Araceae Juss.

Thaumatophyllum paludicola (E.G.Gonç. & Salviani) Sakur., Calazans & Mayo

This species is accepted, and its native range is Brazil (Espírito Santo).


CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.

Helophytic plants, growing in coastal marshes and ponds frequently associated with Montrichardia linifera (Arruda) Schott, (water pH 5.0, fide Sucre).
General Description
STEM erect, sometimes branching 0.5-2 m tall, 6-8 cm thick; adventitious roots rarely seen above ground level, with prominent lenticels; internodes 1-10 mm long, green when young, turning silvery gray; propbyll scars 2-7 mm long, concolorous with the internodes; intravaginal squamules not persistent; foliage leaf scars rounded to transverse elliptic, 3-4.6 cm long, 5-6.5 cm wide, concolorous with true internodes. LEAF: 8-10 per crown; prophyll 35-49 cm long, 12-14 cm wide at base; petiole 40-45 cm long, clear green with darker longitudinal stripes, subequaling the leaf blade, 1-1.2 cm at apex, sulcate adaxially with sharply angled margins; leaf blade ovate to triangular in outline, upper surface dark green, semiglossy, margins repand to sinuately lobed, overall length 43-45 cm, overall width 39-43 cm, usually wider below petiole attachment; anterior division 32-34 cm long, 39-41 cm wide, apex acute to shortly acuminate; primary lateral lobes 3-4 per side, subtriangular to rounded, somewhat oblique, basal primary lateral lobes 2-5.5 cm long, 5-6 cm wide, shorter towards apex; primary lateral veins 4 per side, regularly spaced, paler than lamina in both surfaces, arising at an angle of 50-60°; posterior divisions 10-14 cm long, 0.3-0.4 X overall blade length, 39-43 cm wide, basal ribs denuded for 3-5-4 cm, tip rounded, primary acros-copic lobes 2-3, primary basioscopic lobes 2-3, much shallower than acroscopic lobes, basioscopic area of lamina well developed, sinus between posterior divisions parabolic. INFLORESCENCE: peduncle 8-10 cm long, 2-2.5 cm diam at apex; spathe 20.5-22 cm long, 5-5.5 cm diam at middle, dark glossy green on outer surface, white on inner surface; spadix 16-18.5 cm long, fertile male zone 6 cm long, 2.5 cm diam., subcylindric, sterile male zone 8 cm, usually longer than fertile male zone, 4 cm diam., thicker basally, female zone 4.5 cm long, 2.5 cm diam. FLOWERS: stamens 5-8 mm long, 1-1.2 mm diam. at apex; staminodes 5-7 mm long, longest at base of sterile zone, at apex 1-1.5 mm diam., clavate, usually flattened, tapering gradually and then abruptly to base; gynoecium 4-5 mm long, ovary cylindric, 2-2.5 mm diam., locules 4-7 per ovary, ovules 3-4 per locule, inserted from base to upper third of ovary axis, style crown strongly lobed, style body slightly narrower than the ovary, central dome absent, stigma 2 mm diam. FRUIT unknown.
Brazil (Espírito Santo).

Native to:

Brazil Southeast

Thaumatophyllum paludicola (E.G.Gonç. & Salviani) Sakur., Calazans & Mayo appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Mar 1, 2001 Salviani, E.R. [1869], Espírito Santo Philodendron paludicola K000401062 isotype

First published in PhytoKeys 98: 61 (2018)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. Scientific Data 8: 215.

  • CATE Araceae

    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.