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This species is accepted, and its native range is India (Maharashtra).


Gaikwad, S.P., Garad, K.U. & Gore, R.D. 2014. Crinum solapurense (Amaryllidaceae), a new species from Maharashtra, India. Kew Bulletin 69: 9505. DOI

Crinum solapurense is so far only known from the Bhima River between Machnur (17°33'58.8""N 75°33'36.3""E) and Kusur (17°31'02.4""N 75°38'52.7""E) villages in Solapur district of Maharashtra, India.
The species grows in swampy margins of the Bhima River on black clay soil in association with Cryptocoryne retrospiralis Kunth. at an altitude of about 470 m.
Morphology General Habit
Basal plate woody, conical, 5 – 7 cm long; roots thick, c. 1 cm in diam. Bulbs conical or elongated, laterally compressed or globular-ellipsoid, 10 – 20 × 8 – 15 cm, white or pale pink, turning into deep pink when exposed to light; neck to 30 cm long, cylindrical along with 1 – 10 bulblets
Morphology Leaves
Leaves contemporary with flowers, radical, sturdy, 12 – 27, lanceolate, 40 – 85 × 5 – 7 cm, narrow towards apex, broad at base, deeply channelled, canaliculate or U-shaped; margins entire, minutely spinulate; leaf in cross section with chlorophyllous cells in rings around air channels and vascular bundles alternating with fibre bundles
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers radially symmetric, pedicellate; pedicel up to 1 cm long; perianth tube 9 – 14 cm long, bluntly-angled, straight at anthesis; perianth segments 6, lanceolate, 4 – 7.5 × 1.3 – 1.6 cm, shorter than perianth tube, recurved or sometimes spreading, white, pinkish at keel
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 6, erect at anthesis; filaments 4 – 5.5 cm long, shorter than perianth lobes, purple towards apex, white below; anthers deep purple, versatile, linear, up to 1.5 cm long; pollen yellow, ellipsoidal, echinulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style up to 9 cm long, purple towards apex, white below; stigma entire
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsules 3 – 22 per infructscence, irregularly globose, 3 – 5 cm in diam., membranous, green when young, dark purple at maturity, beaked by the persistent perianth tube base of 7 – 9 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Umbels 10 – 30-flowered
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucral bracts 2, membranous, 6 – 8 × 4 – 5 cm, deltoid, scarious, faintly ribbed; bracteoles linear, 4 – 6 cm long, pale white
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Scape
Scapes arising laterally from bulbs, 50 – 95 cm long, compressed, green purple
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 3 – 12, irregular in shape and size, chlorophyllous
Crinum solapurense resembles C. viviparum var. viviparum and C. lorifolium but differs in having 1 – 10 bulblets on the mother bulb, sturdy and canaliculate 12 – 27 leaves, 10 – 30-flowered umbels, undivided stigma and 3 – 12-seeded fruits. The specific epithet solapurense refers to Solapur District of Maharashtra State from which the species was first collected. In its natural habitat, 1 – 10 bulblets are produced on the main or mother bulb. Each of these lateral offsets develops into separate individual by vertical splitting of the mother bulb. Thus, it leads to the formation of a clonal cluster of individuals. The number of individuals in a cluster varies from 5 – 20 depending upon the age of the colony. The plants propagated by vegetative means have conical or elongated and laterally compressed bulbs, whereas plants propagated through seeds have globular-ellipsoid bulbs. A population mainly propagates by vegetative means but seeds also contribute to the multiplication of the population. Seeds are water dispersed but most of the time water level recedes before fruit and seed setting. Hence, the seeds remain undispersed and form clusters of seedlings.
Flowering begins in second week of Sept.; fruiting Oct. – Dec.

Native to:


Crinum solapurense S.P.Gaikwad, Garad & Gore appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Kew Bull. 69(2)-9505: 1 (2014)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. Scientific Data 8: 215.


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© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

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Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.