Dracaena hyacinthoides (L.) Mabb.

First published in Mabberley's Pl.-Book, ed. 4: 1101 (2017)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Kenya to S. Africa. It is a rhizomatous geophyte and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome. It is has environmental uses and social uses, as animal food and a medicine and for food.

Distribution

Native to:

Cape Provinces, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Bahamas, Bermuda, Cambodia, Cayman Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Florida, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mexico Southeast, Panamá, Puerto Rico, Trinidad-Tobago, Tunisia, Vietnam, Windward Is.

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6. Scientific Data 8: 215.

An alternative taxonomy had been proposed by the following authorities:

  • El Mokni, R. & Verloove, F. (2022). Further records of non-native succulents within Asparagaceae sensu lato as casual or naturalising aliens in Tunisia and North Africa. Bradleya. Yearbook of the British Cactus and Succulent Society 40: 119-129. [Cited as Sansevieria hyacinthoides.]

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Adams, C.D. (1972). Flowering Plants of Jamaica: 1-848. University of the West Indies, Mona.
  • Chou, S., Chhnang, P. & Kim, Y. (2016). A Checklist for the Seed Plants of Cambodia: 1-272. National Institute of Biological Resources, Korea.
  • Correll, D.S. & Correll, H.B. (1982). Flora of the Bahama Archipelago: 1-1692. J.Cramer, Vaduz.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • El Mokni, R. & Verloove, F. (2022). Further records of non-native succulents within Asparagaceae sensu lato as casual or naturalising aliens in Tunisia and North Africa. Bradleya. Yearbook of the British Cactus and Succulent Society 40: 119-129.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2002). Flora of North America North of Mexico 26: 1-723. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Fournet, J. (2002). Flore illustrée des phanérogames de Guadeloupe et de Martinique 2: 1325-2538. Gondwana editions.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hộ, P.-H. (1993). Câycỏ Việtnam. An Illustrated flora of Vietnam 3(2): 603-1176. Pham-hoang Ho, Montréal.
  • Leon, H. (1946). Flora de Cuba 1: 1-441. Cultural S. A., La Habana.
  • Liogier, H.A. & Martorell, L.F. (2000). Flora of Puerto Rico and Adjacent Islands: a Systematic Synopsis ed. 2: 1-382. Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico, San Juan.
  • Mwachala, G. & Mbugua, P.K. (2007). Dracaenaceae. Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-43.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Proctor, G.R. (1984). Flora of the Cayman Islands: 1-834. Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London.
  • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2010). Flora Zambesiaca 13(2): 1-83. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Velayos, M. & al. (eds.) (2018). Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial 10: 1-491. Consejo superior de investigaciones científicas, Real jardín botánico, Madrid.
  • Williams, R.O. (1983). Flora of Trinidad and Tobago 3(3): 201-277. Government Printing Office, Port-of-Spain.

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Codd, L.E. [4908], South Africa Sansevieria angustiflora K000204237 No
Wood, J.M. [s.n.], South Africa Sansevieria angustiflora K000204235 No
s.coll. [s.n.] Sansevieria angustiflora K000204236 No
Dec 28, 1988 Bally, P.R.O. [B8271], Kenya Sansevieria grandis K000203916 No
Bally, P.R.O. [B.8271], Kenya Sansevieria grandis 23524.000 No
Sansevieria grandis K000255865 Yes
South Africa Sansevieria grandis K000255864 Unknown type material Yes
Unknown from label. [s.n.], South Africa Sansevieria grandis K000255863 Unknown type material Yes
R.B.S? [129.96], South Africa Sansevieria grandis K000255860 Unknown type material Yes
R.B.S? [129.96], South Africa Sansevieria grandis K000255862 Unknown type material Yes
Unknown from label. [s.n.], South Africa Sansevieria grandis K000255861 Unknown type material Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Sansevieria grandis K000204290 No
Steudner [475], Eritrea Sansevieria guineensis K000255756 Unknown type material Yes
Schweinfurth, G. [1270], Eritrea Sansevieria guineensis K000255758 Unknown type material Yes
Schweinfurth, G. [1609], Eritrea Sansevieria guineensis K000255757 Unknown type material Yes
Schweinfurth, G. [1763], Eritrea Sansevieria guineensis K000255759 Unknown type material Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Sansevieria guineensis K000204292 No
Strey, R.G. [8258], South Africa Sansevieria guineensis K000204260 No
Ross, J.H. [1909], South Africa Sansevieria guineensis K000204261 No
s.coll. [s.n.] Sansevieria guineensis K000204291 No
Moll [3729], South Africa Sansevieria guineensis K000204259 No
Bullock, C. [45752], Zimbabwe Sansevieria thyrsiflora 24253.000 No
s.coll. [s.n.], South Africa Sansevieria thyrsiflora K000204238 No
Story, R. [3832], South Africa Sansevieria thyrsiflora K000204240 No
Zeyher [612], South Africa Sansevieria thyrsiflora K000204244 No
s.coll. [s.n.], South Africa Sansevieria thyrsiflora K000204239 No
v.d. Schyff, H.P. [1694], South Africa Sansevieria thyrsiflora K000204248 No
Baur, R. [1099], South Africa Sansevieria thyrsiflora K000204245 No
Codd, L.E. [5369], South Africa Sansevieria thyrsiflora K000204241 No
Drège [8613], South Africa Sansevieria thyrsiflora K000204247 No
Cooper, T. [3269], South Africa Sansevieria thyrsiflora K000204243 No
[Pullars] [s.n.] Sansevieria thyrsiflora K000204246 No
Drège [8613], South Africa Sansevieria thyrsiflora K000204242 No
Codd, L.E. [5134], South Africa Sansevieria thyrsiflora K000204249 No
s.coll. [s.n.] Sansevieria latifolia K000204295 No
Oct 17, 2002 Leach, L.C. [12265], Mozambique Sansevieria hyacinthoides K000204132 No
Oct 17, 2002 Wild, H. [1650], Zimbabwe Sansevieria hyacinthoides K000204156 No
Oct 17, 2002 Pope, G. [2], Mozambique Sansevieria hyacinthoides K000204134 No
Oct 16, 2002 Chase, N.E. [7956], Zimbabwe Sansevieria hyacinthoides K000204086 No
Mar 15, 2002 Brummitt, R.K. [8991], Malawi Sansevieria hyacinthoides K000204087 No
Mar 15, 2002 Brummitt, R.K. [11456], Malawi Sansevieria hyacinthoides K000204137 No
Jul 1, 1980 Fendler, A. [851], Trinidad & Tobago Sansevieria hyacinthoides K000204275 No
Jul 1, 1980 Simmonds [Herb. Trin. No.14933], Trinidad & Tobago Sansevieria hyacinthoides K000204276 No
Jansen, P.C.M. [PJ7665], Mozambique Sansevieria hyacinthoides K000204119 No
Philcox, D. [8083], Trinidad & Tobago Sansevieria hyacinthoides K000204268 No

Sources

  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew
  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0