Adenochloa ecklonii (Nees) Zuloaga

This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to Tanzania and S. Africa.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths pubescent; persistent and investing base of culm; with compacted dead sheaths, or fibrous dead sheaths. Culms slender; 15-80 cm long. Leaves mostly basal. Leaf-sheaths wider than blade at the collar. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate; (6-)10-20(-26) cm long; 3-8 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pilose; sparsely hairy, or moderately hairy, or densely hairy; with capitate hairs and tubercle-based hairs. Leaf-blade apex acute, or acuminate, or attenuate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; oblong, or ovate; 6-12(-18) cm long. Primary panicle branches ascending, or spreading. Panicle branches capillary; glabrous, or pilose; with clavellate hairs. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; dorsally compressed; 1.5-3.5 mm long; falling entire.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; dorsally compressed; 1.5-3.5 mm long; falling entire.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes similar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblong; 0.25-0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex lobed; 3 -fid. Upper glume oblong; 0.66 length of spikelet; membranous; purple; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume apex lobed; 3-5 -fid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 7 -veined; pilose; hairy above (tip); lobed; (3-)5 -fid. Fertile lemma oblong; dorsally compressed; coriaceous; pallid, or red (pink); without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; coriaceous.
Distribution
Africa: west tropical, west-central tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, and south.
Reference
Paniceae. FTEA.

[FTEA]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

Morphology General Habit
Perennial with a caespitose, occasionally fibrous, sparsely pilose to silky pubescent base, culms 15–80 cm. high, slender.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves mostly basal; sheaths with both fine and clavellate hairs; blades linear-lanceolate, (6–)10–20(–26) cm. long, 3–8 mm. wide, tapering at the base, sparsely to densely pilose with tubercle-based, fine hairs, occasionally with sparse glandular hairs, acute to setaceously acute at the tip.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Panicle oblong or ovate, 6–12(–18) cm. long, glabrous or clavellate-hairy, the delicate branches ascending or spreading.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets oblong, 2.5–3.5 mm. long, glabrous except for the pilose tip, often purple tinged; lower glume 1/4–1/2 the length of the spikelet, 3-nerved, pectinate; upper glume 2/3 as long as the spikelet, 5-nerved, pectinate; lower lemma 3/4 to as long as the spikelet, 7-nerved, pectinate, sterile, its palea absent; upper lemma often tinged pink, the margins hyaline and produced into an apical flap, its palea similar.
Habitat
Grassland on sandy rocky soils; 1200–2700 m.
Distribution
W. AfricaZaire to South Africa T4 T7 T8

[FWTA]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

Morphology General Habit
A densely caespitose perennial about 30 cm. high.

[FZ]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

Morphology General Habit
Caespitose perennial, usually densely pubescent at the base.
Morphology Culms
Culms 15–80 cm. high, erect, simple.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves mostly basal, pilose with both simple and gland-tipped hairs; laminae 5–18(27) × 0.1–0.9 cm., linear to lanceolate, flat, bluntly to setaceously acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Panicle 6–12(18) cm. long, oblong or ovate, glabrous or clavellate-hairy, moderately to much-branched, the branches ascending or spreading usually fine and flexuous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets 2.5–3.5 mm. long, oblong, glabrous except for the puberulous apex; inferior glume 1/5–1/2 the length of the spikelet, 3-nerved, pectinate; superior glume 1/2–3/4 the length of the spikelet, 5-nerved, pectinate; inferior lemma 3/4 to as long as the spikelet, 7-nerved, pectinate; sterile; superior lemma and palea glossy, puberulous at the apex.

Native to:

Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Free State, Ivory Coast, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Sierra Leone, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Adenochloa ecklonii (Nees) Zuloaga appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Mar 1, 1978 Hepper, F.N. [2116], Cameroon Panicum ecklonii K000182354 No
Mar 1, 1978 Hepper, F.N. [2116], Cameroon Panicum ecklonii K000182353 No
Jan 1, 1978 Coombe, D.E. [215], Cameroon Panicum ecklonii K000182350 No
Oct 1, 1962 Brunt, M.A. [77], Cameroon Panicum ecklonii K000182355 No
Whyte, A. [10], Malawi Panicum ecklonii K000255542 isotype Yes
Drege [s.n.], South Africa Panicum ecklonii K000255488 isotype Yes
Williamson, P., South Africa Panicum ecklonii K000255490 Yes
Cooper, T. [917], South Africa Panicum ecklonii K000255489 Yes
Bauer, F. [40], Cameroon Panicum ecklonii K000182357 No
Brunt, M.A. [1055], Cameroon Panicum ecklonii K000182356 No

First published in Pl. Syst. Evol. 301: 1700 (2014)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6. Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae. Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
  • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
  • Ndabaneze, P. (1989). Catalogue des Graminées du Burundi. Lejeunia; Revue de Botanique, n.s., 132: 1-127.

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0