb.Fisch., Schäferh. & Kai Müll. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Tweedie [3082], Kenya Ilysanthes schweinfurthii 28001.000 No
Nov 13, 1998 Speke [s.n.], Uganda Lindernia schweinfurthii K000379620 Unknown type material Yes
Sep 25, 1998 Schweinfurth, G. [3991], Sudan Lindernia schweinfurthii K000405751 Yes
Sep 25, 1998 Schweinfurth, G. [3889], Sudan Lindernia schweinfurthii K000405752 syntype Yes
Barter, C. [s.n.], Nigeria Lindernia schweinfurthii K000405125 Yes

First published in Willdenowia 43: 228 (2013)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Fischer, E. (1999). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi), Scrophulariaceae: 1-217. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.
  • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0