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This species is accepted, and its native range is E. & S. Brazil.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium


CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.

General Description
STEM: ± erect, often forming extensive scrambling branching system up to 4m long, or epiphytic. plants hanging down with the shoot tips turning upwards, (1.2-) 1.5-3 cm thick; adventitious roots up to l.5 cm diam. when mature, becoming woody, black and tuberculate, differentiated into feeding and clasping roots, the latter forming extensive support system in epiphytic plants; internodes 0.1-1.6 cm long, green when young, becoming chestnut or coppery brown and eventually grey with age; prophyll scars 0.1-0.2(-0.6) cm long, usually shorter than internodes: intravaginal squamules short, 1-3.5(-4) mm long, 1-1.5(-2) mm wide, ± elliptic in section, not strongly flattened, jutting out and ± recurved, sharply-pointed, usually arranged in rows near apex of each internode just below prophyll scar but also occurring in middle of internode; foliage leaf scars suborbicular to elliptic, sometimes oblique, usually longer than broad, 1.1-2.8 cm long, 0.9-1.5(-2) cm wide. LEAF: prophyll 17-30 cm long; petiole 22-46 cm long, 0.3-0.5(-0.8) cm diam. at apex, broadly sulcate adaxially with angled margins, sometimes with central ridges, sheath 5-11 cm long; leaf blade sagittate, margins repand, overall length 23-40(-50) cm long, overall width 15-24(-35) cm wide, upper surface clark ± glossy green with paler main veins, lower surface paler with whitish-green sometimes pink-tinged primary lateral veins; anterior division 15.5-26(-33) cm long, 13.5-24(-27.5) cm wide, apex usually acute-acuminate, sometimes subacute-cuspidate, primary lateral veins 3-5 pcr side, arising at an angle of (30-)40-85º near base, cross veinlets of finest parallel veins usually very distinct in both dried and fresh material; posterior divisions retrose. introrsc or sometimes slightly extrorse, 7.5-14 cm long, 0.3 x overall bladc length, 7.5-1.3 cn wide, basal ribs denuded proximally on basiscopic side for (0.8-)l.5-4 cm, tip acute to subacute and rounded at extremity, primary acroscopic veins (1-)2-3(-5), primary basiscopic veins 0-3, weaker, basiscopic lamina areas well-developed, usually not overlapping. INFLORESCENCE: peduncle shorter than spathe, 3-7(-11) cm long, 0.5-0.8 cm diam. at apex; spathe 12-18 cm long, 2-3.5 cm diam. at middle, green on outer surface, uniformely white within, decurrent for 4-8 cm; spadix 10-17 cm long, fertile male zone 1.5-3 cm long, 0.8-1.7 cm diam., sterile male zone 3.5-7.5 cm long, 1-2.2 cm diam., ± cylindric, female zone 1.6-2 cm long or more (dorsally), ca. 1.3-2 cm diam., con- spicuously adnate to spathe for up to 5 cm. FLOWERS: stamens 4 per flower, 3- 5 mm long, 0.6-1 mm wide at apex, tapering to base; staminodes 5- 6 per fllower, 3-5.5 mm long, 0.9-1.3(-1.5) mm diam. at apex, prisrnatic, truncate at apex, tapering to base; gynoeciurn 3 - 4 mm long, ovary ± cylindric, 2-3 mm diam., raphide cells common in upper walls of locules, locules 4-6(-12) per ovary, ovules (1-)2-3(-4) per locule, inserted on basal half of axis, style body short, ± as wide as ovary, with dense axial raphide con- centration around stylar canals, compitum not penetrating ovary, central dome lacking or present but weakly developed, stylar canals entering locules subapically or almost halfway down, stigma at anthesis not seen. INFRUCTESCENCE: no ripe fertile berries seen, galled berries yellow-orange at maturity.
Terrestrial in coastal restinga scrub on sandy soils and hemiepiphytic in coastal rainforest and tall restinga forest.
East and South Brazil.

In Santa Catarina the plant is called 'cipó preto' (black liane) and was employed as cordage for boat-building, among other uses, due to its resistance to decomposition (Reitz 1958).

Native to:

Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast

Thaumatophyllum corcovadense (Kunth) Sakur., Calazans & Mayo appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
May 1, 1986 Harley, R.M. [18187], Bahia Philodendron corcovadense K000303411
May 1, 1986 Harley, R.M. [18187], Bahia Philodendron corcovadense K000303410
Mayo, S. [575], Brazil Philodendron corcovadense 44907.000
Mayo, S. [600], Brazil Philodendron corcovadense 46362.000
Mayo, S. [in G. Hatsch], Brazil Philodendron corcovadense 46363.000
Mayo, S. [575], Brazil Philodendron corcovadense 46365.000
Mayo, S. [575], Brazil Philodendron corcovadense 46374.000
Philodendron corcovadense 49973.000
Philodendron corcovadense 59040.000
Bogner [1150], Brazil Philodendron corcovadense K001183436
Araujo, D. [5109], Brazil Philodendron corcovadense K001183437
Hatschbach, G. [46087], Brazil Philodendron corcovadense K001185000
Reitz [2367], Brazil Philodendron corcovadense K001183441
Jonsson, G. [918a], Brazil Philodendron corcovadense K001184999
Pereira, E. [4157], Brazil Philodendron corcovadense K001183438
Reitz [2367], Brazil Philodendron corcovadense K001183443
Mayo, S.J. [575], Brazil Philodendron corcovadense K001183439
Mayo, S.J. [575], Brazil Philodendron corcovadense K001183440
Reitz [2367], Brazil Philodendron corcovadense K001183442
Burchell, W.J. [2910], Brazil Philodendron corcovadense K001184998

First published in PhytoKeys 98: 60 (2018)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. Scientific Data 8: 215.

CATE Araceae
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.