Spergularia flaccida (Madden) I.M.Turner

First published in Willdenowia 47: 214 (2017)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Macaronesia, N. Africa to Mauritania, Sicilia (Linosa) to NW. India and NE. Tropical Africa. It is an annual and grows primarily in the desert or dry shrubland biome.

Descriptions

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

Ghazanfar, S. A. & Edmondson, J. R (Eds). (2016) Flora of Iraq, Volume 5 Part 1: Elatinaceae to Sphenocleaceae.

Morphology General Habit
Annual herbs
Morphology Stem
Stems 5–40 cm, with ascending stems ± branched at the base, glabrous throughout
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 1–3.5 cm, linear, fleshy, not canaliculated beneath
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 3–5 mm, oblong-lanceolate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals white, equalling or somewhat shorter than the sepals
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 10, rarely less
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Styles 3
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 4–5 mm, somewhat exceeding the sepals, dehiscing by 3 valves
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 0.8–1 mm (excluding wing), compressed, grey-black, encircled by a broad scarious wing.
Ecology
Sandy soil in wadis, alluvial flats, roadsides, fields etc. alt. 5–550 m;
Phenology
Flowering & fruiting: Feb.–May.
Distribution
Widespread in the deserts and lowlands of Iraq. Madeira, Canary Is., N Africa, SW Asia, NW and C India.
[FIQ]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Erect or ascending annual herb, to 25 cm high, most parts glabrous or nearly so
Morphology Leaves
Leaves densely clustered at nodes, linear, to 25 x c. 0.5 mm, tip acute; stipules triangular-ovate, soon falling
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes lax, dichasial; peduncles up to 20–30 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts scarious, c. 1.5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals ovate-elliptic, c. 3.5 mm long, subacute to obtuse
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals ovate, slightly shorter than sepals
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens (6–)10, shorter than ovary
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Styles 3
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule slightly longer than sepals
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds black with broadly winged whitish margin, c. 1.1 mm in diam.
Distribution
N3 (Galgala) North Africa west to Atlantic Is., east to Iran, Afghanistan and India, Sudan.
Ecology
Altitude c. 1150 m.
[FSOM]

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Flora of Iraq

    • Ghazanfar, S. A., Edmondson, J. R. (Eds). (2013-2019). Flora of Iraq, Volumes 5.1, 5.2 and 6.0. Kew Publishing
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images