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This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical America.

Bejuco burro (Andoque), Bejuco de sarna (Andoque), Bejuco panzeburro (Andoque), Bejuco silvestre (Andoque), Foeí (Andoque), Ñodku (Huitoto)


CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.

General Description
STEM: climbing or hanging with erect tip in epiphytic plants, erect to prostrate in terrestrial plants, 1-6 m long, 4 -7(-15) cm diam.; adventitious roots hanging down to ground, 1.5 cm diam., tuberculate-aculeate with corky, grey, lenticellate bark; internodes 0.1 - 0.3 cm long; prophyll scars 0.1 - 1(-1.5) cm long, paler and longer than internodes; intravaginal squamules usually numerous, occasionally lacking, 2-7 mm long, 1-2 mm wide at base, triangular-acuminate, usually ± flattened, patent, whitish, crowded together in dense rows on internodes, wearing off on older part of stem; foliage leaf scars transverse-elliptic to suborbicular, 2.5-3.5 cm long, 2.5-3 cm wide, whitish-grey. LEAF: prophyll c. 25 cm long, green or purple, deciduous; petiole 50-100(-114) cm long, apex 0.6-1.3 cm diam., often rugulose, adaxially flattened or with broad central ridge, margins ± sharply angled, sheath 6-13 cm long; leaf blade sagittate, margins repand, overall length 50-94 cm, overall width (23.5-)27-48 cm, upper surface dark green, lower surface paler, dull or glossy on both surfaces; anterior division 30-67 cm long, (23.5-)27-40 (-48) cm wide, apex obliquely acute-acuminate, more rarely subacute to obtuse and cuspidate, primary lateral veins (3-)4-5(-6) per side, arising at angle of (50-)55-90°, slightly paler than blade on upper surface, concolorous on lower surface, cross veinlets between finest parallel veins sometimes distinct in dried material; posterior divisions retrorse, sometimes slightly extrorse, 17-27(-30)cm long, 0.25-0.33(-0.42) x overall blade length, 12-24 cm wide, basal ribs denuded for (1.7-) 3.5 - 5.5( -7.5) cm, tip usually acute, more rarely subacute or obtuse, rounded at extremity, primary acroscopic veins (1 —)2 — 3( — 4), very rarely up to 8, primary basiscopic veins (0-) 1-7, weaker, basiscopic lamina area variable, usually moderately developed. INFLORESCENCE: peduncle (2-)4.5-12(-13.5) cm long, l.5-2(-3) cm diam. at apex, tapering to base, green; spathe 13-31 cm long, 2.5-4.5(-5.5) cm diam. at middle, larger in fruit, ± cylindric, outer surface glossy light green, becoming yellow with ripening of berries, with punctate, non-pigmented extrafloral nectaries especially near apex, inner surface creamy white throughout, decurrent for 2.5-4 cm; spadix 10.5-28 cm long, fertile male zone 3.5-7.5( -10) cm long, 1.3 - 2.2 cm diam., ellipsoid, more rarely subcylindric or clavate, acute, sterile male zone 5-8.5(-10) cm long, (0.9-)l.2-2.6 (-2 9) cm diam., subcylindric, tapering slightly to apex, female zone (2.5-) 3.5-6.5(-7) cm long, 1.4-2.4 cm diam. FLOWERS: stamens 3-5.5 mm long, 0.5-0.9 mm diam. at apex; staminodes 3-5.5 mm long, (0.7 -)1 - 1.5 mm diam. at apex, at base of zone longer stouter apically with convex apex, becoming less clavate, more prismatic and apically truncate towards apex of zone; gynoecium (3-)4-6 mm long, ovary cylindric or slightly tapering to base, 4.5-5 mm diam., locules 26-34 (-47) per ovary, ovules 4-5 per locule, inserted from base to apex, evenly spaced, style body as wide as or slightly wider than ovary, lacking raphide cells, compitum shallow, not penetrating ovary, forming a circular channel, style crown weakly lobed, tissue abundantly tanniniferous, with abundant druses, central dome equalling style crown, broad and massive, with deep (sometimes shallow) axial canal which may descend almost to base of ovary axis, and is conspicuous in fruit and post-anthesis flowers, stylar canals entering locules subapically, stigma (3-) 3.5-4(-5.5) mm broad, contiguous with neighbouring stigmas, tannin hairs numerous. INFRUCTESCENCE: ripe infructescence ca. 12 cm long, 4-4.5 cm diam.; berry white, orange or red (fide different collectors) with sweet fermenting odour, compressed-subcylindric, 1-1.3 cm long, 1-1.3 cm diam., style crown persistent as circular channel around axial cavity; seed ovoid-ellipsoid, 1.7-2 mm long, 0.8-1.2 mm diam., raphe and funicle arillate, enlarged with oily contents but not enclosing seed, testa not sarcotestate.
Hemi-epiphyte, often high-climbing, in terra firme or flooded blackwater (igapó) forests or riverine and lacustrine gallery forests, also terrestrial and then erect or prostrate on sandy soils.
French Guiana, Guyana, Surinam, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, West-central and North Brazil.


Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá.

Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 160 - 300 m.; Amazonia, Orinoquia, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
No Evaluada

Native to:

Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela

Thaumatophyllum solimoesense (A.C.Sm.) Sakur., Calazans & Mayo appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Nov 4, 2004 Haigh, A.L. [22], French Guiana Philodendron solimoesense K000099752
Nov 4, 2004 Haigh, A.L. [22], French Guiana Philodendron solimoesense 73878.000
Nov 4, 2004 Haigh, A.L. [22], French Guiana Philodendron solimoesense K000400265
Nov 4, 2004 Haigh, A.L. [22], French Guiana Philodendron solimoesense K000400266
Brazil Philodendron solimoesense 29047.419
Brazil Philodendron solimoesense 44912.000
Brazil Philodendron solimoesense 46275.000
Brazil Philodendron solimoesense 49969.000
Haigh, A.L. [23], French Guiana Philodendron solimoesense 73337.000

First published in PhytoKeys 98: 63 (2018)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. Scientific Data 8: 215.


Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet;"

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Universidad Nacional de Colombia

  • Linares E.L., Galeano G., García N. y Figueroa Y. (2008). Fibras vegetales utilizadas en artesanías en Colombia. Artesanías de Colombia - Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Recuperado el día 11 de nobiembre de 2020 de

CATE Araceae
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Universidad Nacional de Colombia
ColPlantA database