Chrysobalanus icaco subsp. icaco

This subspecies is accepted
The native range of this subspecies is Florida to E. Brazil, W. Tropical Africa to Angola. It is a shrub or tree and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome.

Distribution

Native to:

Angola, Bahamas, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Cameroon, Cayman Is., Central American Pacific Is., Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Liberia, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Panamá, Puerto Rico, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Southwest Caribbean, Suriname, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is., Zaïre

Introduced into:

Chad, Fiji, Hawaii, India, Malawi, Malaya, Marquesas, Samoa, Seychelles, Society Is., Tanzania, Vietnam

Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

Classification

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PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis. PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Gosline, G., Bidault, E., van der Burgt, X., Cahen, D., Challen, G., Condé, N., Couch, C., Couvreur, T.L.P., Dagallier, L.M.J., Darbyshire, I., Dawson, S., Doré, T.S., Goyder, D., Grall, A., Haba, P., Haba, P., Harris, D., Hind, D.J.N., Jongkind, & al. (2023). A Taxonomically-verified and Vouchered Checklist of the Vascular Plants of the Republic of Guinea. Nature, scientific data 10, Article number: 327: [1]-[12].

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis. PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
  • Correll, D.S. & Correll, H.B. (1982). Flora of the Bahama Archipelago: 1-1692. J.Cramer, Vaduz.
  • Evenhuis, N.L. & Eldredge, L.G. (eds.) (2012). Records of the Hawaii biological survey for 2011. Part II: plants. Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 113: 1-102.
  • Gonzalez, F., Nelson Diaz, J. & Lowry, P. (1995). Flora Illustrada de San Andrés y Providencia: 1-281. Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Colombia.
  • Mao, A.A. & Dash, S.S. (2020). Flowering Plants of India an Annotated Checklist (Dicotyledons) 1: 1-970. Botanical Survey of India.
  • Prance, G.T. & Sothers, C.A. (2003). Chrysobalanaceae 1 & 2. Species Plantarum: Flora of the World 9, 10: 1-319, 1-268. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 1975 Espirito Santo [1947] K000104196 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Espirito Santo [1857] K000104197 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Sanford, W.W. [5767] Equatorial Guinea K000104245 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Bamps, P. [2270] Cote d'Ivoire K000104219 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Mann [498] Nigeria K000310032 Type Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Deighton, F.C. [2330] Sierra Leone K000104201 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Lebrun [11217] Congo, Republic of the K000104252 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Geerling, C.; Bokdam, J. [2393] Cote d'Ivoire K000104227 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Linder, D.H. [1478] Liberia K000104215 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Harley, W.J. [2129] Liberia K000104214 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Trilles [s.n.] Gabon K000104247 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Lowe, J. [3417] Cameroon K000104244 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Guinea, Emilio [800] K000104237 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Bos, J.J. [2004] Liberia K000104210 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Barker, A.J.D. [1066] Liberia K000104211 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Enti, A.A. [608] Ghana K000104230 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Baldwin, J.T. [9053] Liberia K000104212 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Morton, J.K. [A2463] Ghana K000104228 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Raimundo, F.; J.A.Guerra [906] K000104236 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Linder, D.H. [1425] Liberia K000104209 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Le Testu, G. [1776] Gabon K000104246 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Onochie, C.F.A. [FHI32946] Nigeria K000104234 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Gossweiler, J. [163] Angola K000104266 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [2125] Cote d'Ivoire K000104221 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Dawe, M.T. [60] K000104267 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Ern, H. [2588] Togo K000104231 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Oldeman, R.A.A. [945] Cote d'Ivoire K000104224 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Thomas, D.W. [946] Cameroon K000104239 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Geerling, C.; Bokdam, J. [2461] Cote d'Ivoire K000104225 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Compère [1837] Congo, Republic of the K000104249 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Sieber [31] Senegal K000313185 Unknown Type Material Yes
Jan 1, 1975 de Souza [sn] Benin K000104232 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Baldwin, J.T. [11205] Liberia K000104217 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Baldwin, J.T. [11058] Liberia K000104216 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Cooper, G.P. [191] Liberia K000104218 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Deighton, F.C. [18] Sierra Leone K000104202 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Aubreville, A. [899] Cote d'Ivoire K000104220 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Stubbings, H.G. [30] Nigeria K000104233 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Oldeman, R.A.A. [530] Cote d'Ivoire K000104222 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Morton, J.K.; Gledhill, D. [204] Sierra Leone K000104200 No
Jan 1, 1975 Brunner [73] K000310029 Unknown Type Material Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Gledhill, D. [517] Sierra Leone K000104199 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Bos, J.J. [3516] Cameroon K000104242 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 s.coll. [897] West Tropical Africa K000104208 Holotype Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Vogel [97] Niger K000310042 Type Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Vogel [34] K000313187 Unknown Type Material Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Bos, J.J. [3928] Cameroon K000104241 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Adames, P. [159] Sierra Leone K000104203 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Mahieu [380] Congo, Republic of the K000104250 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Donis, G. [1337] Congo, Republic of the K000104251 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Dalziel, J.M. [8042] Gambia, The K000104195 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Letouzey, R. [12446] Cameroon K000104240 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Carvalho [4421] Equatorial Guinea K000104238 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Daramola, B.O. [FHI46326] Nigeria K000104235 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Zenker, G.A. [1956] Cameroon K000313182 Unknown Type Material Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Gossweiler, J. [9137] Congo, Democratic Republic of the K000104265 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Scott Elliot, G.F. [4181] Sierra Leone K000104207 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Oldeman, R.A.A. [238] Cote d'Ivoire K000104223 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Morton, J.K. [6587] Ghana K000104229 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Geerling, C.; Bokdam, J. [1961] Cote d'Ivoire K000104226 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Bos, J.J. [2981] Cameroon K000104243 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Jansen, J.W.A. [1155] Liberia K000104213 Yes
Lobão, A.Q. [314] Brazil K001560162 Yes
Thijssen, M.T. [119] Cote d'Ivoire K001769777 No
Thomas, D.W. [946] Cameroon K001518766 No
Santos, A.K.A.; Conceição, S.F.; Nunes, T.S. [513] Brazil K001560172 Yes
de Wilde, J.J.F.E.; de Wilde-Bakhuizen, R.W. [11122] Gabon K001769779 No
Kami, E.; Cheek, M.; Harrig, C. [4280] Congo, Republic of the K000460992 Yes
Wieringa, J.J.; Haegens, R.M.A.P. [2518] Gabon K001769768 No
McPherson, G. [15271] Gabon K000104248 Yes
Don, G. [s.n.] Sierra Leone K001044639 Unknown Type Material Yes
Lisowski, S. [51442] Guinea K000104206 Yes
Lisowski, S. [51062] Guinea K000104205 Yes
Keay, R.W.J. [28672] Cameroon Chrysobalanus orbicularis K:SPC-16063.000 No
Dalziel, J.M. [981] Nigeria Chrysobalanus orbicularis K:SPC-16393.000 No

Sources

  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images