Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Central Ethiopia to S. Tropical Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Umbelliferae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb with a slightly to considerably thickened rootstock smelling of carrot, (7–)14–60(–90) cm. tall.
Morphology Stem
Stems terete, pithy to fistular, striate, moderately to very densely furnished with whitish ± deflexed tuberculate-based strigose hairs, rarely glabrous or almost so, simple or somewhat branched, sometimes ± purplish, elongate or (especially in mountain forms) ± obsolete, the peduncle then appearing as a scape.
Morphology Leaves
Lower and middle stem leaves 2–4-pinnate, the ultimate segments linear to linear-oblong, 1–6(–9) × 0.5–1.5(–2) mm., mucronate; lamina deltoid-oblong in outline, ± 2.5–13 × 2–8 cm.; petiole 1–8 cm., it and the rhachis ± white-pilose; sheaths narrowly oblong, striate, with yellowish-membranous, usually ciliate margins, 1–2.5 cm.; white, bristly hairs dense to sparse on the rhachis and on the revolute margins and primary venation of the lower surface (and sometimes the upper) of the leaflets; upper leaves usually shorter and more shortly petiolate or sessile.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Peduncles of umbels long, (3–)7–57 cm., usually considerably furnished with deflexed strigose hairs, especially below the umbel, rarely subglabrous; umbel with 5–7 very unequal, ± densely spreading-pilose rays 0.4–3.5 cm. long; involucre usually of 3–8 linear, ciliate, pale-margined, 4–7 mm. bracts, or very rarely the bracts pinnatisect.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers ± 6–16 to each partial umbel, on 2–4 mm., glabrous to sparingly pilose pedicels; involucel similar to the involucre but bracteoles never pinnatisect; innermost partial umbels with ♂ flowers only, some flowers of the outer also ♂; fruiting pedicels thickened and angular at maturity.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-teeth distinct, linear-lanceolate, slightly shorter than or subequalling the petals.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals ± 1 mm., greenish to yellowish.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit oblong-ellipsoid, 5–8 mm., the spines of the secondary ribs pale to blackish purple; stylopodia conical; styles slender, ± 1.5–2 mm., much longer than the stylopodia, or shorter and only slightly exceeding it.
Habitat
Most commonly in grassland subject to burning, frequently in damp depressions; also in scrub, among grass in forest, by forest tracks, in vegetation by streams and in secondary Parinari-Uapaca-Protea forest; 1060–2800 m.
Distribution
K2 K3 K5 T2 T4 T6 T7 T8 U1 U3

[FZ]

Umbelliferae, J. F. M. Cannon. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
An erect to decumbent, pubescent to subglabrous long-lived perennial herb up to 60 cm. with a stout woody taproot.
Morphology Stem
Stem terete, distinctly grooved, sparsely to densely hairy with stiff white backwardly directed subappressed hairs, or sometimes glabrous, sometimes with brownish-purple colouration. Hair-bases tending to become swollen and on old stems remaining as tubercles after the hairs have been eroded.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 3–4-pinnatisect; ultimate segments up to 2 mm. wide, often subverticillate in appearance, linear to linear-lanceolate; petioles with broad sheathing bases.
Morphology General Indumentum
Petiole and rhachis usually with tubercle-based hairs, but sometimes glabrous; lamina with occasional hairs on the veins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Umbels usually on an elongate stalk of 5–50 cm., usually distinct with long rays, rarely subcapitate; bracts variable in shape and number, ranging from entire, linear-lanceolate to 3-pinnatisect like the leaves, variously hairy. Rays up to 14, up to 3 cm. long, rarely very abbreviated. Outer partial umbels with hermaphrodite outer flowers and male inner and central ones, the innermost with male flowers only; bracteoles similar to the bracts.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals yellowish-green to occasionally purplish; stylopodium narrowly conical, tapering imperceptibly into erect styles up to 2 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 6–7 (8) × 2 mm., narrowly oblong-ovoid to cylindrical. Primary ribs with 2–3 rows of short stiff bristly hairs. Secondary ribs with a single row of glochidiate spines.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits Vittae
Vittae well developed, situated under the secondary ribs and in the commissural face.

Native to:

Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Daucus pedunculatus (Baker f.) Banasiak, Spalik & Reduron appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1979 Buchanan, J. [374], Malawi Agrocharis pedunculata K000272598 syntype
Jan 1, 1979 Malawi Agrocharis pedunculata K000272599 syntype
Jan 1, 1979 Kirk [s.n.] Agrocharis pedunculata K000272600 syntype

First published in Taxon 65: 578 (2016)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Van Wyk, B.-E., Tilney, P.M. & Magee, A.R. (2013). African Apiaceae: a synopsis of the Apiaceae/Umbelliferae of Sub-Saharan Africa and Madagascar: 1- 317. Briza Academic Books, Pretoria.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0