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This species is accepted, and its native range is India (Kerala).
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium


Adsul, A.A., Lekhak, M.M. & Yadav, S.R. 2014. Chlorophytum sharmae (Asparagaceae): a new species from Kerala, India. Kew Bulletin 69: 9503. DOI

Chlorophytum sharmae is so far known from the type locality. Two populations of about 60 individuals each have been located in the Cardamom hills, Kerala. According to the IUCN criteria the species falls under the Data Deficient (DD) category (IUCN 2010).
India, Kerala.
Chlorophytum sharmae grows at about 1500 m altitude on slopes and margins of shola forests of the Cardamom hills, Kerala, India.
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, tuberous herb, c- 35 cm tall
Morphology Leaves
Leaves radical, erect and spreading, linear, sessile, chartaceous, glabrous, dull green above, glaucous-white beneath; leaf lamina 23 – 27 × 0.8 – 2 cm, 7 – 9-nerved; margin translucently serrulate, hyaline; apex acute
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flower white, 3 – 3.3 cm across, pedicellate; bract large, 3 – 5 × 0.5 – 0.7 cm, triangular, acute at apex; pedicel 1.1 – 1.4 cm long, articulated above the middle, upper part thicker, cylindrical, 0.3 – 0.5 cm in length, lower part cylindrical, 0.9 – 1.1 cm in length
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 6, 1.1 – 1.3 cm long, divaricate; filaments 0.6 – 0.9 cm long, white, smooth, longer than the anthers; anthers 0.4 – 0.5 cm long, dull yellow, apiculate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 0.3 – 0.4 cm in diam., turbinate, sessile, green; septal nectaries present; style 0.9 – 1 cm long, not curved, persistent, white; stigma minutely papillose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth segments 6, in two whorls of 3 in each, recurved; outer perianth segments white, slightly green-tinged at apex, lanceolate, 1.1 – 1.3 × 0.25 – 0.30 cm, 3-nerved, margin hyaline, acute apex; inner perianth segments white, linear-lanceolate, 1.1 – 1.2 × 0.25 – 0.3 cm, 5-nerved, margin hyaline, apex acute
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule green, triquetrous, c- 1 × 0.7 cm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Scape
Scape usually solitary, unbranched or rarely branched, bracteate or rarely ebracteate, 30 – 45 cm in length, flowering part 9 – 11 cm long; flowers in alternate to subopposite 4 – 7-flowered clusters; sterile bracts 3 – 4 per scape, 9 – 12 × 0.5 – 0.7 cm, 7 – 9-nerved, triangular, apex acute
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 2 – 5 in each cell, c- 0.3 cm across, orbicular, discoid, black
Morphology Roots
Roots cylindrical 0.3 – 0.4 cm in diam., forming tubers at distal parts; tubers ellipsoid, 3 – 4 × 0.8 – 1 cm, terminating with fascicle of secondary roots
Chlorophytum sharmae is similar to C. glaucum Dalzell in its lanceolate recurved perianth lobes, scaly floral bracts and large flowers with crowded raceme but differs in its narrow linear leaves, smooth filaments, anther half or less than half the length of the filament (vs lanceolate leaves, papillose filaments, anther as long as filament in C. glaucum). Table 1. Figs 1 & 2. The chromosome count of the species is 2n = 42. Flowering Oct. – Dec.; fruiting Nov. – Jan. The specific epithet sharmae commemorates Prof. A. K. Sharma, Emeritus scientist, University of Calcutta for his significant contributions to the field of plant cytogenetics. Chlorophytum sharmae is distinct from other Indian species in its narrow linear leaves with serrulate hyaline margins and late flowering during October – December.
Type: India, Kerala, Idukki, Munnar, 10°05.028'N, 77°04.011'E, 1492 m alt., 1 Aug. 2013, Adsul 2553 (holotype CAL!; isotypes K!, SUK!).

Native to:


Chlorophytum sharmae Adsul, Lekhak & S.R.Yadav appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Abdul Avinash [Abdul 2553], India K001045851 isotype

First published in Kew Bull. 69(2)-9503: 1 (2014)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. Scientific Data 8: 215.


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