Monanthotaxis obovata (Benth.) P.H.Hoekstra

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to NE. Namibia.

[FZ]

Annonaceae, N. K. B. Robson. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree 1–5 m. high, sometimes scrambling or subscandent.
Morphology Branches
Branches spreading or drooping, grey-brown or yellowish, yellowish-tomentellous at first, eventually glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate; lamina (4.7) 6–14 (20) x 3.4–9.5 (11) cm., obovate to obovate-oblong, broadly obtuse to rounded or truncate-emarginate at the apex, rounded to cordate (more rarely broadly cuneate) at the base, chartaceous, bright green above, paler and glaucous below, sparsely crisped-pubescent on both sides or glabrescent above, hairs simple and (occasionally) forked or stellate, with nerves and loosely reticulate venation prominent on both sides and a gland frequently terminating each basal lobe; petioles 3–9 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers bisexual, solitary, terminal or usually extra-axillary; pedicels (1) 2.5–5 (6) cm. long, ± slender, tomentellous; bracteole large (0.5) 1–2.5 cm. long, foliaceous, orbicular to broadly ovate, obtuse or rounded at the apex, cordate-amplexicaul at the base, puberulous, near the base of the pedicel.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 4–6 mm. long, broadly triangular to orbicular or rarely oblong, puberulous to tomentellous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals yellow or greenish-yellow, thick, (4) 6–12 mm. long, the outer ones broadly ovate or orbicular to reniform, puberulous-tomentellous but glabrous near the base within, the inner ones rather shorter, thicker, obovate, obtuse to rounded, unguiculate or attenuate, connivent at the apex at first, remaining curved over the stamens, tomentellous except near the base within.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens ?, 0.75–1 mm. long, oblong or cuneate, glabrous; connective prolongation broadly and obliquely capitate-truncate; filament not distinct.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Carpels
Carpels ?, c. 2 mm. long, ± cylindric; ovary pubescent, 4-ovulate; style about a third as long at the ovary, elliptic or obconic, oblique.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit pendulous, on a pedicel 3–6 cm. long; fruiting carpels 3–9 (13), 1–3 (4)-seeded segments 1.3–2 x 0.7–1 cm., ellipsoid to cylindric, often apiculate, ± sparsely puberulous, finely rugose, red, edible, with stipes 0.7–1.5 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds (1) 1.2–1.8 cm. long, cylindric.

[FTEA]

Annonaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree l–7.5(–12) m. tall, sometimes scandent; bark smooth, grey; young branches yellowish-brown, at first densely pubescent, later becoming glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades obovate or oblong-obovate to almost round, (1.8–)6–14(–20) cm. long, 1.6–9.5(–11) cm. wide, broadly obtuse, rounded or somewhat emarginate at the apex, rounded to cordate or less often broadly cuneate at the base, thin, green above, paler and glaucous beneath, velvety when very young, later sparsely to densely pubescent on both sides with simple and sometimes also forked or stellate hairs or glab-rescent above, papery; venation laxly reticulate, prominent on both sides; basal glands often present; petioles 3–9 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers hermaphrodite, solitary, terminal or more usually extra-axillary; pedicels (1–)2.5–5(–6) cm. long; bracteole conspicuous and leafy, usually situated near the base, round or broadly ovate, (0.5–)1–2.9 cm. long, 0.5–2.8 cm. wide, obtuse or rounded at the apex, cordate and clasping at the base, puberulous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals broadly triangular to orbicular or rarely oblong, 4–6(–8) mm. long and wide, pubescent or tomentose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals yellow or greenish-yellow, thick, the outer broadly ovate, round or reniform, (0.4–)0.6–l.3 cm. long, 0.8–1.6 cm. wide, puberulous to tomentellous but glabrous at the base inside, often with impressed venation when dry, inner much shorter and thicker, very concave, obovate or rounded-ovate, 5–9 mm. long, 4–7.5 mm. wide, obtuse or rounded, clawed or narrowed below, at first connivent at the apex and remaining curved over the stamens, tomentellous all over save inside at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens numerous, oblong or cuneiform, 0.75–1 mm. long, glabrous; filaments not developed; connective-prolongation broadly and obliquely capitate-truncate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Carpels
Carpels 20–30; ovary ellipsoid or cylindric, 2 mm. long, 4-ovuled, pubescent; style much shorter than the ovary, elliptic or obconic, oblique, grooved.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruiting pedicels 3–6 cm. long; monocarps 3–9(–14), red, of 1 –3(–4) segments, each ellipsoid to cylindric, 1.3–2 cm. long, 0.6–1 cm. wide, often apiculate, finely rugose, densely pubescent to glabrescent, edible; stipes 0.7–1.5 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds yellow, cylindric-ellipsoid, (1–)1.2–1.8 cm. long, 7–8 mm. diameter.
Figures
Fig. 21, p. 87.
Habitat
Woodland and grassland with scattered trees (mainly composed of Brachystegia, Julbernardia, Combretum, Sclerocarya or Pteleopsis), often on termite-mounds or rocky outcrops; 780–1500 m.
Distribution
just reaching NE. South West Africa T1 T4 T5 T8

Native to:

Angola, Botswana, Caprivi Strip, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

English
Bastard dwaba-berry, Northern Dwaba-berry

Monanthotaxis obovata (Benth.) P.H.Hoekstra appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Tanner, R. [514], Tanzania Friesodielsia obovata 11903.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [8548], Tanzania Friesodielsia obovata 17631.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [8548A], Tanzania Friesodielsia obovata 17632.000 No
Zimbabwe Friesodielsia obovata 52584.000 No
White, F. [1907], Zambia Friesodielsia obovata 8963.000 No
Venter, S. [386], Botswana Friesodielsia obovata K000282810 Yes
McKay, A.D. [1972], Botswana Friesodielsia obovata K000282811 No
Biegel, H. [3699], Botswana Friesodielsia obovata K000282812 Yes
Pope, G. [828], Botswana Friesodielsia obovata K000282813 No
Smith, P.A. [1355], Botswana Friesodielsia obovata K000282814 No
Bidgood, S. [5597], Tanzania Friesodielsia obovata K000468827 No
Kirk, J. [s.n.], Mozambique Friesodielsia obovata K000199033 Yes
Kirk [s.n.], Mozambique Friesodielsia obovata K000199034 Yes
Son, G. van [28766], Botswana Friesodielsia obovata K000282815 No

First published in Taxon 66: 15 (2017)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Plants and People Africa

    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/