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This species is accepted, and its native range is NE. Brazil.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium


CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.

General Description
STEM: erect to decumbent and scrambling over other plants, branching basally, up to 150 cm tall, 1-2 cm diam.; adventitious roots very long and growing rapidly in all directions, extending and ramifying within leaf sheaths of neighbouring bromeliads or in shaded litter, yellowish-brown, 0.4 cm diam; internodes 3-7 cm long, smooth and grey except for apical few yellow-green internodes, bearing acuminate, recurved lateral buds, often situated halfway along internode; prophyll scars 0.1-0.3 cm long, inconspicuous; intravaginal squamules lacking; foliage leaf scars 1-1.5 cm long, inconspicuous, suborbicular, not markedly different in colour from internode epidermis. LEAF: prophyll 13-22 cm long, green linear-triangular, deciduous; petiole 12-22 cm long, 0 4 cm diam. at apex, longer than central leaflet, convex above with narrowly keeled margins, rounded below, sheath 3.5-4 cm long; leaf blade pedately compound, subcircular to transverse-elliptic in outline, overall length up to about 32 cm, overall width up to about 32 cm, divided to base; leaflets (5-)8-11, sessile, central one distant from nearest laterals, lateral ones progressively more crowded towards extremities of rachises and held spirally and suberect, upper surface dark ± glossy green, lower surface paler, no primary lateral veins present, cross veinlets of finest parallel veins fine-reticulate on lower surface in dried material, central leaflet 10-17 cm long, 2-6 cm wide, oblong-elliptic, acute to obtuse, midrib excurrent into apiculum (only in central leaflet), base subacute to rounded, first lateral leaflets inserted 0.7-2 cm from central leaflet, midrib evanescent before reaching non-apiculate apex, outer lateral leaflets progressively smaller towards extremities of rachises. INFLORESCENCE: peduncle 2.5-4.5 cm long, 1.5 cm diam. at apex; spathe 8-15 cm long, 3 cm diam. at middle, larger in fruit, ovoid-cylindric, decurrent for 1.5 cm, outer surface green with white-membranous margins, sparsely covered with brown punctate extrafloral nectaries, inner surface whitish cream; spadix 10.5-13 cm long, fertile male zone 3.7-4 cm long, 1.1 cm diam., ± cylindric, acute at apex, sterile male zone 5.5-5.8 cm long, 1.2-1.4 cm diam., subcylindric, slightly thicker towards base, female zone 1-1.5cm long, 1 cm diam. FLOWERS: stamens 2.75 mm long, 0.7 x 1.8 mm wide at apex, slightly tapering to base, stomial grooves extending almost to apex, no resin canals in connective; staminodes 4-6 per flower, 2-2.5 mm long, 1.7-2.3 mm wide at apex, ± prismatic in transverse section, flattened at apex, broadly clavate-obovate with narrow stipitate base; gynoecium 3 mm long, compressed-cylindric, ovary subcylindric, 2 mm diam., upper walls with frequent raphides, locules 3-4, ovules 1-2 per locule, inserted on axile placenta in basal third of locule, style body lacking, compitum penetrating ovary ± to level of entry into locules, surrounded by raphide concentration, 3-4 lobed in cross-section, style crown equal in width to ovary, broadly and shallowly 3-4 lobed, style lobes densely tanniniferous, central dome lacking, stylar canals very short to lacking, stigma contiguous with neighbouring stigmas, pale yellow, ± lacking tannin hairs. INFRUCTESCENCE: berry 0.8-1 cm long, 0.7-1.1 cm diam., compressed-subcylindric, scarlet when ripe, few-seeded; seed 4.6 mm long, 3-4 mm diam., ovoid to stout-cylindric, peach pink, outer integument forming sarcotesta rich in oily droplets, many raphides forming a layer in inner integument at boundary with endosperm, especially at micropylar end, embryo lageniform, 3 mm long, 1 mm diam. Figs. IB, 7, 8D, 10D, 15A, Map 4C.
NE. Brazil.
Terrestrial on rock outcrops in semi-arid thorn scrub ('caatinga') or in coastal scrub forest on sand ('restinga'), usually (?always) in association with populations of Bromeliaceae.

Native to:

Brazil Northeast

Thaumatophyllum leal-costae (Mayo & G.M.Barroso) Sakur., Calazans & Mayo appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jul 1, 1996 Lyra-Lemos, R.P. [2903], Alagoas Philodendron leal-costae K000303405
May 1, 1986 Vasconcelos, J.M. [2971], Paraíba Philodendron leal-costae K000303406
May 1, 1986 Harley, R.M. [19428], Bahia Philodendron leal-costae K000303403
May 1, 1986 Harley, R.M. [19428], Bahia Philodendron leal-costae K000303398 isotype
May 1, 1986 Harley, R.M. [19428], Bahia Philodendron leal-costae K000303401 isotype
May 1, 1986 Harley, R.M. [19428], Bahia Philodendron leal-costae K000303400 isotype
May 1, 1986 Hatschbach, G. [45073], Bahia Philodendron leal-costae K000303396
May 1, 1986 Harley, R.M. [19428], Bahia Philodendron leal-costae K000303404
May 1, 1986 Harley, R.M. [19428], Bahia Philodendron leal-costae K000303399 isotype
Jan 1, 1984 Davidse, G. [11669], Bahia Philodendron leal-costae K000303397
Jan 1, 1983 Campêlo, C.R. [2014], Alagoas Philodendron leal-costae K000303395
Harley, R., Brazil Philodendron leal-costae 37824.000
Harley [19428], Brazil Philodendron leal-costae 39216.000
Brazil Philodendron leal-costae 46330.000
Harley, R.M. [19428], Brazil Philodendron leal-costae 49963.000 holotype
Nadruz, M. [869], Pernambuco Philodendron leal-costae K000303402

First published in PhytoKeys 98: 61 (2018)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. Scientific Data 8: 215.

CATE Araceae
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.