Pentanema oculus-christi (L.) D.Gut.Larr., Santos-Vicente, Anderb., E.Rico & M.M.Mart.Ort.

First published in Taxon 67: 159 (2018)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is E. Central & S. Europe to Iran. It is a perennial or rhizomatous geophyte and grows primarily in the temperate biome.

Descriptions

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

Ghazanfar, S. A., Edmondson, J. R. & Hind, D. J. N. (Eds). (2019). Flora of Iraq, Volume 6: Compositae.Kew Publishing

Morphology General Habit
Rhizomatous perennial herb 13–50 cm tall
Morphology Stem
Stems branched only above, rarely simple and single-headed, lanate especially above
Morphology Leaves
Lower leaves 7–21 × 1.4–4 cm, oblanceolate to elliptic, apex acute and often apiculate, base gradually narrowed, petiolate, petiole up to 7 cm long, margins entire, surfaces softly pubescent to lanate throughout; cauline leaves ovate to oblong, sessile, slightly to auriculate-amplexicaul, diminishing upwards
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a terminal corymb of 1–10 capitula on densely villous pedicels
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Involucre
Involucre hemispherical, 12– 22 mm broad; outer and median phyllaries herbaceous, linear, sericeous, glandular, median 5–8 mm long; inner phyllaries narrowed to a very long subulate point, ciliate above
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Female florets 12–17 mm, ray limb 7–10 mm; Disc florets 7–8 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achenes ribbed, setuliferous; pappus 6–7 mm, white.
Ecology
On mountain slopes and cultivated foot of hill near stream; alt. 1300–2200 m;
Phenology
flowering & fruiting: Jun.-Jul.
Distribution
Scattered in the mountain region of Iraq. SE & C Europe, Turkey, Caucasia, Iran, C Asia (Turkmenia).
[FIQ]

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Flora of Iraq

    • Ghazanfar, S. A., Edmondson, J. R. (Eds). (2013-2019). Flora of Iraq, Volumes 5.1, 5.2 and 6.0. Kew Publishing
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0