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This species is accepted, and its native range is Assam to W. Malesia.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[KBu]

de Kok, R. (2008). The genus Vitex (Labiatae) in the Flora Malesiana region, excluding New Guinea. Kew Bulletin 63: 17. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-007-9013-7

Conservation
Least concern.
Distribution
Borneo and Sumatra, north to Burma and Vietnam
Ecology
Growing in primary or secondary forest and heath forest, at 50 – 500 (–3000) m altitude. Sometimes occurring in waterlogged areas. Soil: clay over sandstone, granite or volcanic rock. Flowering from October to June (– July). Fruiting from October to June (July).
Morphology General Bark
Bark smooth to scaly or cracked, (dark) grey to (light) brown; slash light yellowish to (pale) brown, darkening rapidly when cut; wood pale white to pale brown
Morphology General Habit
Small tree or shrub up to (2.5 –) 8 – 15 m high, 3 – 15(– 40) cm DBH; rarely liana (then at least 10 m high and 20 m long)
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 3-foliolate; central leaflet elliptic to narrowly elliptic, 8 – 16.5 × 3.5 – 6.5 cm, ratio 1.8 – 3.3; side leaflets 3 – 7 (– 11)×1.3 – 3.2 cm, ratio 2.2 – 3.5, apex acuminate, base rounded to cuneate, margin rarely serrate, young leaves pink, upper surface glabrous except on the veins, lower surface from glabrous with hairs on the veins to densely hairy, 5 – 10 secondary veins, hairs erect, glands many on both surfaces
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petiole 4 – 7.5 mm long, round in cross-section, velutinous, petiolules 1.5 – 3.5 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments 1 – 3 mm long, inserted in upper half of tube, yellow; anther white to grey
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 5-lobed, campanulate, (light) green, hairs sparse to dense, erect; glands few; flowering calyx lobes 2.5 – 5 mm diameter, apex acute, erect; fruiting calyx 3 – 4 mm diameter, patent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 5-lobed, covered outside with glands, whitish-pink to (olive-) yellow to yellow, mouth cream; scent absent or sour; lobes 1 × 0.8 – 1 mm, almost isomorphic, apex acute; tube 2.5 – 6.5 mm long, white
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary globose, 1 – 1.2 mm diameter, apex acute, glabrous, glands many (sometimes covering the whole apex); style 3.5 – 6.5 mm long, white; stigma c. 2 mm long, pale yellow or white
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit, fresh 5 × 3 – 4 mm; ellipsoid to ovoid, yellowish-green turning to orange or purple and finally black, shiny; dried 5 – 6 × 3 – 4 mm, ellipsoid, apex rounded to acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence axillary, dichasia, compound, axis 0.8 – 2.2 cm long, flattened in cross-section; hairs few to dense, appressed; glands few; bracteoles triangular to linear, less than 2 mm long, moderately ciliate, seldom persistent
Note
This species is closely related to Vitex gamosepala according to both Clarke (1885) and King & Gamble (1909). Their main argument is the similarity in the inflorescence, corolla and, according to the latter, also the fruit. Because of its unique calyx morphology (two lipped, with one lip greatly enlarged) Clarke (1885) described the subgenus Glossocalyx with V. gamosepala as its only representative. This was rejected by King & Gamble (1909) on the basis that V. vestita and V. longisepala are morphologically closely related to V. gamosepala, but they lack this unique calyx morphology. They further state that these three species are probably more closely related to the genera Premna and Gmelina then to any other species of Vitex.
Type
East India, Toong-Dong Avae, Wallich Cat. 1750 (lectotype K!; isolectotype, K-W!) designated here.
Vernacular
Malaysia: Laum leban (Kamarudin 28048). Indonesia: Sumatra: Asahan province: Aloban baeugah (Krukoff 4117). Sumatra West Coast: Bóti-Bóti (Krukoff 319).

[KBu]
Use
Sarawak: Used in religious ceremonies in connection with the rice harvest.

Native to:

Assam, Borneo, China Southeast, Laos, Malaya, Myanmar, Sumatera, Thailand, Vietnam

Vitex vestita Wall. ex Walp. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Apr 4, 2017 Kamarul Hisham, M. [FRI67263], Malaysia K000734919
Nov 27, 2015 Julaihi et al. [S.81293] K000734914
Nov 27, 2015 Yii Puan Ching [S.57201] K000734916
Jan 1, 2012 Julius [FRI 73624], Malaya K000735428
Jan 1, 2012 Pooma, R. et al. [6947], Thailand K000735709
Jan 1, 2011 Muliati [S 97935], Sarawak K000249949
Feb 17, 2010 Normaya [91512], Sarawak K000249134
Feb 17, 2010 Julia [95277], Sarawak K000249136
Jan 1, 2010 Pooma, R.et al. [5369], Thailand K000249673
Jan 1, 2010 Anta (exp. Kostermans) [608], Indonesia K000689966
Nov 11, 2009 Pius [SAN 148882], Sabah K000248890
Aug 1, 2007 Perumal [351], Sarawak K000479412
Aug 1, 2007 Perumal [243], Sarawak K000479414
Aug 1, 2007 Perumal [7088], Sarawak K000479415
Jan 1, 2007 Sugau [145232], Sabah K000479288
Jan 1, 2007 Sidiyasa [3457], Indonesia K000479472
Jan 1, 2007 Winkler, Hubert [2433], Indonesia K000699805 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 2005 van Beusekom, C.F. [4320], Thailand K000223299
Jan 1, 2005 Ambri et al. [AA 1574], Indonesia K000182555
Jan 1, 2005 Sigin et al. [108032], Malaysia K000182552
Jan 1, 2005 Kessler et al. [Berau 47], Indonesia K000223542
Jan 1, 2005 Kessler et al. [Berau 88], Indonesia K000223544
Jan 1, 2005 Kessler et al. [PK 1143], Indonesia K000223546
Jan 1, 2005 Kessler et al. [PK 1143], Indonesia K000223545
Jan 1, 2005 Kessler et al. [Berau 2], Indonesia K000223543
Jan 1, 2005 Mantor, A. [122153], Malaysia K000699742
Jan 1, 2005 Leopold [74335], Malaysia K000826611
Jan 1, 2005 Banyeng ak Ludong [24495], Malaysia K000826852
Jan 1, 2004 Wallich [1750/6], India K000182557 lectotype
Jan 1, 2004 Chew, W.L. et al. [52], Malaysia K000182550
Jan 1, 2004 Chan, Y.C. [19902], Malaysia K000270633
Jan 1, 2004 Abang Mohtar [48024], Malaysia K000182554
Jan 1, 2004 Christensen, H. [216], Malaysia K000182549
Jan 1, 2004 Mat Asri [25575], Malaysia K000270628
Jan 1, 2004 King, G. [s.n.], Malaysia K000270629
Jan 1, 2004 Moysey [33754], Malaysia K000222861
Jan 1, 2004 Sumbing [113051], Malaysia K000182551
Jan 1, 2004 Cuming [2351], Malaysia K000222769
Jan 1, 2004 Cuming [2351], Malaysia K000222768
Jan 1, 2004 Wallich [1750], Malaysia K000222767
Jan 1, 2004 Wallich [1750], Malaysia K000222766
Jan 1, 2004 Griffith [s.n.], Malaysia K000222776
Jan 1, 2004 Saw, L.G. [37441], Malaysia K000222712
Jan 1, 2004 Cuming [s.n.], Malaysia K000222778
Jan 1, 2004 Griffith [6063], Malaysia K000222779
Jan 1, 2004 Ridley, H.N. [3867], Singapore K000222781
Jan 1, 2004 Griffith [s.n.], Malaysia K000222782
Jan 1, 2004 Burkill, H.M. [1808], Malaysia K000222783
Jan 1, 2004 Hassan [67], Malaysia K000222784
Jan 1, 2004 Loh, H.S. [19206], Malaysia K000222785
Jan 1, 2004 Loh, H.S. [19206], Malaysia K000222780
Jan 1, 2004 Zainuddin Sohadi [17909], Malaysia K000222819
Jan 1, 2004 King, G. [s.n.], Malaysia K000222821
Jan 1, 2004 Ridley, H.N. [23], Malaysia K000222822
Jan 1, 2004 Ang Khoon Cheng [23469], Malaysia K000222723
Jan 1, 2004 Hardial [343], Malaysia K000222809
Jan 1, 2004 Goodenough [10547], Malaysia K000222811
Jan 1, 2004 Kamarudin [28048], Malaysia K000222812
Jan 1, 2004 Teo [689], Malaysia K000222817
Jan 1, 2004 Shah, M. [96], Malaysia K000222816
Jan 1, 2004 Zahir bin Yusoff, M. [99121], Malaysia K000222815
Jan 1, 2004 Jong, K. [4517], Malaysia K000222790
Jan 1, 2004 Chew, W.L. et al. [524], Malaysia K000116084
Jan 1, 2004 Mikil, G. [41950], Malaysia K000116087
Jan 1, 2004 Clemens [29768], Malaysia K000116086
Jan 1, 2004 Clemens, J. [29999], Malaysia K000116085
Jan 1, 2004 Clemens, J. [26679], Malaysia K000116094
Jan 1, 2004 Chew, W.L. et al. [9], Malaysia K000116080
Jan 1, 2004 Meijer, W. [28.vi.1961], Malaysia K000116092
Jan 1, 2004 Mujin, M.A. [18842], Malaysia K000116093
Jan 1, 2004 Asik Mantor [109964], Malaysia K000270921
Jan 1, 2004 Amin [116030], Malaysia K000116081
Jan 1, 2004 Amin et al. [116438], Malaysia K000116082
Jan 1, 2004 Fedilis [106889], Malaysia K000270918
Jan 1, 2004 Chew, W.L. [1340], Malaysia K000222534
Jan 1, 2004 Ilias [35989], Malaysia K000222537
Jan 1, 2004 Kostermans, A. [13680], Indonesia K000270892
Jan 1, 2004 Rantai Jawa [74247], Malaysia K000270920
Jan 1, 2004 Beccari, O. [1633], Malaysia K000223531
Jan 1, 2004 Haviland [565], Malaysia K000223532
Jan 1, 2004 Anderson, J.A.R. [8466], Malaysia K000270946
Jan 1, 2004 Suhaili Hj. Zinin [15004], Brunei K000270891
Jan 1, 2004 Prance, G.T. [30557], Brunei K000223566
Jan 1, 2004 Kessler, P. et al. [PK 2310], Indonesia K000223568
Jan 1, 2004 de Vogel, E.F. [1252], Indonesia K000270939
Jan 1, 2004 de Vogel, E.F. [2718], Indonesia K000223570
Jan 1, 2004 Teysmann, J.E. [s.n.], Indonesia K000270087
Jan 1, 2004 Anta [755], Indonesia K000270072
Jan 1, 2004 Whitmore [3234], Indonesia K000184549
Jan 1, 2004 Beccari, O. [768], Indonesia K000270071
Jan 1, 2004 de Wilde [15635], Indonesia K000270041
Jan 1, 2004 Beccari, O. [768], Indonesia K000223571
Jan 1, 2004 Kunstler, H. [176], Malaysia K000222810
Jan 1, 2004 Ridley, H.N. [s.n.], Malaysia K000665923
Jan 1, 2004 Everett. B. [13639], Malaysia K000665924
Jan 1, 2004 Hassan [H95], Malaysia K000665926
Jan 1, 2004 Liew [36496], Singapore K000665928
Jan 1, 2004 Symington, C.F. [SFN28794], Malaysia K000665934
Jan 1, 2004 Ahmad Talip [50519], Malaysia K000826610
Jan 1, 2004 Ridley, H.N. [s.n.], Malaysia K000826858
Jan 1, 2004 Kostermans, A. [7567], Indonesia K000699804
Jan 1, 2004 Moysey, L. [33754], Malaysia K000665929
Jan 1, 2004 Church, A.C. et al. [1279], Indonesia K000270917
Jan 1, 2004 Fedilis [96183], Malaysia K000270919
Jan 1, 2004 Paie, I. [43996], Malaysia K000826855
Jan 1, 2004 Othman, et al. [49143], Malaysia K000222535
Jan 1, 2004 de Wilde [18824], Indonesia K000270935
Jan 1, 2004 Teo. L.E. [689], Malaysia K000665935
Jan 1, 2004 Ambriansyah [AA 1662], Indonesia K000223529
Jan 1, 2004 Ilias et al. [34160], Malaysia K000270933
Jan 1, 2004 Chan, Y.C. [17507], Malaysia K000222814
Jan 1, 2004 Chai, P. [31509], Malaysia K000826857
Jan 1, 2004 Kostermans, A. [12003], Indonesia K000689969
Jan 1, 2004 Tamby, H. [H5], Singapore K000665927
Jan 1, 2004 Turnau, E.A. [886], Malaysia K000665933
Jan 1, 2004 Soepadmo [181], Indonesia K000270938
Jan 1, 2004 Clemens, M.S. [11172], Malaysia K000223530
Jan 1, 2004 Banying [21522], Malaysia K000826851
Jan 1, 2004 Zainuddin Sohadi [15584], Malaysia K000222891
Jan 1, 2004 King, G. [s.n.], Malaysia K000222820
Jan 1, 2004 Poore, M.E.D. [1006], Malaysia K000222818
Jan 1, 2004 Suppiah, T. [11367], Malaysia K000665925
Jan 1, 2004 Ng, F.S.P. [1823], Malaysia K000665931
Jan 1, 2004 Ridley, H.N. [s.n.], Malaysia K000671000
Jan 1, 2004 Awang Morahidi [24086], Malaysia K000222536
Jan 1, 2004 Kessler, P. et al. [Berau 345], Indonesia K000223567
Jan 1, 2004 Ang, K.C. [23463], Malaysia K000665936
Jan 1, 2004 Horsfield, T. [s.n.], Indonesia K000223572
Jan 1, 2004 Sibat ak Luang [25177], Malaysia K000826854
Jan 1, 2004 Burley, J.S. et al. [1586], Indonesia K000270909
Jan 1, 2004 Chai, P. [39425], Malaysia K000826853
Jan 1, 2004 Ambriansyah [AA 515], Indonesia K000182553
Jan 1, 2004 Kostermans, A. [S114], Indonesia K000689968
Jan 1, 2004 Bonar, H.T. [6331], Malaysia K000665932
Jan 1, 2004 Wilkie, P. [94185], Indonesia K000182556
Jan 1, 2004 Hewitt, J. [11], Malaysia K000826859
Jan 1, 2004 loh Hoy Shing [17159], Malaysia K000222813
Jan 1, 2004 Suhaili Hj. Zinin [16406], Brunei K000223559
Jan 1, 2004 Yii, P.C. [43159], Malaysia K000826856
Oct 1, 2002 Sambuling, S. [619], Malaysia K000699743
Jan 1, 2000 Sisiyasa, K. [1967], Indonesia K000699808
Jan 1, 2000 Ismail, S. [16831] K000705328
Mar 1, 1999 Kessler, P.J.A. [2703], Indonesia K000699806
Mar 1, 1999 Kessler, P.J.A. [2648], Indonesia K000699807
Jan 1, 1999 Wilkie, P. [94181], Indonesia K000223528
Jan 1, 1999 Tuke [12 499], Indonesia K000223527
Jan 1, 1997 Rumutom, M. [435], Malaysia K000699739
Jan 1, 1997 Andau, D. [534], Malaysia K000699741
Jan 1, 1996 Ambriyansah, A. [61], Indonesia K000826847
Jan 1, 1996 Sidiyasa, K. [747], Indonesia K000826845
Jan 1, 1996 Sidiyasa, K. [491], Indonesia K000826846
Jan 1, 1995 Bernstein, J.H. [244] K000705329
Jan 1, 1994 Argent, G. [9354], Indonesia K000223547
Jan 1, 1994 Coode, M.J.E. [7681], Brunei K000223560
Jan 1, 1994 Thomas, S.A. [147], Brunei K000223561
Jan 1, 1994 Sands, M.J.S. [5760], Brunei K000223563
Jan 1, 1994 Coode, M.J.E. [7897], Brunei K000223564
Jan 1, 1994 Dransfield, J. [6820], Brunei K000223565
Jan 1, 1994 Argent, G. [9354], Indonesia K000699809
Jan 1, 1994 Thomas, S.A. [253], Brunei K000223562
Jan 1, 1993 Ashton, P.S. [BRUN14] K000705332
Jan 1, 1993 Bernstein, J.H. [42] K000705333
Jan 1, 1993 Haslani Abdullah, M. [74] K000705335
Jan 1, 1993 Prance, G.T. [30557] K000705334
Jan 1, 1993 Haslani Abdullah, M. [74] K000705336
Jan 1, 1991 Coode, M.J.E. [6794] K000705337
Jan 1, 1991 Wong, K.M. [1588] K000705330
Jan 1, 1991 Wong, K.M. [1588] K000705331
Jan 1, 1932 Boschproefstation [E1210], Indonesia K000689967
Aban, G. [90467], Malaysia K000826593
Dewol, S. [99445], Malaysia K000826596
Sumbing [110243], Malaysia K000826597
Madani, L. [132658], Malaysia K000826607
Singh, J. [31115], Malaysia K000826613
Asik, M. [116678], Malaysia K000826615
Amin [115973], Malaysia K000826840
Sumbing Jampin [113397], Malaysia K000826861
Matin [103585], Malaysia K000826867
Madani, L. [88861], Malaysia K000826585
Sumbing Jimpin [103644], Malaysia K000826864
Rumutom, M. [144], Malaysia K000699740
Asik, M. [131537], Malaysia K000826863
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1750], Malaysia K001114089
Aban, G. [31162], Malaysia K000826612
Sumbing Jampin [113251], Malaysia K000826866
Kessler, P. [1023], Indonesia K000826850
Bakar, A. [25003], Malaysia K000826601
Aban [69400], Malaysia K000826592
Majawat, G. [130871], Malaysia K000826609
Sawan, Tingki [125309], Malaysia K000826584
Dewol, S. [124095], Malaysia K000826583
Madani, L. [92061], Malaysia K000826587
Amin, Ag. [126636], Malaysia K000826599
Vogel, E.F. de [1252], Indonesia K000223569
Binideh, P. [63163], Malaysia K000826586
Aban [69400], Malaysia K000826591
Asik, M. [120039], Malaysia K000826606
Amin, G. [129333], Malaysia K000826581
Aban [69400], Malaysia K000826582
Fuentes, R. [37237], Philippines K000706674
Amin, G. [129333], Malaysia K000826580
Ismail, R. [67544], Malaysia K000826841
Amin [119812], Malaysia K000826839
Amin [67602], Malaysia K000826588
Buntar, A. [25888], Malaysia K000826614
Wilkie, P. [93393], Indonesia K000826848
Kessler, P. [903], Indonesia K000826843
Asik, M. [113017], Malaysia K000826865
Amin [110497], Malaysia K000826590
LaFrankie, J.V. [2234], Malaysia K000665930
Suming Jimpin [119696], Malaysia K000826604
Kok, R.P.J. de [147232], Malaysia K000699803
Meijer, W. [19524], Malaysia K000826600
Dewol, S. [78303], Malaysia K000826603
Kessler, P. [903], Indonesia K000826844
Cockburn [70022], Malaysia K000826602
Simbing, Jimpin [125655], Malaysia K000826842
Asik, M. [118826], Malaysia K000826860
Niga, N. [15231] K000705327
Sumbing [110917], Malaysia K000826594
Suming Jimpin [113883], Malaysia K000826605
Fidilis [96357], Malaysia K000826616
Asik, M. [128146], Malaysia K000826608
Afriastini, J.J. [397], Indonesia K000826849
Winkler, Hubert [2433], Indonesia K000699810
Maskuri [138], Indonesia K000826589
Rahim, A. [100186], Malaysia K000826595
Leopold [114411], Malaysia K000826862
Mikil, G. [31436], Malaysia K000826598
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1750], Myanmar K001114088

First published in Repert. Bot. Syst. 4: 85 (1845)

Accepted by

  • Beaman, J.H. & Anderson, C. (2004). The Plants of Mount Kinabalu 5: 1-609. Natural history publications (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia.
  • Bramley, G.L.C. (2019). Flora Malesiana 23: 1-444. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
  • de Kok, R. (2008). The genus Vitex (Labiatae) in the Flora Malesiana region, excluding New Guinea Kew Bulletin 63: 17-40.

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